The Enlightenment. The Age of Reason 18 th century. John Locke 1632-1704. Essay Concerning Human Understanding 1690 Second Treatise on Government 1690. Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Tabula Rasa
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While in England Voltaire was attracted to the philosophy of John Locke and ideas of Sir Isaac Newton. He studied England's constitutional monarchy, its religious tolerance, its philosophical rationalism and most importantly the natural sciences. Voltaire also greatly admired English religious tolerance and freedom of speech, and saw these as necessary prerequisites for social and political progress. He saw England as a useful model for what he considered to be a backward France,