Flightplan research phase 2 summary results
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FlightPlan Research Phase 2 Summary Results. Jim McGee Global Mapping International IAMA Conference May 2006. Background. Global Mapping International Part of and committed to the mission community Unaffiliated with the mission aviation community Focus and commitment to research

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FlightPlan Research Phase 2 Summary Results

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Flightplan research phase 2 summary results

FlightPlan ResearchPhase 2 Summary Results

Jim McGee

Global Mapping International

IAMA Conference

May 2006


Flightplan research phase 2 summary results

Background

  • Global Mapping International

    • Part of and committed to the mission community

    • Unaffiliated with the mission aviation community

    • Focus and commitment to research

      GMI’s Mission:

      Produce and present world-class research that fuels emerging mission movements and leaders.


Key elements of the project

Key Elements of the Project

  • Collaboration and involvement sought from all stakeholders

  • A visible, open process

  • Compilation of valuable information for distribution throughout the mission aviation community

  • Funding provided from several sources

  • Third-party analysis and reporting


Phases

Phases

  • Phase 1: Document the status, dynamics and trends

  • Phase 2: Explore perceptions, needs, challenges, opportunities

  • Phase 3: Envision and analyze possible & preferable futures


Phase 1 status trends

Phase 1: Status & Trends


Phase 1 cd contents

Phase 1 CD Contents

  • Research Report: Status of Mission Aviation

    • History

    • Global Trends

    • Missiology

    • Finance

    • Training

    • Technology

    • Strategy/Practice


Phase 1 cd contents1

Phase 1 CD Contents

  • Directory of mission aviation service providers

  • Web directory of mission aviation web sites

  • Library of 300 mission aviation documents

  • Key documents

    • Dave Bochman

    • Ed Robinson

    • Scott Zibell

  • Key measures


Sample of phase 1 info

Sample of Phase 1 Info

  • National and global trends

  • Number of student pilots has dropped 41% in past 20 years


Sample of phase 1 info1

Sample of Phase 1 Info


Sample of phase 1 info2

Sample of Phase 1 Info

  • Technical m.a. staff is up by 44% since 1988

  • Flight hours are roughly unchanged

  • (Chart does not show all known orgs)


More phase 1 learning plus

More Phase 1 Learning (plus)

  • Roadless population growing: 1 billion by 2030

  • Among poorest peoples, mobility not expected to increase substantially

  • Building roads often doesn’t give poorest access to services they need

  • Economic-valuation models say the value of time saved is multiplied by a factor of (significant given rapid population increase)


More phase 1 learning plus1

More Phase 1 Learning (plus)

  • Fuel savings from diesel/autofuel aircraft expected to recoup cost in 4 years of service

  • Staff attrition at MAF (6.5% annually) is similar to that of all U.S.-based missions (6.0%)

  • Projected supply of pilot trainees runs fairly close to expressed agency need (but do they reach the field?)

  • Projected supply of maintenance specialists runs somewhat short


Phase 2 perceptions needs opportunities challenges

Phase 2: Perceptions, Needs, Opportunities, Challenges


Methodology

Methodology

  • Objectives: Gather internal (stakeholder) and external perspectives

  • Internal: Interview leaders/representatives within stakeholder groups to explore key issues, questions

    • Depth interviews

    • Online focus groups

  • External: Survey current and potential users of mission aviation to explore needs, perceptions


What stakeholders see

What Stakeholders See


Depth interviews

Depth Interviews

  • 40 depth interviews (phone, email)

    • 15 service providers (10 agencies; senior leaders, field leaders, pilots, recruiters)

    • 8 trainers/equippers (5 schools, 3 bridge programs)

    • 6 support specialists (4 agencies)

    • 5 donors

    • 4 service users (representing Guatemala, Ecuador, Cameroon, South Africa, China and PNG)

    • 2 current/former students


Online discussions

Online Discussions

  • Discussion Boards

    • 75 mission-aviation stakeholders

    • Topical: focusing on questions outlined in Phase 1

    • Situational: getting reactions to ideas that could have application for mission aviation, e.g….

      • …corporate-NGO partnership for global logistics

      • …federal giving initiative to give $200 million to faith-based organizations working in AIDS-ravaged countries

      • ...Islamic competition in community air service

      • …small-scale tribal tourism operations

      • …2-year field internship for prospective missionaries


Values

Values

  • In relative frequency of mention

    • Cooperate with other agencies

    • Be a missionary first, a pilot second

    • Empower indigenous peoples by increasing their access to health/education services

    • Partner closely with national believers/churches

    • Leave when appropriate; establish exit parameters

    • Select appropriate technology for situation

    • Emphasize safety and safety standards

    • Seek sustainability, financially and otherwise


Values1

Values

  • Focus on learning/research/using information

  • Define and measure effectiveness

  • Speed the path to the field; show agility on the field

  • Consider God-honoring business applications

  • Smaller aircraft have a place

  • Internships must meet objectives (not just exposure)

  • Users pay portion of costs

  • Variety in the enterprise is good


Concerns

Concerns

  • In relative frequency of mention

    • Cost of aviation for nationals (and expats)

    • Government resistance/regulation

    • Rising operational costs (and currency devaluation)

    • Students failing to get to field due to cost, debt and distractions

    • Supply of students

    • Insurance costs


Concerns1

Concerns

  • Service providers staying too long

  • Changing technology (training, certification)

  • Declining funding sources/trends

  • Avgas supply

  • Agencies less likely to place missionaries in isolated locations


Opportunities

Opportunities

  • In relative frequency of mention

    • Internship opportunities for trainees

    • Low-tech/simple tech (Steve Saint)

    • Mission-Business ventures and models

    • Partnership/consultation with governments on infrastructure

    • Cargo capacity – more stuff, fewer trips (Kodiak)

    • Second-career people/volunteers

    • Secular schools supplying students


Opportunities1

Opportunities

  • Humanitarian opportunities in closed places

  • Airstrip construction in areas where governments are committed to providing services

  • Pilots returning from the field (training, promoting)

  • Tentmaking opportunities for trainees

  • Need of nationals to learn English

  • Use of commercial pilots for short-term needs

  • Navigation technology

  • Community air service


Opportunities2

Opportunities

  • Group insurance

  • Microaviation – small-scale do-it-alls

  • FBOs lying dormant

  • Running national training institutions


Needs

Needs

  • Relative frequency of mention

    • Intentionally reduce dependence on expats

    • Speed the transition to new aircraft

    • Recruit more people

    • Help trainees get field ready (skill & finances)

    • Measure opportunity/effectiveness

    • Evaluate viability of new tech applications

    • Market the benefits to users, churches


Needs1

Needs

  • Intentionally seek national administrators (not just technicians)

  • Adopt standards across organizations as appropriate (unity without uniformity)

  • Understand total cost/investment

  • Train pilots and trainees on diesel/turbine

  • Communicate better across agencies

  • Recruit people with business acumen


What others see

What Others See


Internet survey of potential users

Internet Survey of Potential Users

  • Internet survey of field leaders whose agencies work among remote peoples

  • Offline version made available

  • Languages: English, Spanish, Portuguese

  • Recruiting sources emphasized global South

    • WEA Mission Commission Associates (global)

    • Ethne 2006 email list (primarily Asia)

    • Comibam email list (Latin America)

    • MANI network regional leaders


Internet survey of potential users1

Internet Survey of Potential Users

  • Survey billed as “Remote Peoples and Mission Transportation Survey” to avoid potential response bias

  • 40+ data points, including attitude/behavior ratings, 2 open-ended questions, demographics

  • Respondents asked to identify themselves by name and mission organization

  • 119 valid responses from approximately 800 invitations (approx. 15% response)


Involvement with remote peoples

Involvement with Remote Peoples

  • Respondents asked about relationship with remote peoples

  • Those not directly engaged with remote peoples were filtered out, as were aviation service providers

  • Reporting based on 82 responses


Demographics

Demographics

  • 83% of responses from people living in the majority world

  • Half of respondents live in Latin America

  • For most measures, no bias based on region of residence


Demographics1

Demographics

  • Most respondents represent missions active in multiple regions


Demographics2

Demographics

  • Mix of national-oriented and expat-oriented missions

  • Relatively few missions have a balance of missionaries from both types of countries


Demographics3

Demographics

  • More than half of respondents from smaller missions;

  • Nearly 4 in 10 from missions with more than 100 field staff


Attitudes challenges in ministry

Attitudes: Challenges in Ministry

  • Top challenges:

    • Access

    • Health/Security Concerns


Attitudes use of big grant

Attitudes: Use of Big Grant

  • Aviation is complex, so no surprise to see it low on priority list

  • Other responses related to aviation:

    • Telecommunications

    • Transport Services


Attitudes transport problems

Attitudes: Transport Problems

  • Expense is top problem; a challenge for aviation

  • Cargo transport is an opportunity for aviation

  • Also, to a lesser degree, speed, safety & reliability


Behaviors travel modes

Behaviors: Travel Modes

  • Air travel used moderately, as is boat and foot travel

  • Boat use much higher in Latin America than Africa or Asia


Behaviors aviation usage

Behaviors: Aviation Usage

  • Second half of survey specific to aviation

  • Mission aviation not seen as available in many areas

    • Unavailable?

    • Unaware?

  • 1 in 4 missions note use of aviation at some level


Attitudes barriers to aviation use

Attitudes: Barriers to Aviation Use

  • Confirms cost issue and perception of unavailability

  • Few have problem with use of planes generally


Anticipated behavior if given aircraft

Anticipated Behavior: If Given Aircraft

  • 2 of 3 missions would keep a plane if given one

  • Only 1 in 8 would sell it outright rather than work to keep it in mission service


Attitudes mission aviation

Attitudes: Mission Aviation

  • In general, strong support for use of aviation in mission


Analysis ideas

Analysis/Ideas


Analysis ideas1

Analysis / Ideas

  • Marketing/Communications

    • Movement from reactive to proactive, especially among agencies that have few North Americans

    • Awareness: Potential users should be aware of the opportunities to use mission aviation service

    • Benefits of mission aviation should be more intentionally communicated to potential users (transportation consulting)

    • Grants for marketing could be tied to follow-up funding based on increases in requests for service


Analysis ideas2

Analysis / Ideas

  • Failure to Get to the Field

    • With partner approach (schools/bridge/agency), no one accompanies student through the whole process

    • Students aren’t sure what they want to do; they need an advocate/counselor

    • Potential role for IAMA or others: membership-based career service for Christian aviation students

    • Could include internship clearinghouse

    • Should include commercial options, especially given expanding nature of “mission”


Analysis ideas3

Analysis / Ideas

  • Failure to Remain on the Field

    • Missionaries less likely to stay for a full career;especially an issue for aviation due to initial cost

    • Lots of roles at home for former field staff, but…

    • …they can’t be publicized, because the staff are so needed on the field

    • Require a portion of support placed in a deferred fund, with substantial bonuses for extended service

    • Allow home assignments to be made public and given honor


Analysis ideas4

Analysis / Ideas

  • The Struggle to Integrate Nationals

    • Agencies committed to development of national leaders, but training is a challenge & funding difficult

    • Meanwhile, agencies note that most people give to individual aviators, not agencies

    • Consider expat-national counterpart program

      • Expat raises support for self and for counterpart

      • Churches more likely to provide support w/link to national


Analysis ideas5

Analysis / Ideas

  • What to Do With Second-Career Pilots?

    • Do something!

    • Research shows that pilots over 60 are no more of a risk than those under 35 (though they may not be able to fly into 15o-slope jungle strips)

    • Increasing opportunities for short-term or contract relief work, international flight training, mentoring

    • As likely to get a decade or more of service from them as from many younger pilots


Phase 3 future scenarios

Phase 3: Future Scenarios


Process

Process

  • Identify and prioritize evaluation criteria

  • Identify and describe models/scenarios

  • Evaluate scenarios

    • Underlying assumptions

    • Anticipated/required conditions

    • Preferability based on criteria


Evaluation criteria

Evaluation Criteria

  • Initial set of criteria, based on Phase 2 input:

    • Consistency with agency’s mission, vision, calling

    • Effective use of technology and information

    • Effective use of staff gifts and talents

    • Effective partnership with national churches

    • Effective cooperation/unity with other agencies and senders

    • Ability to reach/impact many people

    • Ability to impact areas traditionally closed to Christian work

    • Ability to address needs that cannot be met otherwise

    • Long-term viability of strategy

    • Ability to mobilize human and financial resources

  • How would you or your agency prioritize these?

  • What additional criteria would you add?


Potential models scenarios

Potential Models/Scenarios

  • The following slides outline a series of potential models/scenarios for the future of mission aviation

  • Most of these have been inspired by suggestions from mission-aviation stakeholders

  • Other models/scenarios may be added; suggestions are welcomed


Agile provider

Agile Provider

  • Summary: Servant of All, using efficiencies of scale to conduct a wide variety of aviation services, rapidly deploying and redeploying to maximize existing and emerging opportunities in a dynamic environment

  • Core Activities

    • Monitoring/evaluating opportunities

    • Logistics – managing resources for efficiency & effectiveness

    • Funding likely to come from many sources

    • Partnership with ministry and secular entities


Agile provider1

Agile Provider

  • Extension/Partnership ActivitiesAbility to establish alternative/subsidiary corporate structures, as needed

    • Coordination with alternative travel modes

    • Coordination with rural-development initiatives

  • Credit: Dave Bochman, MAF


Vertically integrated agency

Vertically Integrated Agency

  • Summary: Servant of the Sending Church, providing an efficient, integrated path for missionaries focused on learning and serving within a particular context.

  • Core Activities

    • Recruiting/Training/Certifying/Deploying

    • Internship Programs

    • Scholarship/Debt Management

    • FBO Management


Vertically integrated agency1

Vertically Integrated Agency

  • Extension/Partnership Activities

    • Partnership with Local Churches (short-term transport, interships, etc.)

    • FBO investment-opportunity evaluation

    • Consultant to other agencies

  • Credit: Don Starlin, Adventist World Aviation


Tribal mobility advocate

Tribal Mobility Advocate

  • Summary: Servant to Indigenous Peoples, assisting in implementation of aviation and other mobility efforts at the initiative of local leadership using appropriate technologies

  • Core Activities

    • Evaluating/monitoring tribal mobility needs and interests

    • Connecting needs with appropriate technology

    • Identifying creative, appropriate financing

    • Training

    • Monitoring & Evaluating Effectiveness

    • Developing Models


Tribal mobility advocate1

Tribal Mobility Advocate

  • Extension/Partnership Activities

    • Public Advocacy/Awareness

    • Micro-enterprise Development

    • Identifying/Opening Markets for Tribal Produce/Goods

  • Credit: Steve Saint, I-TEC

  • Secular parallel: Survival International


Airdrop airlink services

Airdrop/Airlink Services

  • Summary: Air-based Servant of Isolated Rural Peoples, focusing on providing broad access to services with limited ground-based infrastructure

  • Core Activities

    • Identifying and communicating opportunities/needs 

    • Manned and unmanned air drop of community development resources (health, education)

    • Air-based communication network

    • Collaborating with national/international entities


Airdrop airlink services1

Airdrop/Airlink Services

  • Extension/Partnership Activities

    • Literacy training

    • Medical missions

    • Microenterprise development (UAV delivery service)

    • Telecommunications partnerships

    • Christian broadcast/content providers

  • Credit: Robert Nicholls, Airdrop


Volunteer driven cost leader

Volunteer-driven Cost Leader

  • Summary: Servant to National Church Initiatives by providing restored aircraft and human resources, relying primarily on volunteer and contract labor

  • Core Activities:

    • Evaluating national needs and initiatives

    • Acquiring/restoring aircraft

    • Recruiting experienced volunteer and short-term laborers


Volunteer driven cost leader1

Volunteer-driven Cost Leader

  • Extension/Partnership Activities:

    • Remote maintenance

    • Short-term trips

    • Partnership with corporate goodwill programs of aviation suppliers

  • Credit: Doug Clements, Wings of Hope


Infrastructure specialist

Infrastructure Specialist

  • Summary: Servant to community development, sacrificing overt ministry opportunities to be an effective partner with national governments and the international development community.

  • Core Activities

    • Providing Community Air Service

    • Providing Consulting Services (to help establish standards & regulation, criteria for service/evaluation)

    • Providing Education (training, value of air travel)

    • Collaborating with National/International Entities


Infrastructure specialist1

Infrastructure Specialist

  • Extension/Partnership Activities

    • Community Health

    • Hospitality Development

    • Tourism Development

    • Medical Services Development

    • Transportation Systems Integration

  • Credit: Jon Lewis, Partners International


Provider cooperative

Provider Cooperative

  • Summary: Servant of Service Providers, enabling small and not-so-small operators to gain the advantages of standardization, collective bargaining, shared communication, etc.

  • Core Activities:

    • Developing cooperative membership (recruiting, serving, informing)

    • Developing standards and cooperative initiatives

    • Negotiating with suppliers

    • Coordinating grant-seeking efforts (shared and independent)

    • Monitoring activities to limit duplication of effort


Provider cooperative1

Provider Cooperative

  • Extension/Partnership Activities:

    • Partnering with training institutes to develop aviator-development efficiencies

    • Potential partnership with a commercial counterpart

  • Credit: Jon Egeler, MSI & John Armstrong, IAMANon-aviation Parallel: Parable Christian Stores


Pioneer specialist

Pioneer Specialist

  • Summary: Servant of Pioneer Missions, opening access to locations where ministry is not yet occurring

  • Core Activities:

    • Surveying Needs/Opportunities/Sustainability

    • Assisting in developing initial relationships in coordination with pioneer mission agencies

    • Helipad/Airstrip Construction

    • Efficient Entry/Exit Strategies

    • Multi-modal transportation logistics


Pioneer specialist1

Pioneer Specialist

  • Extension/Partnership Activities:

    • Network of aviation partners to sustain service

    • Disaster Assistance (access reconstruction)

  • Inspirations: Helimission, JAARS


Global training specialist

Global Training Specialist

  • Summary: Servant of Students, providing varied, extensive training on a globally distributed basis

  • Core Activities:

    • Establishing Distributed Training Centers (or network of training-center partners)

    • Recruiting/Qualifying Students

    • Monitoring Mission Aviator Demand/Supply

    • Developing Incentives for Mission Service


Global training specialist1

Global Training Specialist

  • Extension/Partnership Activities:

    • Aviator Student Fellowships

    • ESL Language Training

    • Cultural-exchange Programs

    • Strategic Relationships with Commercial Airlines

    • Business-development


Jim mcgee global mapping international jim@gmi org

Jim McGee

Global Mapping International

[email protected]


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