Pharmacy jurisprudence and ethics
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Pharmacy Jurisprudence and Ethics. Disclaimer. “ I am speaking today in my individual capacity and not as an employee of any college or organization. The information printed here should not be construed as an official explanation or interpretation”. Objectives.

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Pharmacy jurisprudence and ethics

Pharmacy Jurisprudence and Ethics


Disclaimer

Disclaimer

“ I am speaking today in my individual capacity and not as an employee of any college or organization. The information printed here should not be construed as an official explanation or interpretation”


Objectives

Objectives

  • To understand why technicians need to know, and understand the legislation and ethics.

  • To outline what laws; Federal & Provincial and ACP Standards are important

  • To show where to find the information

  • To identify who needs to know jurisprudence and ethics


Pharmacy jurisprudence and ethics

Why?


Pharmacy jurisprudence and ethics

Why?


Pharmacy jurisprudence and ethics

What?


Pharmacy legislative framework

Pharmacy Legislative Framework


Federal legislation

Federal Legislation

  • Food and Drug Act

    • Food and Drug Regulations

      • Schedule F-Part I & II

  • Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA)

    • Narcotic Control Regulations

    • Schedule G Regulations

    • Precursor Control Regulations

    • Benzodiazepines and other targeted substances regulations


Prescription requirements

Prescription Requirements

  • Category

    • Narcotics, Narcotic preparations, Controlled Drugs or preparations, benzodiazepines & Schedule F

  • Prescription Transmission

    • Written or Verbal

  • Refills

    • Permitted or Not

    • Is an time interval required

    • Part fills (Narcotics)

  • Transfers

  • Filing

  • Orders

    • Electronically, Written, Faxed or Verbally over the phone

  • Documentation

    • Recording receipt or sale


Provincial legislation

Provincial Legislation

  • The Health Professions Act

  • Pharmacists Profession Regulation

  • The Pharmacy and Drug Act

  • Pharmacy and Drug Regulation


Provincial legislation1

Provincial Legislation

  • Health Profession Act

    • Self regulation

    • Restricted activities

    • Transparency to the public

    • Mandatory registration

    • Continuing competence

    • Disciplinary process

  • Pharmacists Profession Regulation


Provincial legislation2

Provincial Legislation

  • The Pharmacy and Drug Act

  • Pharmacy and Drug Regulations


Alberta drug scheduling

Alberta Drug Scheduling

  • Schedule 1

    • Prescription required, includes all federally scheduled drugs and those specific to Alberta

  • Schedule 2

    • No prescription required, no public access, information must be recorded

  • Schedule 3

    • No prescription, self-selection, only sold in pharmacy, lock and leave

  • Unscheduled

    • No prescription required, not restricted to pharmacies


Triplicate program

Triplicate Program

  • A provincial program established to reduce the misuse of certain prescription drugs

  • Prescriptions for these drugs can not be written on a regular prescription pad, only on a triplicate prescription

  • Must be taken to a pharmacy with 72 hours


Regulatory bodies and organizations acp

Regulatory Bodies and Organizations (ACP)

  • Standards for Pharmacist Practice

  • Standards for Operating Licensed Pharmacies

  • Code of Ethics


Standards for pharmacist practice

Standards for Pharmacist Practice


Standards for operating licensed pharmacies

Standards for Operating Licensed Pharmacies


Pharmacy code of ethics

Pharmacy Code of Ethics


Privacy legislation

Privacy Legislation

  • Consent

  • Express consent

  • Implied consent


Federal privacy legislation

Federal Privacy Legislation

  • Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA)


Provincial privacy legislation

Provincial Privacy Legislation

  • Health Information Act (HIA)

  • Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA)

  • Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIP)


Health information act

Health Information Act

  • Applies to custodians and their affiliates who collect, use and disclose health information in the publicly funded health care system

  • Custodian

  • Affiliates

  • Controlled Arena


Scenarios

Scenarios

  • Mrs. Smith wants her prescription delivered

    • Employee of the pharmacy

    • Delivery service

    • Taxi

  • Mrs. Smith wants a printout of the prescription receipts for her family.

    • Husband

    • Teenage daughter 17 years old

    • 7 year old son


Scenarios1

Scenarios

  • Dentist

    • Jim has a prescription that needs clarification. His private insurance plan pays for dental work

    • Jim has another appointment for his wisdom teeth to be removed and the dentist needs his current medication list.

  • WCB

    • WCB calls and wants information on the prescriptions a client is taking and what they are indicated for.


Where

Where?

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists at

    • https://pharmacists.ab.ca

  • National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities (NAPRA) at

    • http://napra.ca

  • Government of Canada Website-Department of Justice

    • http://laws.justice.gc.ca


Health professions act

Health Professions Act

Pharmacy technicians will be a new regulated profession under the Health Professions Act

Requires that professionals are competent and can safely perform restricted activities


References

References

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Code of Ethics. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/CodeofEthics_Poster.pdf

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2010). Prescription Regulations. Retrieved June 13,2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/prescription-regulations-2010r.pdf

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Standards of pharmacist practice. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/HPA_Standards_FINAL.pdf

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Standards for operating licensed pharmacies. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/PDA_Standards_FINAL.pdf

  • Alberta College of Pharmacists. (2007). Understanding Alberta's drug schedules. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Downloads/documentloader.ashx?id=5900

  • The Transition Times. (Spring 2010). Welcoming a new healthcare profession. Retrieved June 12, 2010 from https://pharmacists.ab.ca/Content_Files/Files/TransitionTimes.pdf


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