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COUNTRY REPORT ON. PAKISTAN. MAP OF PAKISTAN. BASIC FACTS. Official Name:Islamic Republic of Pakistan Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) Head of the State: Asif Ali Zardari, President

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Country report on

COUNTRY REPORT ON

PAKISTAN


Map of pakistan

MAP OF PAKISTAN


Basic facts

BASIC FACTS

Official Name:Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

Head of the State: Asif Ali Zardari, President

Head of Government: Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, Prime Minister

Capital: Islamabad


Country report on

AREA

Total 796,095 Sq. km. 

Punjab 205,344 Sq. km. 

Sindh 140,914  Sq. km.

North West Frontier Province 74,521 Sq.km.

Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.

Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.

Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.


Demography other facts

DEMOGRAPHY & OTHER FACTS

Population: 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)

Religion: 95% Muslims, 5% others.

GDP:5.8%CurrencyPak. Rupee.

Imports: Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore,  petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.

Exports: Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items  carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit

Languages: Urdu (National)  and English (Official)

Literacy rate:53%

Government: Parliamentary form

Parliament: Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).  


Basic facts1

BASIC FACTS

Pakistan National Flag: Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of minorities.

National Anthem: Approved in August, 1954

National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).

National Animal: Markhor.

National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

Fauna: Pheasant, Leopard, Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara


Basic facts2

BASIC FACTS

Popular games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash, Snooker.

Tourist's resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.

Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane

Agricultural Growth Rate: 4.1 % on the average for the last six years--1.5% in 2007-08

Total cropped area: 25.01 million hectares

Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

Energy: Major sources

Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal,  and Liquid Petroleum Gas

Power Generating Capacity: 22763 MW


Employment

EMPLOYMENT

Total Labour force: 46.84 million

Employed Labour Force:  43.22 million

Agriculture Sector: 18.60 million

Manufacturing & Mining sector: 5.96 million

Construction: 2.52 million

Trade: 6.39 million

Transport: 2.48 million

Others 6.98 million  


Famous peaks and passes

FAMOUS PEAKS AND PASSES

Famous Mountain Peaks:

NameHeightWorld Rating

K-2 (Chagori)8616 m2nd

Nanga Parbat 8125 m8th

Gasherbrum-I 8068 m11th

Broad Peak8065 m12th

Gasherbrum-II8047 m 14th

Gasherbrum-III7952 m15th

Gasherbrum-IV7925 m16th

Disteghil Sar7885 m 20th

Famous Passes:The Khyber Pass NWFP; The Kurram Pass FATA:  The Tochi Pass FATA:  The Gomal Pass NWFP:  The Bolan Pass Balochistan:  The Lowari Pass Chitral (NWFP):  The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas 


Causes of increasing poverty in pakistan

CAUSES OF INCREASING POVERTY IN PAKISTAN

High population growth rate

Diversion of resources to non-productive fields

Political instability due to Vested Interests

Lack of Skill Development & Management of HR

Lack of education & Awareness


Income generation activities

INCOME GENERATION ACTIVITIES

Small dams, check dams, gabions and weir should be built to overcome the shortage of water.

There are problems in water management Tail ends do not get enough Water Brick lining of watercourses are required. This will also address the problem of water logging.

There is a potential for agro based industry but incentives are needed for it to grow.

Setting up of sugar mills would promote the sugarcane crop and create job opportunities for the local people.

Elected people and communities should be involved in the development process and monitoring of implementation.

Establishment of agri product and food processing unit should be facilitated.


Income generation activities cont

INCOME GENERATION ACTIVITIES (cont.)

Cold storage facilities for local agricultural produce and establishment of agro export processing zones.

Handicraft industry should be promoted in the area.

Develop suitable marketing channels for cottage industry to ensure proper return to the women folk.

Livestock is the predominant economic activity of the area/ Training should be provided to people for livestock rearing, diseases control and marketing of stock.

Train women and provide credit for marketing of their products.

It was suggested to have Khushali Bank and other micro financing institution to open branches in the district and provision of micro credit to unemployment persons should be enhanced. Ensure easy access to micro credit.

Communication network should be improved to facilitate the local people.


Income generation activities cont1

INCOME GENERATION ACTIVITIES (cont.)

Supply of clean drinking water should be ensured to control the spread of fatal diseases.

Facilitate setting up of small scale industries it would create more income generating and job opportunities.

Explore marketing channels and promote export of local handicrafts.

Introduce modern technologies in agriculture sector and train farmers in the regard to enhance the agricultural production.

Participatory development should be ensured it would create sense of ownership among the people.

Introduce improved tax collection mechanisms and ensure that taxes are spent in the area.

Create more job opportunities by encouraging income generating activities and small and medium industrial activities in the rural areas.


Problems opportunities and channlenges

PROBLEMS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHANNLENGES

STRENGTH

Agriculture.

Fertile Land.

Livestock.

Hardworking manpower

Handicraft industry, especially Sindhi Topies, Rallis and Ajraks.


Problems opportunities and channlenges cont

PROBLEMS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHANNLENGES (cont.)

WEAKNESSES

Shortage of irrigation water.

Shortage of clean drinking water.

Lack of employment opportunities.

Illiteracy.

Law and Order situation.

Lack of health facilities.

Un-employment.

Lack of monitoring mechanism for development activities.

Poor communication network.

Lack of access to justice.

Corruption.

Feudal system.

Lack of industries.


Problems opportunities and channlenges cont1

PROBLEMS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHANNLENGES (cont.)

OPPORTUNITIES

The local Government system with elected persons and communities involved in the development process and in the monitoring of implementation.

Agro-based industry but incentives are needed for it to grow.

Cold storage facilities for local agricultural produce.

Livestock training for livestock rearing, diseases control and marketing of stock. Including women in the process of production and marketing.

Handicraft industry should be promoted in the area.

Small dams can help overcome the shortage of water.

Brick lining of watercourses can help water shortages. Better water management to ensure water availability at the tail ends.

Sugar mills should participate in promotion of better sugarcane varieties and create job opportunities for the local people.


Problems opportunities and channlenges cont2

PROBLEMS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHANNLENGES (cont.)

THREATS

Law and order situation.

Corruption and Injustice.

Feudal system.

Rapid growth of population.

Drought.

Spread of epidemic diseases.

Shortage of clean drinking water leading to the spread of fatal diseases poverty.

Highly terrorism


Country report on

THANK YOU


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