UPA Package 2, Module 5. LAND TITLING PRACTICES. What Is Land Titling?. Land titling is the generic term used to describe programs implemented by the State to enable individuals and the State to efficiently trade in rights in land and property. Why Title Rights in Land?. Developing Countries
LAND TITLING PRACTICES
Land titling is the generic term used todescribe programs implemented by the State to enable individuals and the State to efficiently trade in rights in land and property
– A Simple Economic Model
Land Titling may be undertaken for a number of reasons:
Status of Land Titling and Administration Projects
Characteristics of Typical Projects
Typical Project Components
Currently the World Bank is supporting at least 13 implemented land titling and registration projects with a total loan value of about US$550 million.
The TLTP is a 20 year program begun by the Royal Thai Government (RTG) in late 1984. The TLTP was planned in four phases.
TLTP I (1984-1990), TLTP II (1990-1994) and TLTP III (1995-1999), and TLTP IV (2000-2004). Foregoing three phases have all been funded by RTG counterpart funding, loans from the World Bank and grant assistance from AusAID. The project will enter its thirteenth year on 1 October 1996 and thus has a significant track record.
Most of Lima's massive expansion has been driven by poor migrant families from the countryside who have built their homes on the city's dusty peryphery
Without legal property titles, children had to stay home from school while parents were at work so it would not be seized by another homeless group.
Without proof of ownership, homeowners are unable to get credit from banks for home repairs such as fixing leaking roofs or installing pipes For running water. They have very little connection with the state, and no one enforces their rights as citizens.
In 1998, a $38 million World Bank Loan was approved to support legal registration of 960,000 urban properties in Peru. Combined with $24 million from the Government of Peru, the project has already outperformed its original plan with over 1.3 million homeowners having registered their properties. And demand is growing.
The principal objective of this project is to create a system assuring formal and sustainable rights to real property in selected, predominantly poor, settlements in larger urban areas. The project supports a national program for formalizing urban property rights (issuing and registering titles). Through legal and institutional improvements, training, and the development of long-term strategies, it also strengthens the organizations responsible for this program.
Project managers worked with street actors to devise a life-size board game to show residents how the legalization process works.
An innovative communications effort that includes comics and video has been key to the project's success, but staff finds that word of mouth is just as effective: "The beneficiaries themselves are the project's biggest supporters."
Nicomedes Mejía and his wife Adela Espinoza had lived in the Tacalá urban settlement outside Lima for more than 15 years before obtaining the title to their house with the help of the project. With their ownership secured, they used home equity to guarantee a mortgage their son Luis, a schoolteacher, took out to build a school in the neighborhood.Peru Urban Property Rights Project
The Benefits of the Project the Tacalá urban settlement outside Lima for more than 15 years before obtaining the title to their house with the help of the project. With their ownership secured, they used home equity to guarantee a mortgage their son Luis, a schoolteacher, took out to build a school in the neighborhood.
A socio-economic study has shown that:
Land titling has lead to an increased level of
employment in households – an average of 45
hours per week;
Land titling is associated with a significant decline
in the proportion of households who use their
residence as a source of economic activity
Land titles appear to reduce the household demand
for child labour in a majority of households