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Nouns/ Sustantivos. Definite and Indefinite Articles. Nouns/ Sustantivo o Nombre. A noun is a word used to denote a person, place, thing, or idea . Person : John, girl, dentist Place: garden, university, Venezuela Thing: book, car, tomato Idea: liberty, despair, intelligence.

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nouns sustantivos


Definite and Indefinite Articles

nouns sustantivo o nombre
Nouns/ Sustantivo o Nombre
  • A noun is a word used to denote a person, place, thing, or idea.

Person: John, girl, dentistPlace: garden, university, VenezuelaThing: book, car, tomatoIdea: liberty, despair, intelligence


- Nouns in Spanish have gender. (Masculine, Feminine)- You can tell a gender of a noun by looking at the ARTICLE that goes in front of it.- DEFINITE ARTICLES (ways to say “THE”)


Almost all nouns that end in –O are masculine.

  • Almost all nouns that end in –A are feminine.
  • Like everything else in Spanish there are exceptions. (el día, el programa, la mano, el clima, el mapa)

For words that don’t end in O/A there are other helpful ways to identify their gender.

  • Nouns that end in –L, -O, -N, -E, -R, -S are masculine. (Remember LONERS)
  • Nouns that end in –D, -ión, -Z, -A are feminine. (Remember DIONZA)

- There is also a set of INDEFINITE articles in Spanish. (Ways to say “A”, and “SOME”)

  • - The rules for choosing which indefinite article to use are the same as the definite articles.


  • To make nouns plural follow these rules:
  • For nouns that end in a vowel --> add an “S”
  • For nouns that end in a consonant --> add an “ES”
  • For nouns that end in “Z”, change the “Z” to a “C” and then add “ES”