GHB
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GHB. Presented by: Matt Lorup , Keith Arline , & Chris Dendler. Overview. Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Party Drug pleasure enhancer that depresses the central nervous system and induces intoxication. 

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Ghb

GHB

Presented by: Matt Lorup, Keith Arline, & Chris Dendler


Overview

Overview

  • Gamma hydroxybutyrate(GHB)

  • Party Drug

    • pleasure enhancer that depresses the central nervous system and induces intoxication. 

  • Central nervous system (CNS) depressant that was approved by the (FDA) in 2002 for use in the treatment of sleep disorder.

  • GHB is produced naturally by the body in small amounts but its physiological function is unclear.

  • In the United States, GHB is produced in laboratories with no guarantee of quality or purity, making its effects less predictable and more difficult to diagnose.


Street names

Street Names

  • * Cherry Meth* Liquid X * Fantasy* Organic quaalude* Salty water * Georgia Home Boy* Scoop* Great Hormones at Bedtime* Sleep-500* Grievous Bodily Harm* Soap* Liquid E* Somatomaz* Liquid Ecstasy* Vita-G


Appearance

Appearance


Method of use

Method of Use:

  • GHB is available as an odorless, colorless drug that may be combined with alcohol and given to unsuspecting victims prior to sexual assaults.

  • It is taken orally 


Advantages

Advantages

  • Stimulate protein synthesis, aiding in fat reduction and muscle building

  • Helps in treating pain and improving sleep in patients with fibromyalgia

  • Improves rapid eye movement sleep to decrease symptoms of narcolepsy


Disadvantages

Disadvantages

  • There are many serious side effects such as headaches, hallucinations, dizziness, confusion, nausea, numbing of legs, memory loss, heart problems, coma, and death

  • GHB can cause addiction leading to withdrawal symptoms serious enough to hospitalize after long-term use

  • It can cause seizures in people with epilepsy


Cost and short term effects

Cost and Short-Term effects

  • The average cost is between $5-$10 per dose which is roughly 1-5 grams

  • <1 gram can act as a relaxant

  • 1-2 grams causes strong feelings of relaxation and slowing of heart rate and breathing

  • 2-4 grams makes affects motor and speech control and a coma like sleep.


Long term effects

Long Term effects

  • Not many long term effects are known other than dependence and larger doses

  • Higher dose can lead to coma or death

  • Difficulty thinking, hallucinations, slurred speech, headaches, and amnesia occur with continued use


Dependence

Dependence

  • Withdrawal symptoms can occur within 12 hours of the last dose, and can last for up to 15 days

  • Symptoms include confusion and agitation, anxiety, paranoia, muscle cramps, hallucinations, and fast heart beat


How does the drug work

How Does the Drug Work?

  • It is used as a pleasure enhancer that depresses the central nervous system and induces intoxication.

  • Used as a sedative to reduce the effects of stimulants (cocaine, methamphetamine, ephedrine) or hallucinogens (LSD, mescaline) and to prevent physical withdrawal symptoms.

  • Side effects associated with GHB may include nausea, vomiting, delusions, depression, hallucinations, seizures, loss of consciousness, slowed heart rate,


Abuse addiction

Abuse& Addiction

  • Can be addictive (Mostly to prescribed users)

  • Mental dependence

  • Date rape

  • Mostly abused by teens and young adults


T he facts

The facts:

  • More than 5,800 overdoses were recorded last year with more than 66 deaths

  • 12thgraders had the highest numbers of GHB use last year with 1.2%

  • In 2008, over 30 million Americans 12 and older used some form of GHB for non-medical reasons


Treatments

Treatments:

  • There is no antidote for GHB

  • May induce vomiting in very serious conditions

  • Drug abuse treatment centers


References

References:

  • https://www.k-state.edu/media/webzine/Didyouhearyes/GHBfacts.html

  • http://www.drugs.com/ghb.html

  • http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/club-drugs-ghb-ketamine-rohypnol

  • http://www.diagnose-me.com/treatment/GHB-gamma-hydroxybutyrate.html

  • http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-950-GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE%20(GHB).aspx?activeIngredientId=950&activeIngredientName=GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRATE%20(GHB)

  • www.treatmentsolutions.com/ghb-addiction-treatment


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