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#3. An Economic overview of wwi. By Eric Bercaw , Kyle Boyd, and Graham Boreland. Government economic regulations. In 1916, the government created the councils of national defense. It oversaw the governments preparedness for a war.

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3 an economic overview of wwi
#3. An Economic overview of wwi

By Eric Bercaw, Kyle Boyd, and Graham Boreland


Government economic regulations
Government economic regulations

  • In 1916, the government created the councils of national defense.

  • It oversaw the governments preparedness for a war.

  • After war was declared, the war industries board was created to coordinate military purchasing, ensure production efficiency and supply the troops

  • August 1917: Wilson set up the Fuel and the Food Administration

  • The Fuel Administration controlled coal output, regulated fuel prices and consumption, and introduced daylight-saving time

  • The Food Administration oversaw production and allocation of meat, wheat and sugar to ensure supplies for the army as well as for the desperately food-short Allies


Gov econ reg cont
Gov. Econ. Reg. Cont.

  • National War Labor Board resolved labor-management disputes that jeopardized production

  • Railroad Administration, led by William McAdoo, transformed thousands of miles track operated by competing companies into an efficient national rail system


Committee of public information
Committee of Public Information

  • Headed by journalist George Creel

  • It was created to promote government propaganda

    • It published the government’s version of events and discredited all who questioned the governments version

  • Examples:

    • One division distributed posters that were pro-war

    • Other divisions wrote articles that reported news that favored the government’s goals


Usage of propaganda
Usage Of Propaganda

  • Administration used new professions of advertising and public relations to pursue their goal of supporting the war

  • Examples:

    • Posters exhorted citizens to “Fight or Buy Bonds”

    • Liberty Loan parades featured flags, banners and marching bands

    • Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and other famous movie stars prompted the cause

    • Schoolchildren purchased “thrift stamps” convertible into war bonds

    • Patriotic war songs reached a large public through phonograph recordings


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