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Fostering Equity and Accountability in the Trading System (FEATS) Project: Meeting with Key Stakeholders 29 March 2010 Inclusiveness of Trade Policy Making in Zambia: Presentation of the Main Findings of the First Phase Research. By Rashid S. Kaukab

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By Rashid S. Kaukab Deputy Director and Research Coordinator, CUTS Geneva Resource Centre

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By rashid s kaukab deputy director and research coordinator cuts geneva resource centre

Fostering Equity and Accountability in the Trading System (FEATS) Project: Meeting with Key Stakeholders

29 March 2010

Inclusiveness of Trade Policy Making in Zambia: Presentation of the Main Findings of the First Phase Research

By Rashid S. Kaukab

Deputy Director and Research Coordinator, CUTS Geneva Resource Centre

www.cuts-grc.org


Structure of presentation

Structure of Presentation

  • Introduction

  • Trade policy making process in Zambia: key consultative mechanisms

  • Challenges in participation: views of stakeholders

  • Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

  • Conclusions and Recommendations


I introduction

I. Introduction

  • FEATS first phase research focus on trade policy making process and role of stakeholders in Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia

  • Importance of inclusive trade policy making to ensure national multi-stakeholder ownership

  • Two publications titled “Towards More Inclusive Trade Policy Making: Process and Role of Stakeholders in Select African Countries” (full research publication) and “Improving Ownership through Inclusive Trade Policy Making Process: Lessons from Africa” (short advocacy monograph)

  • Measuring inclusiveness: Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index


Ii trade policy making process in zambia key consultative mechanisms

II. Trade Policy Making Process in Zambia: Key Consultative Mechanisms


Ii trade policy making process in zambia key consultative mechanisms1

II. Trade Policy Making Process in Zambia:Key Consultative Mechanisms


Iii challenges in participation as viewed by stakeholders

III. Challenges in Participation as Viewed by Stakeholders

Ministry of Commerce, Trade and Industry (MCTI)

  • Limited number of technical staff

  • Need to improve the information flow to all stakeholders, particularly non-state actors


Iii challenges in participation as viewed by stakeholders1

III. Challenges in Participation as Viewed by Stakeholders

Other relevant Government Ministries and Agencies

  • Need for coherence in various policies, strategies and plans to avoid contradictions

  • Lack of capacity of all relevant ministries and government agencies to understand and implement the linkages between trade policy and their respective areas

  • Issues of coordination among governmental machinery

  • Lack of regular and timely information flow on trade issues


Iii challenges in participation as viewed by stakeholders2

III. Challenges in Participation as Viewed by Stakeholders

Private Sector Umbrella Organizations

  • Lack of analytical capacity

  • Lack of interest in broad trade policy issues

  • Need for reconciling multiple interests


Iii challenges in participation as viewed by stakeholders3

III. Challenges in Participation as Viewed by Stakeholders

Civil Society Organisations (CSOs)

  • Lack of capacity and technical human resources

  • Lack of domestic specialists on trade issues

  • Need for better coordination and information sharing among CSOs

  • Limited opportunities for effective participation


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

IPTM Index: Action Variables, Actors and Values

Part I: Ministry Responsible for Trade Policy


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index1

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

IPTM Index: Action Variables, Actors and Values

Parts II, III, and IV: Other Relevant Government Ministries, Private Sector, and CSOs


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index2

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

Explanation of Possible Action Values

  • Yes = maximum value of 1 = when appropriate action has been taken by the actor concerned

  • Many/Most = high value of 0.75 = when quite a lot has been done but some gaps remain

  • Some = intermediate value of 0.5 = when action has been taken but is not sufficient

  • Few / Little = low value of 0.25 = when some action has been taken but much remains

  • No = 0 value assigned = when no action has been taken by the actor concerned


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index3

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

MCTI SCORE


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index4

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index

Scores by Other Groups of Stakeholders


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index5

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index6

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index


Iv measuring inclusiveness the inclusive trade policy making itpm index7

IV. Measuring inclusiveness: the Inclusive Trade Policy Making (ITPM) Index


V conclusions and recommendations

V. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Several consultative mechanisms on trade issues established; however

    • Lack legal mandates and adequate resources

    • Not all trade issues covered by consultative fora

    • Irregular and ad hoc functioning

  • Improved stakeholders participation; but

    • Not all stakeholders being represented

    • Not all stakeholders have equal opportunities to participate


V conclusions and recommendations1

V. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Remaining challenges classified in three broad categories

    • Related to capacity (limited technical, human, and financial capacities of stakeholders)

    • Related to institutional and structural issues (design and functioning of consultative mechanisms)

    • Related to challenges internal to each group of stakeholders


V conclusions and recommendations2

V. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Identification and involvement of remaining stakeholders: action by government and concerned ministries needed

  • Awareness-raising on trade issues: action by all actors needed

  • Regular information flow on trade issues to key stakeholders: action by concerned ministries needed

  • Rationalization and strengthening of consultative mechanisms: action by government and concerned ministries needed

  • Better coordination among relevant government ministries and agencies on trade issues: action by government needed


V conclusions and recommendations3

V. Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Better opportunities for CSO participation: action by MCTI needed

  • Better feedback and input loops between CSOs and the private sector umbrella organisations on the one hand, and their constituencies on the other: action by private sector umbrella organizations and CSOs needed

  • Investment on knowledge and expertise building: action by all including development partners needed

  • Promotion of a culture of dialogue and inclusiveness: sustained efforts by all stakeholders needed


By rashid s kaukab deputy director and research coordinator cuts geneva resource centre

Inclusiveness will generate national ownership which is the best guarantee for effective implementation of trade policy as part of overall development policy

For further information please contact [email protected] or [email protected]


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