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PHILOSOPHY PRINCIPLES ETHICS. Philosophy - refers to the system of concepts, principles, and values that drive what it is. Concept –Stone (1986). Guiding Healing Facilitating Modifying Restructuring Developing Influencing communicating. Process concept. Individual is unique

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Philosophy principles ethics

PHILOSOPHYPRINCIPLES ETHICS


  • Philosophy

    - refers to the system of concepts, principles, and values that drive what it is


Concept stone 1986
Concept –Stone (1986)

  • Guiding

  • Healing

  • Facilitating

  • Modifying

  • Restructuring

  • Developing

  • Influencing

  • communicating


Process concept
Process concept

  • Individual is unique

  • People has dignity

  • Our experiences are different

  • Counseling is educational in nature

  • Helping is a process with own structure and systems

  • Helping relationship is important



Concept conclusion
Concept -conclusion

  • Achieving something

  • Human services –human as unit

  • Relationship of two „different‟ individual

  • Process –dynamic

  • Technique –assist in achieving goal


Principles
principles

  • NO PERSON MAY DECIDE FOR ANOTHER WHAT OCCUPATION HE SHOULD CHOOSE BUT IT IS POSSIBLE TO HELP HIM TO APPROACH THE PROBLEM THAT SHALL COME TO WISE CONCLUSION FOR HIMSELF

    (FRANK PARSON, 1909)


Principles1
PRINCIPLES

  • … GUIDANCE DOES NOT MEAN THAT OLDER PEOPLE WILL IMPOSE IDEAS UPON CHILDREN; THE BUSINESS OF THE TEACHER IS RATHER TO PROVIDE THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH EACH CHILD WILL MAKE FOR HIMSELF THE SRIES OF CHOICES WHICH WILL DETERMINE HIS COURSE OF LIFE.

    BREWER (1918)


Principles2
PRINCIPLES

  • DO NOT GIVE ADVICE (when doing counseling) … WHAT THE COUNSELEE NEEDS IS ABILITY TO HANDLE SITUATIONS, HIMSELF, NOT ADVICE TO FOLLOW (try not to give advise as necessary as possible)

    WATSON & SPENCE (1930)


Counselling principles
COUNSELLING PRINCIPLES

  • Prosespendidikanterancangdanberterusan

  • Perkhidmatanuntuksemua (denganatautanpamasalah)

  • Keperluanbagiperkembanganpotensi

  • Bagimemahamidiridanorang lain(untukapa?)


Sambungan prinsip
Sambunganprinsip

  • Orientasi sekarang dan masa depan

  • Sedarkelemahanfokuskekuatan

  • Pengalamanmembentukindividu

  • Kesepadauan JERI

  • Berpanduankan etika (ada dokumen piawai)


Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia (1984) telah mengariskan prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

1. Bimbingandankaunselingadalahprosespendidikan. Iajugamerupakanproses yang dirancangdanberterusan.

2. Bimbingandankaunselingadalahuntuksemuapenuntut. Setiappenuntutmempunyaipeluangbagimendapatpertolongantanpamengiralatarbelakangnyadantanpamengirakaum, agama ataukepercayaan.

3. Penuntutmempunyaihakuntukmendapatkanpertolonganapabilaperlu.

4. Bimbingandankaunselingadalahuntukmelayanikeperluan-keperluanpenuntutbagiperkembanganpotensi-potensidankebolehanya.

5. Bimbingandankaunselingadalahuntukmenolongpenuntutmemahamidirinyadanorang lain denganmendalam, menjelajahtujuan-tujuanhidupnyadanmenolongmemilihdanmerancanghidupnyadenganberkesan.


6. prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-Bimbingandankaunselingadalahberorientasikanmasadepandansekarang.

7. Bimbingandankaunselingmenolongindividumenyedarikelemahan-kelemahannyadanmemberifokuskepadakekuatan-kekuatannya,

8. Pembentukanindividudipengaruhiolehkeseluruhanpengalaman.

9. Bimbingandankaunselingadalahpengetahuandankesepaduanpsikofizikalpenuntut. Inibermaknakesepaduandiantaraperasaan, sikap, akaldanrohani.

10. Bimbingandankaunselinghendaklahdijalankanberdasarkanetikakaunseling yang baik. Mematuhietikaadalahuntuktujuanmemeliharakebajikansupayaiatidakdianiyaoleh yang menolongnya.


Code of ethics
Code of ethics prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • This Code of Ethics expresses the ethical principles and values of the Counselling Association and serves as a guide to the professional conduct of all its members.

  • It also informs the public which they serve of the standards of ethical conduct for which members are to be responsible and accountable


Antara kepentingan etika kaunseling ialah
Antara prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-kepentinganetikakaunselingialah ;

  • Sebagaigarispanduantatalakukepadaahlidalammenjalankantugasnya agar sebarangkerumitanundang-undangdapatdijauhi.

  • Etikapentingsebagaiperlindungankepadaahlidaripadasebarangtindakan yang bolehmenyebabkankemarahanorangawam (public condemnation)

  • Memberiperlindungankepadaorangawamterutamakliendaripadasebarangtindakan yang tidakprofesionalolehahli yang bolehmenganggugugatkesejahteraanhidupnya.


Basic ethical guideline kitchener 1984
Basic ethical guideline –Kitchener (1984) prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Respect for autonomy

  • Non maleficience

  • Beneficence

  • Justice

  • fidelity


Respect for autonomy
RESPECT FOR AUTONOMY prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Respect for inherent freedom and dignity of each person

  • Free to make choice for themselves

  • A person without freedom is a person without dignity

  • A person is responsible for him or herself

  • Autonomy has limit –one’s action cannot interfere with the freedom of others and autonomy must be based on an understanding and meaning of implication of one’s choice


Nonmaleficence
Nonmaleficence prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Avoiding harm and preventable risks

  • Use techniques that will not harm client

  • Competency of helper

  • Client must not worse off than he or she began!


Beneficence
BENEFICENCE prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Responsible to do good to client and society at large (potential client)

  • Limit of competency

  • Promote public welfare


Justice
JUSTICE prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Obligation to act fairly

  • Recognize dignity of all people

  • Avoid bias in professional action

  • “Justice means treating equals equally and unequal unequally, in proportion to their inequality” (Kitchener, 1984)

  • Avoid prejudice of gender, race, religion, economic status


Fidelity
FIDELITY prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Faithfulness to the promises made and to the truth

  • Loyalty –place client interest ahead of our own

  • Role of trust –as client is vulnerable


Code of ethics basis
Code of Ethics -basis prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Local values

  • Not a static document

  • Respect for dignity of a person

  • Based on right and opportunities

  • Responsibility for community

  • Integrity in relationship


Kod etika perkama
KOD ETIKA -PERKAMA prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • Am

  • PenyelidikandanPenerbitan

  • PerhubunganKaunselor

  • Perundingan

  • KhidmatPersendirian

  • Latihan

  • PerkhidmatanPersonalia

  • PengukurandanPenilaian


Rujukan
RUJUKAN prinsip-prinsip bimbingan dan kaunseling yang sesuai digunakan di Malaysia seperti berikut:-

  • http://myschoolnet.ppk.kpm.my/kaunseling/panduan/cover.htm

  • Bab 2: Bacaantambahan


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