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The Newcastle Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (NECTE). and the ethical and legal consequences. of linguistic archaeology. AHRB project code: RE11776. NECTE aims and objectives.

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the newcastle electronic corpus of tyneside english necte

The Newcastle Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (NECTE)

and the ethical

and legal

consequences

of linguistic archaeology

  • AHRB project code: RE11776
necte aims and objectives
NECTE aims and objectives
  • To preserve, archive, and digitize audio recordings of Tyneside English dialect interviews conducted in 1969 and 1994.
  • To align these digitized audio interviews with their orthographic transcriptions.
  • To make these aligned files available to researchers (both scholars and authorized laypersons) on the web.
the data protection act dpa of 1998
The Data Protection Act (DPA) of 1998
  • Purpose
  • Who must comply?
  • Types of data affected
dpa purpose
DPA: Purpose

“An Act to make new provision for the regulation of the processing of information relating to individuals, including the obtaining, holding, use, or disclosure of such information.”

--16 July 1998

dpa who must comply
DPA: Who must comply?

“data controllers”

and their

“data processors”

data controllers and data processors examples
Banking services, police, employers, marketers, medical personnel, academic researchers who use “human data subjects”

Academic:

Data controllers: Principal and co-principal investigators of grants.

Data processors: data managers, data handlers, data “miners”, research assistants.

Data controllers and data processors: Examples
dpa types of data affected
DPA: Types of data affected

“personal data”, i.e.:

“data which relate to a living individual who can be identified from those data”

informed consent
Informed consent
  • Pre-1984 data: Can consent be established?
  • Implied consent
  • Last resort: tracing participants
establishing consent
Establishing consent

TYNESIDE LINGUISTIC SURVEY

Most people who live on Tyneside take a pride in the local dialect[...]That is what this enquiry is concerned with[...] I shall call on you in the near future. I should be very grateful if you and the other members of your household would each give me about ten minutes of your time. I should like you to talk and to answer a few questions. The results of the survey will in due course be published, but no resident who has helped by talking in this way will be referred to in such a way that they could be identified.

Barbara Strang, Professor of English Language

& General Linguistics

The University, Newcastle upon Tyne

implied consent
Implied consent

TLS/G54 .. Well, I—I’m-- I\'m against both sides, tell you the truth.

Interviewer: Aye.

TLS/G54 I- I\'ll tell you the truth, they can please theirself if they hear it or not, whoever hears the tape recorder it doesn’t worry me at all. I always speak my mind.

problems using data that pre exist dpa 1998
Problems using data that pre-exist DPA 1998
  • Digitization (change in storage mode)
  • Security and privacy (change in accessibility of data)
  • Readily identifiable data subjects?
  • Sensitive subject matter (interview content) and personal data
sensitive subject matter interview content examples
Sensitive subject matter (interview content):Examples
  • Addresses (home, school)
  • State of health
  • Voting preference
example 1 addresses
Example 1: Addresses

Interviewer: Could you tell us first of all, where you were born please? To start at the beginning.

TLS/G11Gateshead.

Interviewer: Whereabouts please?

TLS/G11Here in Valley Drive…

Interviewer: Here.

TLS/G11a Low Fell.

Interviewer: where did you go to school?

TLS/G11 I went to Central High first, and then Westfield in Kenton.

example 2 state of health
Example 2: State of health

TLS/G12 How I like to spend my-- Spend my spare time shopping.

Interviewer: Yes?

TLS/G12 I don’t do anything apart from that, because I haven’t got the best of health.

TLS/G52 well with Jimmy not having any mother... but never mind. The drink got him. It-- it-- it-- it ruined him.

voting preferences
Voting preferences
  • Voter party registration
  • Voting patterns
  • Voting frequency
example 3 voting preferences
Example 3: Voting preferences

Voter party registration

Voting patterns

Voting frequency

Interviewer: Em this is eh another question you don’t have to answer if you don’t want, because some people don’t. Eh which way do you vote?

TLS/G211a: Labour.

Interviewer: Yes. Eh have you always voted the same way?

TLS/G211: Uh huh.

Interviewer: Yes. And do you eh—do you always bother to vote, you know in-- in general and local—local elections?TLS/G211: Oh yes.

problems particular to archived sound files
Problems particular to archived sound files
  • (Digital) Can be saved onto computer (permanent storage, easily transferable to non-authorized users)
  • Potential for subject identifiability
solutions
Solutions
  • Anonymised data
  • Access to i.d. files (internal only)
  • Access to sound files and social data (password-protection and carefully screened users)
  • Storage of original audio data
  • Compliance statement
options
Options
  • University technology transfer office
  • University legal team
  • University data protection officer
data protection officer compliance statement steps
Data protection officerCompliance statement: Steps
  • Draft report
  • Meet with university’s data protection officer
  • Notification and registration of data with the Information Commissioner
data protection and protection of data
Data protection and protection of data
  • DPA requires protection against destruction of personal data
  • ‘Traditional’ media (audio tape, print, etc.) subject to deterioration
  • Digitization provides additional backup of data
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