Diet & Nutrition FCS-FNW-1. Students will discuss basic nutrient requirements and their use in dietary planning. Too Few Nutrients. Malnutrition is a serious health problem caused by a continuing lack of nutrients, or the body’s poor absorption or use of nutrients
Malnutrition is a serious health problem caused by a continuing lack of nutrients, or the body’s poor absorption or use of nutrients
Often is a result of food shortages or poverty
BUT…even people who get enough to eat can develop malnutrition if they make poor food choices
Government program that helps people with limited income buy food
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
Government program that gives food assistance and nutrition education to pregnant and nursing women, infants, and preschool children who are in need
Home Delivered Meals
Meals are delivered to disabled or elderly
Program that gets donations from community to distribute to people in need
Low cost or no cost meals are provided to people
Each stage of the lifespan needs certain nutrients to help the body properly develop.
Infancy, childhood and the teen years are the most crucial years for proper intake of nutrients. The “grow” nutrient is most important.
Pregnant and lactating women usually need an increased intake of nutrients due to the changes in their bodies.
Adults and the elderly tend to decrease their intake of nutrients because their bodies are not growing. Instead, adults and the elderly have a slower metabolism and turn more nutrients into fat.
Everyone needs the same nutrients
How much you need depends on:
As a teen, your nutrient needs are higher now than they will be at any other time in your life.
Dietary Reference Intake (DRI’s) standards, which give information on how much of each nutrient one needs to intake. They are part of the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA’s).
Remember, these requirements are researched and are also based on a daily diet.
The USDA has a web link with a complete list of DRI’s listed at: http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/nal_display/index.php?info_center=4&tax_level=3&tax_subject=256&topic_id=1342&level3_id=5140
Poor nutrition can also result from getting too many nutrients
Example: too much fat can lead to heart disease and other problems
Excess amounts of vitamins and minerals can cause serious harm to your body
Example: too much vitamin A can damage your liver
Taking too many vitamin and mineral supplements can cause this