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Classroom Observation (CO). Presenter: CamilaWu ShinDong Junior High School [email protected] Are you satisfied with your teaching?. How do you like your own teaching?. How do you promote your English teaching?. Brainstorming. We should not work alone.

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Classroom observation co

Classroom Observation (CO)

Presenter: CamilaWu

ShinDong Junior High School

[email protected]

Are you satisfied with your teaching
Are you satisfied with your teaching?

  • How do you like your own teaching?

We should not work alone
We should not work alone.

  • Feeling lonely in the journey of teaching….

Definition of classroom observation
Definition of Classroom Observation

  • One effective mean of learning how certain teaching methods are employed in the schools, how classrooms are organized, and how students respond to the classroom environment (Reed & Bergemann, 2005, 9)


  • Did you ever observe colleague’s teaching? Or were you ever observed????

  • Was it a positive or negative experience? Why?


  • What kinds of useful information about teaching could be gathered through observation?

Why is classroom observation needed
Why is “classroom observation” needed????

  • It provides stimulus and ideas for ways of exploring one’s own teaching by observing other teachers and classroom in action

  • By having one’s own teaching/classroom observed for the purpose of continued learning and exploration

Why observe
Why observe?????

  • Provide an opportunity for the sharing of ideas and expertise, as well as a chance to discuss problems and concerns

  • Get feedback on one’s teaching

  • Develop self-awareness of one’s own teaching

  • A component of teacher development

Are you willing being observed
Are you willing being observed?

  • Why? Or Why not?

  • Brainstorming/Discussion……

Would you like to observe t s teaching
Would you like to observe T’s teaching?

  • Let’s do it now.

  • (English-T.Slater)

What do you see in the video
What do you see in the video?

  • What questions would you like to ask the teacher?

  • Is there anything you feel unclear and you need more explanation?

Guiding principles for observing 1
Guiding Principles for Observing-1

  • Observers need to maintain a sensitive awareness of the potential for vulnerability that inevitably accompanies any observation of teaching

  • The presence of a visitor inevitable affects the classroom dynamics.

  • Observers need to realize that the samples of data brought from the classroom are inevitably limited, and that sweeping generalizations should be avoided.

Guiding principles for observing 2
Guiding Principles for Observing-2

  • Sometimes the task will entail some preliminary collaboration and co-operation with the teacher who is going to be observed.

  • It is important to share with the observed teacher any follow-up discussions about the lesson

  • The experience has to be meaningful, rewarding and non-threatening to all involved.

General guidelines
General Guidelines

  • Observation should have a focus

  • Should use specific procedures

  • The observer should remain an observer.

    ( objective/ not judgmental)


    According to my observation notes, I would like to know if…..

Suggested procedures for co
Suggested Procedures for CO

  • Arrange a pre-observation orientation session

  • Identify a focus for the observation

  • Employ appropriate procedures to suit the purpose of the observation

  • Carry out the observation

  • Arrange a post-observation session (interview)

A pre observation orientation session
A Pre-observation Orientation Session

  • The nature of the class observed

  • The kind of material being taught

  • The teacher’s approach to teaching

  • The kinds of students in the class

  • Typical pattern of interaction and class participation

Identify a focus for the observation
Identify a Focus for the Observation

Typical “how-to” dimensions of teaching include the following:

How the teacher__________

  • starts and ends a lesson

  • allots time within a lesson

  • assigns tasks to students

  • organizes learning groups

  • supervises students when they are learning

  • asks questions

How does the teacher ask qs
How does the teacher ask Qs?

  • What kind of questions does the teacher ask most often? Yes/No? Either/or? Wh-? Tag?

  • What is the content of the teacher’s questions?

  • How long does the teacher wait after asking a question to get a response?

How does the teacher ask qs1
How does the teacher ask Qs?

  • How does the teacher give instructions?

  • How much time does it take?

  • Do students know what to do after being given the instructions?

Other topics that for co 1
Other topics that for CO-1

  • Teacher’s language use

  • Organization of the lesson

  • Time management

  • Main teaching activities

  • Ss’ performance of tasks

Other topics that for co 2
Other topics that for CO-2

  • Time on tasks

  • T’s Qs and Ss’ responses

  • Pair and group work

  • Classroom interaction

  • Classroom management

  • Use of the textbook

3 ways employed to suit the purpose of the observation
3 Ways ---Employed to Suit the Purpose of the Observation

  • Written Narrative-

  • Field Notes

  • checklists

Written narrative
Written Narrative

  • The language use should be objective and precise

  • Any form of evaluation should be avoided

  • Advantages

  • disadvantages

Field notes
Field Notes

  • Brief descriptions in note form of key events that occurred throughout the lesson, including interpretations of incidents, where relevant

  • Advantages

  • disadvantages


  • A structured inventory listing feature of a lesson that the observer completes as he or she observes the lesson

  • Advantages

  • disadvantages


  • The observer’s function should be limited to that of gathering information

  • The observer should not be involved in evaluating a teacher’s lesson

  • Non-evaluative observation within the context of professional development is often welcomed by teachers.

During the observation
During the Observation

  • Using the procedures that both parties have agreed on

  • Careful observation

  • Collect data—keep records

During the observation1
During the Observation

  • avoid setting up negative or hostile currents in the classroom

  • Take every care to minimize the intrusion

  • Effective observation: being objective

A post observation session
A Post-observation Session

  • Observers and obseree meet as soon as possible after the lesson

  • The observers report on the information collected during the lesson and discusses it with the observee

Examples of classroom observation
examples of Classroom Observation


  • (English-T.Slater)


  • (T-Chang)


  • (Gept-reading T-Han)


  • Ruth, Wajnryb. (1992) Classroom Observation Tasks. United Kindom: Cambridge University Press

  • Yueh-kuei, Hsu. (2010) Classroom Observation and Post-observation Interview given in a workshop

  • (T-Chang)


  • (Gept-reading T-Han)