GEOG 1992: Human Geographies November 7, 2007. Concepts to Take Home. What is the tertiary sector? What are services? Why is the tertiary sector geographically significant? How is the tertiary sector affecting the nature of globalization?
November 7, 2007
“Everything you can’t drop on your foot”
Distinctly separate from the primary (agriculture, fishing, mining) and secondary (manufacturing, construction) sectors.
-retail, health, leisure & hospitality
-finance, insurance, real estate, law, architecture, clerical, custodial
-fed/state gov., local gov. (e.g., police, waste management)
Why is it useful to distinguish services from agriculture and industry?
-Indicator of economic development
-Key in theories of cities, towns, and regional development
-Central Place Theory
-Important dimension of globalization
How far would you
- a gallon of milk?
-a new car?
-a diamond ring?
”a force or process that makes something worldwide in scope”
-process of rescaling:
Increasing mobility of and decreasing distance between capital, people, and information.
The GATS covers “any service in any sector”
Just as China has the world’s largest labor force engaged in manufacturing, India has the world’s largest labor force engaged in the service sector.
“According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, programmer unemployment is "only" about 7% because the number of programmers in the workforce has dropped by about 150,000 workers in the last three years.
This is an odd presumption since a record number of foreign programmers entered the U.S. on nonimmigrant visas during this period - roughly another 100,000 in this workforce category.
Unless BLS expects us to believe that the bulk of these workers have been promoted to managers - or retired to the south of France on dot-com stock options - then there should be 800,000 programmers in the U.S. workforce - with only 550,000 currently employed. = 31% unemployment”
I just read about a guy in America who lost his job to India and he made a T-shirt that said, `I lost my job to India and all I got was this [lousy] T-shirt.' And he made all kinds of money." Only in America, would someone figure out how to profit from his own unemployment. And that was the reason America need not fear outsourcing to India: America is so much more innovative a place than any other country.
“But it is precisely these crown jewels that can be squandered if we become lazy, or engage in mindless protectionism, or persist in radical tax cutting that can only erode the strength and quality of our government and educational institutions.”
The following statement best represents my opinion about the outsourcing of service jobs to developing countries.
a) I feel that my post-college job prospects and long-term job stability are threatened by outsourcing and globalization.
b) No need to worry! America is a hotbed of innovation and an economic superpower. That we’ve lost these jobs does not affect my prospects of getting a good job when I graduate.
c) I don’t think my own prospects for employment will be affected, but I feel outsourcing is unfair to American citizens.
d) The world is changing so fast that I sincerely have no idea what I’ll have to deal with when I graduate.
…globalized by the UN-IPCC and the Kyoto Protocol
…commodified into a service and outsourced to India.
This unique service was devised by the UN specifically to alleviate India’s crushing poverty, but instead has contributed to the differentiation of landscape.
Sustainably generated electricity still is neither accessible nor affordable to those who need it most… in some states, 95% of rural households are without electrical connections
India’s neediest do not have enough livestock to produce dung for biogas generators (4 cows/household)
differentiation of economic space in India in a way that reflects both the history of imperialism and the gap between the developed and developing worlds.