The mental health implications of working in a lunar settlement
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

THE MENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF WORKING IN A LUNAR SETTLEMENT PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 86 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE MENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF WORKING IN A LUNAR SETTLEMENT. CHESTER S. SPELL School of Business-Camden Rutgers University [email protected] Technology makes it possible for human beings to live and work in places that in the past we could neither reach nor have survived in.

Download Presentation

THE MENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF WORKING IN A LUNAR SETTLEMENT

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The mental health implications of working in a lunar settlement

THE MENTAL HEALTHIMPLICATIONS OF WORKING IN A LUNAR SETTLEMENT

CHESTER S. SPELLSchool of Business-CamdenRutgers [email protected]


The mental health implications of working in a lunar settlement

  • Technology makes it possible for human beings to live and work in places that in the past we could neither reach nor have survived in.

  • Extreme environments (e.g. Lunar base) present unique opportunities for psychological research and applications.


Prior research

Prior Research

Psychological research of EUEs:

  • polar stations

  • space vehicles

  • undersea habitats

    Methods : psychometric and projective tests, interviews, participant observations, field studies, simulations


The good news

The Good News

  • Autobiographical accounts of astronauts(Collins 1974).

  • Polar crews report many more positive than negative experiences

  • Twenty-six of 28 participants in a undersea habitat study were willing to do it again


Perception and reality

Perception and reality

  • How people experience an environment is more important than the objective characteristics of the environment (Suedfeld 1991).


Potential negative impact on psychological well being

Potential negative impact on psychological well-being

Social isolation

Confinement

Sensory restriction

Circadian Rhythms


Confinement monotony

Confinement & Monotony

  • After 2 weeks the foremost psychological irritants were inadequate leadership and the behavior of others (Smith,1969) .

  • Members with low social coherence report significantly more depression, anxiety, and anger (Palinkas,2003)


Conflict

Conflict

  • Murderous attack over a chess game (Palinkas 1990)

  • Assault with a hammer (New Zealand Herald 1996).

  • Foreign visitors in Russian and American space flights felt marginalized.


Are prior results relevant for a lunar base

Are prior results relevant for a lunar base?

  • Unlikely that we can generalize data from Mercury missions, Shuttle missions of a week or two, Mir space station missions of 6–12 months.


Our research study 1

Our research:Study 1

  • People working in groups share perceptions of fairness of work assignments, responsibility, etc.

  • The work group’s “fairness climate” can affect individual levels of anxiety and depression (Spell & Arnold, in press)

  • Social contagion-feelings of fairness (or unfairness)


The mental health implications of working in a lunar settlement

  • Implication: in cohesive groups (limited interaction outside of group) establishing and maintaining fair procedures especially significant


Our research study 2

Our research:Study 2

  • Faultlines: subgroups or divisions

    • Gender

    • Age

    • Experience level

    • Ethnic group

  • groups with strong faultlines and unsupportive supervisors were less anxious and depressed than groups with weak faultlines

  • groups with strong faultlines and perceived unfairness were less anxious and depressed than groups with weak faultlines


Implications

Implications

  • Group composition affects individual mental health

  • In diverse work groups, importance of supportive supervisor trained in leadership

  • Speculation: effects exacerbated in extreme and isolated work environment of a lunar base


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Radloff & Helmreich: those who were considered best suited to working under water could also walk on it(!)

  • (Russian) space program:stress test requiring a group of candidates to drive a small car cross-country

  • Select crews, not just individuals


  • Login