Vocabulary chapter 4 groups 16 18
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Vocabulary Chapter 4 Groups 16-18. “De-: “down,” “down from,” “opposite of” “ dis -”: “opposite of,” “differently,” “apart,” “away” “se-”: “apart”. Decadent. (literally, “falling down”) deteriorating; growing worse; declining The decadent rooming house was once a flourishing hotel.

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Vocabulary Chapter 4 Groups 16-18

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Vocabulary chapter 4 groups 16 18

Vocabulary Chapter 4 Groups 16-18

“De-: “down,” “down from,” “opposite of”

“dis-”: “opposite of,” “differently,” “apart,” “away”

“se-”: “apart”


Decadent

Decadent

  • (literally, “falling down”) deteriorating; growing worse; declining

    • The decadent rooming house was once a flourishing hotel


Deciduous

deciduous

  • Having leavesa that fall off at the end of the growing season; shedding leaves

    • Maple, elm, birch, and other deciduous trees lose their leasve in the fall.


Demented

demented

  • Out of (down from) one’s mind; mad; insane; deranged

    • Whoever did this must have been demented; no sane person would have acted in such a way.


Demolish

demolish

  • Pull or tear down; destroy; raze; wreck

    • A wrecking crew is demolishing the old buiding.


Demote

demote

  • Move down in grade or rank; degrade; downgrade

    • For being absent without leave, the corporal was demoted to private.


Dependent

dependent

  • (literally, “hanging down from”) unable to exist without the support of another

    • Children are dependent on their parents until they are able to earn their own living.


Depreciate

depreciate

  • 1. go down in value or price

    • New automobiles depreciate rapidly, byt antiques tend to go up in value.

    • 2. Speak slightly of; belittle; disparage

    • The store manager weould feel you are depreciating him if you refer to his as the “head clerk.”


Despise

despise

  • Look down on ; scorn; feel contempt for; abhor; disdain

    • Benedict Arnold was despised by his fellow Americans for betraying his country.


Deviate

Deviate

  • Turn aside, or down (from a route or rule); stray; wander; digress

    • Dr. Parker does not see a patient without an appointment, except in an emergency, and she does not deviate from this policy.


Devour

devour

  • (literally, “gulp down”) eat greedily; eat like a animal

    • Wendy must have been starved; she devoured her food.


Discontent

discontent

  • (usually followed be with) opposite of “content”; dissatisfied; discontented; disgruntled

    • Dan was discontent with the mark on this Spanish exam; he had expected at lest ten points more.


Discredit

discredit

  • Disbelieve; refuse to trust

    • The parents discredited the child’s story, since he was in the habit of telling falsehoods.


Discrepancy

discrepancy

  • Disagreement; difference; inconsistency; variation

    • The first witness said the incident had occurred at 10:00a.m., but the second witness insisted the time was 10:45. This discrepancy puzzled the police.


Disintegrate

disintegrate

  • Do the opposite of “integrate” (make into a whole); break into bits; crumble; decay

    • The driveway needs to be resurfaced; it is beginning to disintegrate.


Dispassionate

dispassionate

  • The opposite of “passionate” (showing strong feeling); calm, composed, impartial

    • For a dispassionate account of how the fight started, ask a neutral observer, not a participant.


Disrepair

disrepair

  • Opposite of good condition or repair; bad condition

    • The new owner did not take proper care of the building, and ir soon fell into dierepair.


Dissent

dissent

  • Feel differently; differ in opinion; disagree

    • When the matter was put to a vote, 29 agreed and 4 dissented.


Dissident

dissident

  • (literally, “sitting apart”) not agreeing; dissenting; nonconformist

    • The compromise was welcomed by all the strikers except a small dissident group who felt that the raises were too small.


Distract

distract

  • Draw away, or divert the attention of; confuse; bewilder

    • When the bus s in motion, passengers should do nothing to distract the driver.


Secede

secede

  • (literally, “go apart”) withdraw from an organization or federation

    • When Lincoln was elected President in 1860, South Carolina seceded from the Union.


Secession

secession

  • (literally, “a going apart”) withdrawal from an organization or federation

    • South Carolina’s secession was followed by that of ten other states and led to the formation of the Confederacy.


Seclude

seclude

  • Keep apart from the others; place in solitutde; isolate; sequester

    • Leighann was so upset over losing her job that she secluded herself and refused to see anyone.


Secure

secure

  • 1. apart, or free, from care, fear, or worry; confident, assured

    • Are you worried about passin, or do you feel secure?

    • 2. Safe against loss, attack, or danger

      • Guests who want their valuables to be secure are urged to deposit them in the hotel vault.


Sedition

sedition

  • Going apart from, or against, an established government; action, speech, or writing to overthrow the government; insurrection, treason

    • The signers of the Declaration of Independence, if captured by the enemy, would probably have been tried for sedition.


Segregate

segregate

  • (literally, “set apart from the herd”) separate from the main body; isolate

    • During the swim period, the nonswimmers are segregated from the rest of our group to receive special instruction.


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