Triumph of Parliament in England. Magna Carta , 1215. King John I forced to accept it. A list of demands made by the nobility. Created a CONTRACT between the king and the aristocracy. Established principles which limited the power of the king: Established basic legal rights.
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Magna Carta, 1215
King James Bible, 1611
The Petition of Rights, 1628
The EnglishCivil War
Civil War (1642-1649)
Regicide Beheading of Charles I, 1649
Parliament could no more exist without the Crown than the Crown without Parliament.This was the most important lesson of the English Civil War!
King Charles II 1660-1685
King James II 1685-1688
Ensured the superiority of Parliament over the monarchy
It required the monarch to summon Parliament regularly
Gave the House of Commons the “power of the purse”
A king or queen could no longer interfere in Parliamentary debates or suspend laws
Barred any Roman Catholic from sitting on the throne
Restated the traditional rights of citizens:
a. Allowed trial by jury
b. Affirmed the principle of habeas corpus- no person could be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
c. Abolished cruel and unusual punishment
Toleration Act (1689) – granted religious freedom to Puritans, Quakers, and other dissenters, though not yet to Catholics; only members of the Church of England could hold public office
Ties to America:
The Seesaw of King & Parliament: 1603-1689