Identifying Evidence-Based Resources in Public Health
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Identifying Evidence-Based Resources in Public Health Sharon Telleen, Ph.D. Hathy Simpson, MPH. Workshop/Breakout Title Workshop/Breakout Speaker(s). Identifying Evidence-Based Practices in Public Health.

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Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Identifying Evidence-Based Resources in Public Health

Sharon Telleen, Ph.D.

Hathy Simpson, MPH

Workshop/Breakout Title

Workshop/Breakout Speaker(s)


Identifying evidence based practices in public health

Identifying Evidence-Based Practices in Public Health

  • Sharon Telleen, Ph.D., Research Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago. Email: [email protected]

  • Hatheway Simpson, MPH, Public Health Project Coordinator, University of Massachusetts Medical School Library. Email: [email protected]


Evidence based practice for public health project http library umassmed edu ebpph

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Projecthttp://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph

Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce Projecthttp://PHPartners.org


Evidence based practice for public health project http library umassmed edu ebpph1

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Projecthttp://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph

Lamar Soutter Library

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine

2002 - 2005


National library of medicine regional medical library

National Library of MedicineRegional Medical Library

  • National Network of Libraries of Medicine, New England Region

    http://nnlm.gov/ner

    222 Maple Avenue, Shrewsbury, MA 01545

  • University of Massachusetts Medical School http://library.umassmed.edu55 Lake Avenue, Worcester, MA 01655


Objectives

Objectives

  • Overview of evidence-based public health resources

  • Identify one portal access

  • Develop a search pathway


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Evidence-Based

+

Public Health

  • “the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about

  • the care of communities and populations in the domain of health protection, disease prevention, health maintenance and improvement.”

    Source:

    Jenicek M. Epidemiology, evidenced-based medicine, and evidence-based public health. J Epidemiol. Dec 1997;7(4):187-197.


Public health health of populations

Public Health: Health of Populations

Clinical Medicine: Health of Individuals


The public health workforce

Epidemiologists

Statisticians

Environmental Engineers

Animal Control Officers

Sanitarians

Food Scientists

Industrial Hygienists

Health Care Administrators

Health Economists

Politicians

Social Workers

Mental Health Workers

Substance Abuse Counselors

Doctors

Nurses

Teachers

Disaster Relief Workers

Nutritionists

Lab Technicians

Librarians

The Public Health Workforce


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

General Public Health

Epidemiology

Biostatistics

Vital Statistics & Surveillance

Environmental Health

Occupational Health

Health Services Administration

Social & Behavioral Sciences

Health Promotion & Education

Community Health

Maternal & Child Health

Public Health Nursing

Disaster Control & Emergency Services

Communicable Diseases

HIV/AIDS

Nutrition

Chronic Diseases

Public Health Laboratory Sciences

Public Health Informatics

Global Health

Identified Knowledge Domains

Public Health


Why ebph

Why EBPH?

  • Need credible filtered information to make informed decisions.

  • Research evidence is valued.

  • So much information, too little time!


Evidence for public health practice and policy decisions

Evidence for Public Health Practice and Policy Decisions

  • “I make a lot of decisions about how money is going to be spent, and I would like to always be able to back it up and say that this is proven, or evidence-based.”

  • Politicians need evidence to make decisions about public health programs.


Evidence based public health

Evidence-Based Public Health

Best Evidence

from

Research

Social values,

Politics,

Economics

$

Expertise,

Knowledge

  • Decisions for Public Health Practice

  • Interventions

  • Programs

  • Policies


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Evidence Pyramid

Systematic Reviews & Meta-analyses

Adapted from: The Medical Research Library of Brooklyn, http://servers.medlib.hscbklyn.edu/ebm/2100.htm


Evidence matrix

Evidence Matrix

Adapted from Muir Gray JM. Evidence-based healthcare. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1996; Petticrew M, Roberts H. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2003


Sources of public health evidence

Journal literature

Books

Conference proceedings & abstracts

Dissertations & theses

Unpublished scientific papers

Government reports

Policy statements, laws & regulations

Surveillance data

Newsletters

Teleconferences & webcasts

Alert systems

Listservs

Internet sources

Expert knowledge & opinion

Sources of Public Health Evidence


Information continuum

Information Continuum

Research Support for Information

Minimum

Maximum

Reports of Emerging Health Threats

Established Reference Information

Meta-analyses and Systematic Reviews

Emerging Practices

Published Research Reports

  • Evidence-based

  • Guidelines

Different sources for different info needs


Evidence based public health process

Evidence-Based Public Health Process

  • Define the public health problem.

  • Search and find the best evidence.

  • Critically appraise the evidence for validity and relevance.

  • Apply the evidence to practice.

  • Evaluate the results.

  • Adopted from:

  • Source: Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM. The need for evidence-based medicine. J R Soc Med. Nov 1995;88(11):620-624.

  • Sibbald WJ. Some opinions on the future of evidence-based medicine. Crit Care Clin. 1998;14(3):549-558.


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Define the public health problem

Convert the information needs

into focused questions


Forming a searchable public health question pico

Forming a Searchable Public Health QuestionPICO

P - Population

I - Intervention

C - Comparison

O - Outcome


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Search and find the best evidence

Critically appraise the evidence

for validity and relevance


Evidence based resources for public health practice

Evidence-Based Resources for Public Health Practice

  • Evidence-Based Guidelines

  • Systematic Reviews

  • Pre-formulated & Filtered Searches

  • Best & Model Practices

  • Public Health Bibliographic Databases

  • Public Health Journals

Project Web Site:http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph


Ebpph project web site http library umassmed edu ebpph

EBPPH Project Web Site: http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph


Evidence based guidelines

Evidence-Based Guidelines

  • Guide to Community Preventive Serviceshttp://www.thecommunityguide.org

  • National Guidelines Clearinghousehttp://www.guideline.gov


Tobacco use prevention control

Tobacco Use Prevention & Control


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Guide to Community Preventive ServicesSummary of Findings: Tobacco Use Prevention and Control


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Link to Full-Text Article from the American Journal of Preventive Medicine


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

http://www.guideline.gov/

National Guideline Clearinghouse


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

National Guideline Clearinghouse


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

National Guideline Clearinghouse


Systematic reviews

Systematic Reviews

  • Cochrane Reviews of Relevance to Health Promotion and Public Healthhttp://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au/cochrane/activities/reviews.htm

  • Health-Evidence.ca http://health-evidence.ca


Cochrane systematic reviews

Cochrane Systematic Reviews

  • Abstracts Available for Free Online Access

  • Full-text of Reviews by Subscription Only


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Cochrane Review Abstract


Cochrane review abstract

Cochrane Review Abstract


Heath evidence ca

heath-evidence.ca


Heath evidence ca1

heath-evidence.ca


Health evidence ca search tool

health-evidence.ca search tool


Systemic reviews http heath evidence ca

Systemic Reviews http://heath-evidence.ca


Pre formulated searches

Pre-formulated Searches

  • Healthy People 2010 Partners in Information Access Project http://PHPartners.org/hp


Healthy people 2010 information access project http phpartners org hp

Healthy People 2010 Information Access Projecthttp://phpartners.org/hp


Public health best practices

Public Health Best Practices

  • Model Practices Database (NACCHO) http://archive.naccho.org/modelPractices

  • Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities http://www.promisingpractices.net/default.asp


Model practices database http archive naccho org modelpractices

Model Practices Database http://archive.naccho.org/modelPractices


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Model and Promising Practices


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Example of Model Practice


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities

Big Brothers Big Sisters of America


Public health databases

Public Health Databases

  • Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Project – Bibliographic Databases http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/dblist.cfm

  • Maternal and Child Health Library http://www.mchlibrary.info

  • PubMed (MEDLINE) http://pubmed.gov


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Project – Bibliographic Databaseshttp://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/dblist.cfm


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

PubMed http://pubmed.gov


Details of pubmed search

Details of PubMed Search

Mapped to Medical Subject Heading (MeSH)

teen pregnancy = pregnancy in adolescence


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

PubMed Limits


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

History of PubMed Search Session


Public health journals

Public Health Journals

  • Public Health Journals http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/journallist.cfm

  • Maternal & Child Health Journals http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/journalsKNaction.cfm

  • Free Public Health Journals http://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph/freephjournals.cfm


Free public health journal

Free Public Health Journal


Additional public health information sources

Additional Public Health Information Sources

  • Health Data and Statistics

  • Legislation and Policy

  • Government Reports

  • Meeting Abstracts & Conference Proceedings

  • News in Public Health

  • Listservs


Public health web portal http phpartners org

Public Health Web Portal: http://PHPartners.org


List of partners

List of Partners


Public health web portal http phpartners org1

Public Health Web Portal: http://PHPartners.org

Health Data & Statistics


Phpartners org health data tools statistics

PHPartners.org: Health Data Tools & Statistics


Maternal child health data sources

Maternal & Child Health Data Sources

  • Child Trends Data Bank http://www.childtrendsdatabank.org

  • National Survey of Children’s Health Data Resource Center http://nschdata.org


Public health web portal http phpartners org2

Public Health Web Portal: http://PHPartners.org

Legislation and Policy


Maternal child health policy resources

Maternal & Child Health Policy Resources

  • Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Centerhttp://www.mchpolicy.org

  • AMCHP Legislative Center

    http://www.amchp.org/legislative/index.php


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Center

http://www.mchpolicy.org


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Center


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Maternal and Child Health Policy Research Center

State Medicaid Coverage of Selected Services

Important to Children in the Absence of the EPSDT Mandate, 2005


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

AMCHP Legislative Center

http://www.amchp.org/legislative/index.php


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

PHPartners.org: Government and Other Reports


Public health web portal http phpartners org3

Public Health Web Portal: http://PHPartners.org

Public Health News Resources

Conferences & Meetings


Phpartners org suggest a link

PHPartners.org Suggest a Link


Workshop breakout title workshop breakout speaker s

Public Health Web Portal: http://PHPartners.org


Phpartners org public health tutorial

PHPartners.org: Public Health Tutorial


Training and resources from the national network of libraries of medicine http nnlm gov

Training and Resources from the National Network of Libraries of Medicinehttp://nnlm.gov


Search pathway

Search Pathway

  • Evidence-Based Guidelines

  • Systematic Reviews

  • Pre-formulated Searches

  • Best Practices

  • Bibliographic Databases

  • Journals

  • Health Data & Statistics

  • Legislation & Policy

  • Government Reports


Easy access to evidence based public health resources

Easy Access to Evidence-Based Public Health Resources

  • Evidence-Based Practice for Public Health Projecthttp://library.umassmed.edu/ebpph

  • Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce Projecthttp://PHPartners.org


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