Interrogating poetry with tpcastt
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Interrogating Poetry with TPCASTT. Fire and Ice by Robert Frost . Fire and Ice by Robert Frost. Some say the world will end in fire, Some say in ice. From what I’ve tasted of desire I side with those who favor fire. But if I had to perish twice, 5 I think I know enough of hate

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Fire and Ice by Robert Frost

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Interrogating poetry with tpcastt

Interrogating Poetry with TPCASTT

Fire and Ice by Robert Frost


Fire and ice by robert frost

Fire and Ice by Robert Frost

Some say the world will end in fire,

Some say in ice.

From what I’ve tasted of desire

I side with those who favor fire.

But if I had to perish twice, 5

I think I know enough of hate

To say that for destruction ice

Is also great

And would suffice.


Review of tpcastt strategy

Review of TPCASTT Strategy:

  • T – Title

  • P – Paraphrase

  • C – Connotations (the images, figurative language, word choices, allusions, symbols)

  • A – Attitude

  • S – Shift

  • T – Title (again)

  • T - THEME


Initial title analysis and predictions

Initial Title Analysis and Predictions:

Fire and Ice

  • Opposites

  • Why are these words in a title together?

  • What might you predict the poem will be about?

  • HINT:

  • Be sure to know all meanings of words in titles

  • Consider how the words in a title relate you each other, other literary works, you, and the world


Time to paraphrase

Time to Paraphrase:

Some say the world will end in fire,

Some say in ice.

From what I’ve tasted of desire

I side with those who favor fire.

To Paraphrase:

The speaker believes fire and desire are related. From previous experience with desire, the author thinks the world will end in fire.

HINT:

Be sure to look up any words you don’t know.

Put into your own words lines or entire stanzas from the poem.

Don’t be fooled by a short poem. Sometimes those short poems are full of ideas.


Paraphrasing cont d

Paraphrasing cont’d:

But if I had to perish twice, 5

I think I know enough of hate

To say that for destruction ice

Is also great

And would suffice.

Paraphrase:

The author relates hat e with ice and has experienced enough hate to know that it could also destroy the world.


Connotations

Connotations:

  • Fire is a symbol for desire

  • Ice a symbol for hate

    The author’s connections imply that these emotions can end the world.

    These words are also oppositesyet they both will end the world.

    This is a paradox (a contradictory yet true statement), and the author shows us that these extremes can both have the same result.

HINT:

Consider the emotional meanings of words, phrases, images, allusions, figurative language, symbolism.

Make connections among and between words.


Connotations cont d

Connotations (cont’d):

  • “suffice”

    The last word of the last line seems understated compared to the topic of the world ending. The speaker sounds “matter of fact” about the causes of the ending.

HINT:

Look for sarcasm, understatement, and hyperbole to determine emotional connections to topics.


Attitude

Attitude:

  • The speaker’s attitude seems to be nonchalant and matter-of-fact about this conundrum.

  • The attitude connotes a sense of inevitability about the end of the world because desire and hate are common human emotions.

HINT:

Attitude is how the speaker feels about the topic.

What exactly is the topic?


Shift

Shift:

  • A shift occurs in this poem when the author moves from the perspective of “some” to “I”. The shift implies a personal connection and knowledge of how things will end.

HINT:

Look for changes in meter, rhyme scheme, topic, point of view, setting.


Title again

Title (again):

Fire and Ice

Construed as destructive

Does the title really imply the end of the world?

Or the end of something else—maybe a relationship?

HINT:

Think about how the title now has connections to the connotations and attitude in the poem.


Theme

Theme

  • Relationships can be destroyed by wanting something too much (desire) or by hating something too much.

  • This has been connected explicitly to the end of the world (international relations)

  • Implicitly connected to personal relationships through shift in point of view

HINT:

If you are struggling to understand a message, put it together like this:

1. Topic (destruction)

2. Topic phrase (destruction from fire and ice)

3. Theme: Relationships can end from wanting too much or from hating too much.


Conclusion

Conclusion:

T- Title

P- Paraphrase

C- Connotations

A- Attitude

S- Shift

T- Title (again

T- Theme

Do you feel this strategy is an effective way to understand the meaning of a poem?


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