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Forum Objectives. To update Specialty Poultry Producers on Avian influenza: AI virus Domestic and wild bird interface AI public health risk

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Forum Objectives

  • To update Specialty Poultry Producers on Avian influenza:

    AI virus

    Domestic and wild bird interface

    AI public health risk

  • To describe government funding programs for the specialty bird industry

  • To encourage membership in the Specialty Bird Association

  • To provide information on the emergency response data base and request specialty industry involvement

    Forum sponsored by the UBC, SBA, MAL and SBRC committee

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Specialty Bird Research

  • MAL Grant $1.5 million – 10 Years + interest

  • Purpose: To assist industry to be competitive, overcome constraints to growth and be sustainable through research in:

    • Economics and marketing

    • Biology and genetics

    • Environment

    • Production and management

    • Food science

  • Develop over the long run enhanced poultry research expertise and resources at UBC to service the industry

  • UBC’s grant; Directed by a framework; Guided by the SBRC industry/UBC/ PARC/MAL

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    Specialty Birds

    • TC’s, TC crosses, Hong Kong Golden, Blue Legged, Silkies

    • Organic broilers and organic layers, free run and free range egg layers

    • Waterfowl including ducks and geese

    • Ratites including emu and ostrich

    • Squab, Pheasants, Wild Turkey, Quail, Partridge, Tinamou and Guinea Fowl

    • Other birds as agreed upon by the SBRC and authorized by MAL

    • Supply managed and non supply managed specialty birds

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    Dr. Kimberly Cheng

    Dr. Jim Thompson


    Dr. Valerie Stevens

    Dr. Fred Silversides


    Ken Falk

    Jack Vandraager

    George Pang

    Dr. Bill Code

    Rod Reid


    Stewart Paulson

    Specialty Bird Research Advisory Committee (SBRC)

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    SBRC Role

    • Advises on priorities

    • Identifies expertise and linkages

    • Plans and budgets research

    • Allocates funding to approved projects

    • Leverages funding

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    Application Procedure

    • Idea from industry submitted to an SBRC member

    • SBRC member submits preliminary proposal to SBRC

    • Detailed proposal - sponsor and researcher

    • UBC researchers must be involved – “not a grant to others program”


    • Challenges: Depleted research resources, facilities, staff, students, lack of industry organization

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    Projects – “Go status”

    • Balut

    • Tinamou Salvage

    • Taiwan Conference

    • Alternative Housing for Layers

    • Robotic Squab Feeder

    • Emu Oil Carotenoids/Impact on Artheriosclerosis Development

    • Variation in Disease Resistance Genes in Local and Commercial Layers

    • Squab Production Manual-biosecurity

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    Duck Balut (partially incubated duck embryos)


    • Identify CCP’s for balut production and marketing

    • Gather data to develop risk mitigation strategies and sound regulations


    • Lack of scientific information on risks associated with balut production and marketing

      Status: Analysis and summarization

      Sponsor/Researcher: Ken Falk/ Drs. Cheng and Byrne

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    Tinamou Salvage


    • To maintain the tinamou line for commercial development


    • The unique Tinamou flock developed by UBC has commercially attractive production attributes– worth salvaging


    • Tinamou is commercially placed and undergoing flock expansion in preparation for a selection program

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    Taiwan Conference


    • To transfer information on AI in wild birds to BC

    • To build contacts and seek opportunities for joint projects


    • H5 has been identified in wild birds in world fly ways. Wanted information on risks to domestic fowl

    • Opportunities for joint research projects with Asia

      Status: Drs. Robinson and Cheng attended

      Presentation of salient concepts re: AI surveillance

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    Alternative Housing for Layers


    • To determine the effect of housing systems on production and welfare of hen strains


    • To exploit growing domestic and export markets for eggs from less intensive systems

    • To respond to growing public concerns re: caged egg housing


    • Planning stage/ Alta Funding Consortium, PIC, Alta Farm Animal Care and Alta Egg Board


    • Dr. Silversides, Dr. Cheng, John Church, Nigel Cook, John Feddes, Doug Korver

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    Robotic Squab Feeder


    • To develop a robotic squab feeder for improved production efficiency through faster recycling, more eggs, lower costs and improved disease control


    • Pigeons produce 8-14 squab per year if young are raised by parent. If the young are removed from the parents and brooded artificially, production could be increased to 35 to 40 squab per year

      Status: Camera setup with computerized direct DVD recording

      Sponsor/Researcher: George Pang/Dr. K. Cheng

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    Emu oil


    • To determine if the antioxidant and anti inflammatory properties of emu oil slow down atherosclerosis onset

    • To characterize the antioxidant carotenoid profile of emu oil


    • To exploit the opportunities for emu oil in the high value medical and nutriceutical markets

      Sponsors/Researchers: Drs. Code, Cheng and Godin

      CK Life Sciences - Dr. Luk

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    Survey of Disease Resistance Genes in Layers and Broilers


    • To measure the variation in disease resistance genes in the local and commercial layer lines of poultry


    • Many stocks used in the specialty industry originated from Asia and may be genetically divergent from commercial stocks and may be able to contribute to our genetic resources for disease resistance

      Sponsors/ researchers:

      Egg Marketing Board Scholarship,

      Drs. Cheng, Fulton and Lamont, grad student Izadi

      Pacific Egg and Poultry Association funding

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    Squab Production Manual


    • Provide a bmp manual for BC pigeon producers


    • Disease prevention through good management practices is highly cost effective

    • Biosecurity and disease control through technology and management advances

      Sponsor/Author/Researcher: Drs. Marini, Cheng and Bowes

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    Preliminary Proposals

    • Ivermectin – off label use for pigeons/residue

      Reinhardt Gromueller

    • Quail value added egg products/tech transfer

      Evert Vandenborn

    • Diatomaceous earth for internal parasite control- preliminary literature review - in vitro work

      Rod Reid

    • Squab body wt/feather pattern - selection program

      Walter and Al Bergen

    • Selenium eggs- nutritionally enhanced eggs

      Ralph Van Nuys

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    Develop your ideas!!

    • Take the opportunity provided by research

    • Enhance your competitiveness

    • Ensure your sustainability

    • Grow your business

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    Alternative Housing

    • Small bodied leghorn, Lohman White, commercial Brown and Shaver Brown Egg Cross x conventional cage, furnished and free run

    • Egg numbers, egg quality, feed conversion, bone density, feather condition

    • Prelay and nesting behaviors, roosting, preening, dust bathing and aggression and avoidance behaviors


    • Planning stage/ Alta Funding Consortium, PIC, Alta Farm Animal Care and Alta Egg Board


    • Dr. Silversides, Dr. Cheng, John Church, Nigel Cook, John Feddes, Doug Korver

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    Survey of Disease Resistance Genes

    • 6 non-commercial flocks and 3 commercial lines will be screened for 12 immune related genes

    • MHC - A series of genes that produce immunoglobulins will be compared across flocks lines

    • Sponsors: Egg Board Scholarship, Dr. Cheng, Susan

      Lamont, Fariba Izadi

      Pacific Egg and Poultry Association


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    Emu oil

    • Characterize antioxidant/carotenoid profile of emu oil compared to other poultry oils

    • In vitro work on antioxidant properties of emu oil on human blood cells

    • Tests of emu oil mixed with CKBN-01 (soybean derived natural food supplement) using SUS quail line as a model

      Sponsors/Researchers: Dr. Code, K. Cheng, Dr. Godin, Dr. Luk

    • CK Life Sciences ?

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    Duck Balut, con’t

    • Testing eggs at the production level for pathogens - AHC

    • Measure shelf life and quality and safety impacts of storing balut at different temperatures

    • Market research at the retail level

      Status: Analysis and summarization

      Sponsor/Researcher: Ken Falk/ Dr. Cheng/Dr. Byrne

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    Survey of Disease Resistance Genes


    • Identify genetic variability in disease resistance in free range and organic production flocks

    • Examine specificity of avian influenza receptors in these flocks

    • Examine the association of the immune response variability with production traits

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    Robotic Squab Feeder

    • Study feeding behavior

    • Hand feeding experiments – rates, training, frequency, brooding temperatures

    • Designing and testing robotic brooder

      Status: Camera setup with computerized direct DVD recording

      Sponsor/Researcher: George Pang/Dr. K. Cheng