COUNTRY REPORT ON. PAKISTAN. MAP OF PAKISTAN. BASIC FACTS. Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) Head of the State: Asif Ali Zardari, President
Official Name: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State: Asif Ali Zardari, President
Head of Government: Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani, Prime Minister
Total 796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh 140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province 74,521 Sq.km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.
Population: 165 million (estimated)-132 million (1998 census)
Religion: 95% Muslims, 5% others.
GDP: 5.8%CurrencyPak. Rupee.
Imports: Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Exports: Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Languages: Urdu (National) and English (Official)
Literacy rate: 53%
Government: Parliamentary form
Parliament: Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
Pakistan National Flag: Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of minorities.
National Anthem: Approved in August, 1954
National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal: Markhor.
National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna: Pheasant, Leopard, Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara
Popular games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash, Snooker.
Tourist's resorts: Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites: Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities: Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate: 4.1 % on the average for the last six years--1.5% in 2007-08
Total cropped area: 25.01 million hectares
Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Energy: Major sources
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity: 22763 MW
Total Labour force: 46.84 million
Employed Labour Force: 43.22 million
Agriculture Sector: 18.60 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector: 5.96 million
Construction: 2.52 million
Trade: 6.39 million
Transport: 2.48 million
Others 6.98 million
Famous Mountain Peaks:
Name Height World Rating
K-2 (Chagori) 8616 m 2nd
Nanga Parbat 8125 m 8th
Gasherbrum-I 8068 m 11th
Broad Peak 8065 m 12th
Gasherbrum-II 8047 m 14th
Gasherbrum-III 7952 m 15th
Gasherbrum-IV 7925 m 16th
Disteghil Sar 7885 m 20th
Famous Passes: The Khyber Pass NWFP; The Kurram Pass FATA: The Tochi Pass FATA: The Gomal Pass NWFP: The Bolan Pass Balochistan: The Lowari Pass Chitral (NWFP): The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas
High population growth rate
Diversion of resources to non-productive fields
Political instability due to Vested Interests
Lack of Skill Development & Management of HR
Lack of education & Awareness
Small dams, check dams, gabions and weir should be built to overcome the shortage of water.
There are problems in water management Tail ends do not get enough Water Brick lining of watercourses are required. This will also address the problem of water logging.
There is a potential for agro based industry but incentives are needed for it to grow.
Setting up of sugar mills would promote the sugarcane crop and create job opportunities for the local people.
Elected people and communities should be involved in the development process and monitoring of implementation.
Establishment of agri product and food processing unit should be facilitated.
Cold storage facilities for local agricultural produce and establishment of agro export processing zones.
Handicraft industry should be promoted in the area.
Develop suitable marketing channels for cottage industry to ensure proper return to the women folk.
Livestock is the predominant economic activity of the area/ Training should be provided to people for livestock rearing, diseases control and marketing of stock.
Train women and provide credit for marketing of their products.
It was suggested to have Khushali Bank and other micro financing institution to open branches in the district and provision of micro credit to unemployment persons should be enhanced. Ensure easy access to micro credit.
Communication network should be improved to facilitate the local people.
Supply of clean drinking water should be ensured to control the spread of fatal diseases.
Facilitate setting up of small scale industries it would create more income generating and job opportunities.
Explore marketing channels and promote export of local handicrafts.
Introduce modern technologies in agriculture sector and train farmers in the regard to enhance the agricultural production.
Participatory development should be ensured it would create sense of ownership among the people.
Introduce improved tax collection mechanisms and ensure that taxes are spent in the area.
Create more job opportunities by encouraging income generating activities and small and medium industrial activities in the rural areas.
Handicraft industry, especially Sindhi Topies, Rallis and Ajraks.
Shortage of irrigation water.
Shortage of clean drinking water.
Lack of employment opportunities.
Law and Order situation.
Lack of health facilities.
Lack of monitoring mechanism for development activities.
Poor communication network.
Lack of access to justice.
Lack of industries.
The local Government system with elected persons and communities involved in the development process and in the monitoring of implementation.
Agro-based industry but incentives are needed for it to grow.
Cold storage facilities for local agricultural produce.
Livestock training for livestock rearing, diseases control and marketing of stock. Including women in the process of production and marketing.
Handicraft industry should be promoted in the area.
Small dams can help overcome the shortage of water.
Brick lining of watercourses can help water shortages. Better water management to ensure water availability at the tail ends.
Sugar mills should participate in promotion of better sugarcane varieties and create job opportunities for the local people.
Law and order situation.
Corruption and Injustice.
Rapid growth of population.
Spread of epidemic diseases.
Shortage of clean drinking water leading to the spread of fatal diseases poverty.