The Middle Ages
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The Middle Ages. 500 to 1500 fall of Rome to modern era aka Dark Ages Key events: revival of learning under Charlemagne, breakup of Charlemagne’s empire & return to Dark Ages , end of Dark Ages , slow return of learning (scholasticism), & Renaissance. The Middle Ages.

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The Middle Ages

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The middle ages

The Middle Ages

  • 500 to 1500

  • fall of Rome to modern era

  • aka Dark Ages

  • Key events: revival of learning under Charlemagne, breakup of Charlemagne’s empire & return to Dark Ages, end of Dark Ages, slow return of learning (scholasticism), & Renaissance


The middle ages

The Middle Ages

what is so important about the year 1000?

Early Middle Middle Middle

Late or High Middle

  • millenia fear

  • importance of the church  Christendom


The middle ages

The Middle Ages

  • Early Christian church in Europe

  • little organization at beginning

  • no distinction between laity & clergy

  • need arises for organization as church grows

  • two officials  presbyter (elder) & bishop (overseer)

  • by 100s, presbyters (later known as priests) answer to bishops

  • local churches administered by priests

  • several churches make up diocese – run by bishop

  • several diocese adm. by archbishop  modeled after Rome


The middle ages1

The Middle Ages

  • Growth of monasticism

  • St. Benedict

  • monk  lives apart from worldly concerns

  • prayer & labor

  • early monasteries adm. by abbot

  • - provide important function in medieval world

  • social worker  care for sick & poor

  • schools – centers of learning

  • role model

  • transcription

  • kept alive European culture


The middle ages2

The Middle Ages

  • But before we keep talking about the role of the church, we need to talk about…

  • The Franks (great name)

  • 300s on  Rome was a mess!

  • invaders, bad gov’t, etc.

  • 476 – last Roman emperor replaced by German king  Odoacer

  • Franks settle in northern Gaul or known as France today

  • first king – Clovis

  • unite Franks

  • converts to Christianity

  • begins Merovingian line of kings


The middle ages3

The Middle Ages

  • Merovingian kings – Do-Nothing Kings

  • problems: succession, Mayors of the Palace

  • Charles Martel – the Hammer!

  • Mayor of the Palace

  • 732  defeats Muslims at Tours

  • son  Pepin the Short

  • Seizes kingdom – 751 – Carolingian line of kings

  • helps pope remove threat of Lombards

  • rewarded by pope proclaiming Pepin “king by the grace of God”


The middle ages4

The Middle Ages

  • Donation of Pepin - takes land from around Rome and gives it to the Pope

  • accomplishes 3 things:

    • create long-lasting alliance between the Franks and the pope that greatly benefited both sides

    • Pope looks west for help rather than east

    • established precedent where pope confers right to rule onto the king


The middle ages5

The Middle Ages

  • Charlemagne – Charles the Great

  • 768-814

  • expands Frankish empire to most of western and central Europe

  • 3 great achievements (maybe 4)

  • Military

  • - conquers Lombards in Italy

  • - Avars in central Europe

  • - Saxons in Germany

  • - drives Muslims back into Spain

2. Government (administration)

- each region organized into county headed by count

- missi dominici

- Aix-la-Chapelle or Aachen

- no taxes - low expenses

- each person responsible for military duty


The middle ages6

The Middle Ages

  • 3. Education

  • - founded palace school

  • - brought in best scholars from around Europe

  • - produce authentic and readable Bible

  • liked to have books read to him – illiterate

  • Carolingian Renaissance

  • 4. Crowned Emperors of the Romans

  • solidifies relationship between Franks and papacy

  • - established empire in the model of the old Roman Empire  Holy Roman Empire

  • - with the church’s blessing


The middle ages7

The Middle Ages

  • Charlemagne dies 814

  • empire divided by 3 grandsons

    • Treaty of Verdun (843)

    • Charles the Bald (France), Lothair (middle kingdom), & Louis the German (Germany)

  • begin fighting amongst themselves

  • - Difficult to hold together divided kingdoms

  • division allowed invaders to come

  • north – Vikings south – Muslimseast- Magyars

  • begin the Dark Ages again – end of Carolingian Renaissance


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