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CIHEAM-IAMB. Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Network (MOAN) History and scope for a new organisation. Lina AL BITAR IAMB. First meeting November 23 – 25, 2006 Bari - Italy. Background.

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CIHEAM-IAMB

Mediterranean Organic Agriculture Network (MOAN)History and scope for a new organisation

Lina AL BITAR

IAMB

First meeting November 23 – 25, 2006Bari - Italy


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Background

  • Organic farming, in the last years, has continuously attracted much interest and consent, and by now it involves quite all the Mediterranean countries.

  • Despite its progressive development, the evolution of the organic sector in the Mediterranean region is constrained by some critical points.


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Factors limiting the development of the Mediterranean organic agriculture

  • Information-training deficiency

    • -         Poor technical-scientific knowledge;

    • -         Lack of statistics and unreliability of data

  • Institutional deficiency

    • Regulations unsuitable for the territorial peculiarities and problems of equivalence

    • - Lack and inadequacy of support policy

  • Degradation of the natural resources

    • -         Fragility of the agroecological system;

    • -         Soil desertification;

    • -         Simplification and homogenisation of vegetation;

    • -         Degradation by salinisation, laterization and erosion;

    • -         Water and soil pollution;

  • Socio-economic and cultural desertification


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MOAN launching organic agriculture

In 1999, IAMB launched a network of experts with the objective of furthering organic agriculture in the CIHEAM member states.

MOAN

Network on Mediterranean Organic Agriculture

www.organicmedit.org


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Scientific Network on organic agriculture

Organic Agriculture

CIHEAM Funds

STRATEGY “a”

Deepening knowledge on Organic Agriculture in the Mediterranean Region

Preparation of proposals for new funding

Litterature

&

Research reviews

Data collection

Database

Courses for trainers and for students

Workshops - seminars

National & International Donors (EC, ….)

Input from Strategy “a”

Disposal of new funds

STRATEGY “b”

Institutional strengthening

STRATEGY “c”

Support for farmers

research & experimentation


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Partners organic agriculture

  • Albania University of Tirana

  • Algeria University of Blida

  • Egypt Ain Shams University

  • France GRAB

  • Greece MAICH

  • Italy Bari University

  • Lebanon Ministry of Agriculture

  • Malta Ministry of Agriculture

  • Morocco IAV-Hassan II

  • Portugal Ministry of Agriculture

  • TunisiaCTAB

  • Turkey Ege University

  • International Institution: IFOAM ABM


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2004 organic agriculture

2002


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MOAN evolution organic agriculture

Following the Euro-Med Conference recommendation (Venice, 2003) IAMB has decided to re-organize MOAN, by making it an institutional governmental Network and by enlarging it to all Euro-Med countries.


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Partner Countries organic agriculture

Network on Mediterranean Organic Agriculture

www.iamb.it


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Flowchart organic agriculture

Coordinator

IAMB

Partners

Ministries

of Agriculture

Steering

committee


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Objectives organic agriculture

1. Creating a partnership to discuss at regional level all the problems related to the institutional organization of the sector and look for common strategies for its development.

2. Strengthening the relations among organic communities (especially among official institutions like Ministries) in the Mediterranean region.

3. Valorisation of the potential of organic agriculture in the region.

4. Become a reference point for policy makers at international level.


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Activities organic agriculture

  • Organisation of an annual meeting to discuss problems and share common strategies;

  • Organisation of country-specific workshops to encourage national sub-networks, enhance the visibility of the host country and raise its profile in the Mediterranean organic context;

  • Organisation of international conferences and publication of scientific works, periodical reports on the state-of-the-art of OA in the region with the aim to bring the Mediterranean organic perspective in the global debate

  • Creation and management of a website on Mediterranean OA with special sections on country profiles and events.

Website presentation


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CIHEAM-IAMB organic agriculture

Organic Agriculture in the Mediterranean

Statistics and main trends


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Organic agriculture in the Mediterranean organic agriculture

  • Total area about 4 000 000 ha

  • Total number of farms about 114 000

Source: SIAB, MOAN, ONAB (IAMB)




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Organic agriculture in the Mediterranean organic agriculture

Serbia

7%

Serbia 7%


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Organic agriculture in the Mediterranean organic agriculture

Maghreb

Country

National legislation

Organic policy

Certification

bodies

Producers’ association

Market

Financial support

Action Plan

local

export

Algeria

Draft

Yes

No

2 foreign

1 local

1

Yes (very limited)

Yes (very limited)

Morocco

Draft

No

No

2 foreign

yes

Strongly export-oriented

Tunisia

Yes

Yes

Yes

4 foreign

various + national federation

Yes

Strongly export-oriented

Mashrek

Egypt

No

No

No

8

growing

Strongly export-oriented

Turkey

Yes

Yes

Draft

7 foreign

3 local

5

growing

Strongly export-oriented

Lebanon

Draft

Yes

No

2 local

2

mostly local and regional

Very limited

Syria

No

No

Draft

No

-

Limited

Export-oriented

Palestine

No

-

-

1 foreign

Jordan

No

No

Yes

1 foreign

2

Yes

Limited

Export-oriented

Eastern Mediterranean countries

Albania

Yes

No

Draft

3 Foreign

1 Local

Yes

Limited

Export-oriented

B&H

Yes (rep. Srpska)

No

No

Local & Foreign

Yes

Limited

Export-oriented

Croatia

Yes

Yes

Draft

5 local

1 Foreign

Yes

Yes

Macedonia

Yes

No

Draft

Foreign & Local

Yes

Serbia

Yes

Yes

No

No

3

Yes

Yes

Montenegro

Yes

Yes

No

1 Foreign

3

EU countries

Portugal

Yes

Yes

Yes

2 Foreign

1 Local

Yes

Yes

France

Yes

Yes

Yes

1 Foreign

5 Local

mature

Yes

Greece

Yes

3 Local

emerging

yes

Italy

Yes

Yes

Yes

mature

Yes

Spain

Yes

No

Yes

emerging

yes

Malta

Draft

Yes

Yes

1 Local

No

yes

limited

Cyprus

Yes

Yes

Draft

1 Local

1 Foreign

2

Yes Limited

yes

Slovenia

Yes

Yes

Yes

2 Local

1 Foeign

10

Yes

Yes

* various sources.


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Critical issues organic agriculture

  • Heterogeneity and unreliability of data

  • Difficulty in finding statistical information

  • Insufficient training and technical know-how

  • Insufficient research and support policies

  • Inadequat regulations and problems of equivalency

Organic agriculture in the Mediterranean

  • Perspectives

  • Economic development

  • Preservation of natural resources

  • Income generating

  • Strengthening the Euro-Mediterranean relationships


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  • Develop a local culture of organic farming organic agriculture

  • Set up action plans and support policies

  • Harmonization of international rules and norms

  • Different actions should be undertaken such as:

    • The creation of databases for the collection and diffusion of information;

    • Institutional capacity building;

    • Activities of research and experimentation; and

    • Networking.

Conclusions and future prospects