shifts in verb tense
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Shifts in Verb Tense

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 35

Shifts in Verb Tense - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on

Shifts in Verb Tense. NEC FACET Center. What is a verb?. A verb is one of the basic parts of speech. Verbs commonly identify the action performed by the subject of the sentence. kick. jump. study. Find the Verbs. Wendy plays the French horn in her school orchestra.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Shifts in Verb Tense' - molly-roy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
shifts in verb tense

Shifts in Verb Tense

NEC FACET Center

what is a verb
What is a verb?
  • A verb is one of the basic parts of speech.
  • Verbs commonly identify the action performed by the subject of the sentence.

kick

jump

study

find the verbs
Find the Verbs
  • Wendy plays the French horn in her school orchestra.
  • Garfield dived into the dish of lasagna.
  • Billows of smoke began to rise skyward.
  • The defendant smirked at the judge.
  • The average snowfall in these mountains leaves an accumulation of two new feet of powder.
find the verbs1
Find the Verbs
  • Wendy plays the French horn in her school orchestra.
  • Garfield dived into the dish of lasagna.
  • Billows of smoke began to rise skyward.
  • The defendant smirked at the judge.
  • The average snowfall in these mountains leavesan accumulation of two new feet of powder.
what else can a verb do
Not all verbs show action.

Verbs also indicate “state of being.”

We refer to many of the state of being verbs as the “to be” verbs

What else can a verb do?
examples of to be verbs

Was

Am

Are

Will be

Is

Were

May be

Might be

Has been

Would be

Had been

Examples of “To Be” Verbs
all verbs have a tense
All verbs have a tense.
  • Verb tense indicates time.
  • Verbs can show past, present, and future and can also indicate on-going actions.

What is tense?

examples of tense with action verbs
Examples of Tense with Action Verbs

Dance

(present)

Danced

(past)

Will dance

(future)

additional examples with action verbs
Additional Examples with Action Verbs

Present Perfect:

has panicked

Past Perfect:

had panicked

Future Perfect:

will have panicked

examples of tense with to be verbs
Examples of Tense with “To Be” Verbs
  • Present: The antibiotic is effective.
  • Past: The antibiotic was effective.
  • Future: The antibiotic will be effective.
recognizing tense
Recognizing Tense
  • Although most people do not need to know the names of the more complex verb tenses, recognizing they exist and seeing the differences in their meaning will help writers avoid writing problems.
additional examples
Additional Examples
  • Present Perfect: The antibiotic has been effective, and the patient is now well.
  • Shows an action that started in the past and is continuing into the present.
additional examples1
Additional Examples
  • Past Perfect: The antibiotic had been effective by the time the semester started.
  • Shows an action that was completed before another past action (before school started)
additional examples2
Additional Examples
  • Future Perfect: The antibiotic will have been effective before the semester starts.
  • Shows an action that will have taken place before another action yet to come.
reminder
Reminder
  • Remember you don’t need to know all the tense names, but you should learn to recognize inconsistent use of these tenses.
  • We call this inconsistent verb use an unnecessary “shift in tense” and consider it an error.
changing tenses
Changing Tenses
  • Do not change verb tense in your writing unless you must do so to show a change in time.

March

May

April

June

July

a justified tense shift
A Justified Tense Shift
  • This afternoon I will see one new movie. Last week I sawtwo new movies.
  • Shifting from future tense to past tense reflects the changing viewing times.
unjustified tense shift
Unjustified Tense Shift
  • We walk down Greenwood as the jazz bands began to play.
  • Can you identify the shift in tense?
unjustified tense shift1
Unjustified Tense Shift
  • We walk down Greenwood as the jazz bands began to play.
  • Walk = present tense
  • began = past tense
the shift corrected
The Shift Corrected
  • We walk down Greenwood as the jazz bands begin to play. (present tense)
  • We walked down Greenwood as the jazz bands began to play. (past tense)
look for the tense shift
Look for the Tense Shift
  • Steam rose from the coffee mug. Charlie snatches his hand away as the sides of the mug become even hotter.
the tense shift
The Tense Shift
  • Steam rose from the coffee mug. Charlie snatches his hand away as the sides of the mug become even hotter.
  • These two words shift from past tense used in the rest of the passage to present tense.
the tense shift revised
The Tense Shift Revised
  • Steam rose from the coffee mug. Charlie snatches his hand away as the sides of the mug become even hotter.
  • These two words shift from past tense used in the rest of the passage to present tense.

snatched

became

look for the tense shift1
Look for the Tense Shift
  • As Mary looks for a knife in the kitchen, Larry blows out the candles and ran his finger through the frosting.
the tense shift1
The Tense Shift
  • As Mary looks for a knife in the kitchen, Larry blows out the candles and ran his finger through the frosting.
  • This verb shifts from present tense used in most of the passage to past tense.
the tense shift revised1
The Tense Shift Revised
  • As Mary looks for a knife in the kitchen, Larry blows out the candles and ran his finger through the frosting.
  • This verb shifts from present tense used in most of the passage to past tense.

runs

look for the tense shift2
Look for the Tense Shift
  • Dana swabbed the inside of her cheek with a Q-tip, smears the cells on a glass slide, and then looked at them through the microscope.
the tense shift revised2
The Tense Shift Revised
  • Dana swabbed the inside of her cheek with a Q-tip,smears the cells on a glass slide, and then looked at them through the microscope.

smeared

look for the tense shift3
Look for the Tense Shift
  • In the neighborhood, the kids play stickball in the street, they sawed off broom handles for bats and borrow garbage can lids for bases.
the tense shift2
The Tense Shift
  • In the neighborhood, the kids play stickball in the street; they sawed off broom handles for bats, and borrow garbage can lids for bases.
look for the tense shift4
Look for the Tense Shift
  • To get a clear picture, Larry jiggles the tuning knob, adjusts the horizontal hold, and pointed the antenna out the window.
the tense shift3
The Tense Shift
  • To get a clear picture, Larry jiggles the tuning knob, adjusts the horizontal hold, and pointed the antenna out the window.

s

look for tense shifts
Look for Tense Shifts
  • When Tronic Center had a clearance sale, Eric decided to buy a DVR. He thought he could simply plug the machine in and start recording his favorite programs. However, when he drove home, he discovers that connecting the dVR could be complicated and confusing. The directions seemed to have been written for an electrical engineer. After three hours of frustration, Eric gave up and calls a TV repair shop for help.
the tense shifts
The Tense Shifts
  • When Tronic Center had a clearance sale, Eric decided to buy a DVR. He thought he could simply plug the machine in and start taping his favorite programs. However, when he drove home, he discoversthat connecting the DVR could be complicated and confusing. The directions seemed to have been written for an electrical engineer. After three hours of frustration, Eric gave up andcallsa TV repair shop for help.
  • These 2 words shift from past to present tense.
remember
Remember . . .

When you cut out inconsistent verbs, you eliminate possible confusion and make your writing smoother.

ad