Mindtrap can you guess the answer
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Mindtrap…Can you guess the answer?. If three cats catch three mice in three minutes, how many cats would be needed to catch 100 mice in 100 minutes?. The answer is….

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Mindtrap can you guess the answer

Mindtrap…Can you guess the answer?

  • If three cats catch three mice in three minutes, how many cats would be needed to catch 100 mice in 100 minutes?


The answer is

The answer is…..

  • The same three cats would do. Since these three cats are averaging one mouse per minute, given 100 minutes, the cats could catch 100 mice.


Mindtrap can you guess the answer

Section 13.2

Setting Goals for Lifelong Fitness

Objectives

Develop a plan for achieving lifelong fitness.

Describe the three phases of exercise.


Mindtrap can you guess the answer

Health Stats This graph shows the percentage of teens who participate in vigorous physical activity on a regular basis.

How would you explain the trends in this graph?


Planning a fitness program

Planning a Fitness Program

  • Lifelong fitness is the ability to stay healthy and fit as you age.

  • To plan a successful fitness program you should define your goals, develop your program, and monitor your progress.


Define long term goals

Define Long-Term Goals

An important long-term goal of any fitness program should be lifelong fitness.

  • Choose activities that you enjoy and can continue as you age.

  • Vary your activities from day to day.

  • Combine exercise with social activities whenever possible.


Define short term goals

Define Short-Term Goals

  • In planning a fitness program, you also need to know your more immediate, or short-term goals.

  • Your goals should be specific to help you measure your progress.

  • Your time frame for reaching your goals also needs to be realistic.


Develop your fitness plan

Develop Your Fitness Plan

  • Develop a fitness plan by marking a calendar with your typical weekly schedule.

  • Your Health If you have health concerns, work with your doctor to devise an appropriate fitness plan.

  • Your Budget Do the activities require special equipment or fees?

  • Where You Live What activities are appropriate for the area where you live? Will you have to alter your plans when the seasons change?


Brain teaser

Brain Teaser

  • Question:

    • I can be quick and then I’m deadly, I am a rock, shell and bone medley. If I was made into a man, I’d make people dream, I gather in my millions by ocean, sea and stream.

    • What am I?

Answer: SAND


The fitt formula

The FITT Formula

  • FITT formula stands for frequency, intensity, time, and type.

  • Frequency To become or stay physically fit, you should exercise at least 3 to 5 times a week.

  • IntensityTarget heart rate is the rate at which your cardiovascular system receives the most benefits from exercise without working too hard.

  • Time The amount of time you spend exercising affects your level of fitness.

  • Type To prevent boredom and overuse injuries, you should practice cross-training by participating in a wide variety of activities.


Monitor your progress

Monitor Your Progress

  • You may find that you look better, sleep better, and feel more alert.

  • You might also notice that you have gained muscle strength or lost weight.

  • One good indicator of improved fitness is a drop in your resting heart rate.


Monitor your progress1

Monitor Your Progress

A chart, such as this one, can help you monitor your progress.


Alter your fitness plan

Alter Your Fitness Plan

  • As your fitness improves, your workouts may become too easy.

  • By slightly increasing the intensity or time of your workout, you should continue to see positive results.

  • Remember that, no matter what your fitness goals are, you need to combine your exercise program with healthy eating habits.


Exercise time

EXERCISE TIME

  • 10 Squats with the ball held above your head

  • 10 Pushups with your hands on the ball

  • 10 Situps

  • 10 Back Extensions


Phases of exercise

Phases of Exercise

• The safest workouts begin with a warm-up period and end with a cool-down period.

  • Stretching exercises should be part of both the warm-up and cool-down periods.


Warming up and stretching

Warming Up and Stretching

  • A warm-up is a five- to ten-minute period of mild exercise that prepares your body for a vigorous workout.

  • A warm-up should include some of the same motions as your planned activity, but at a slower pace.

  • Your warm-up should also include five to ten minutes of stretching.

  • Hold stretches for 15 seconds.


The workout

The Workout

  • The workout is when you perform an activity at its peak level.

  • To be effective, your workout should follow the FITT formula.


Cooling down and stretching

Cooling Down and Stretching

  • The cool-down is a period of mild exercise, such as walking, performed after a workout.

  • Your cool-down should be at least as long as your warm-up.

  • Stretching after your cool-down loosens muscles that may have tightened during exercise.

  • Spend at least five minutes repeating the stretches you did during your warm-up period.


Suggested exercise session

Suggested Exercise Session


Suggested exercise session1

Suggested Exercise Session


Target heart rate zone

“Target Heart Rate Zone”

  • What does the term “Target Heart Rate Zone” mean?


Target heart rate zones

“Target Heart Rate Zones”

  • It is the zone in which your heart and body are making the most gains from your exercise without being over-exerted!

  • Five levels of heart rate zones:

    • Warm up zone,

    • Fat burning zone,

    • Aerobic zone,

    • Anaerobic zone,

    • RED LINE --THE LIMIT!


Finding your pulse

Finding your “Pulse”

  • You have two carotid arteries; one on either side of your neck. To find your carotid artery, first find your adam's apple, then move two fingers to the right or left. You should be able to feel your pulse here. You can also check your brachial artery on the inside of your arm just above your bicep or the radial pulse in your wrist, although your pulse at these locations may be slightly weaker.


How to take heart rate

How to take heart rate?

  • Your heart rate is the number of times your heart beats in one minute.

  • In order to figure your heart rate, you will need a clock with a second hand or a stop watch. Once you have found your pulse, you'll want to begin timing. You can time yourself for one minute, or 10 seconds (and multiply by 6), or 6 seconds (and multiply by 10). 6 second heart rates are the simplest to do, but one minute counts are the most accurate.


Heart rate definitions

Heart Rate Definitions

  • Resting Heart Rate (RHR):The number of times your heart pumps in one minute when your body is at rest.

  • Maximum Heart Rate (MHR): The maximum number of times your heart can pump in one minute.

  • Target Heart Rate (THR): The pace you want your heart to beat while exercising. It is 60-80% of your maximum heart rate.


Standard target heart rate formula

Standard Target Heart Rate Formula

  • Max heart rate (MHR):

    • 220 – your age = max heart rate

  • Target heart rate zone:

    • 60% - 80% of MHR

    • 0.6 x MHR to 0.8 x MHR


Mindtrap can you guess the answer

Karvonen Method


Training zones

Training Zones

  • THE TRAINING ZONES:

    • Warm up zone: 50%-60% of MHR

    • Fat burning zone: 60%-70% of MHR

    • Aerobic zone: 70%-80% of MHR

    • Anaerobic zone: 80%-90% of MHR

    • The limit: 90%-100% of MHR


Training zones1

Training Zones

  • Warm up zone (50-60%):

    • Slightly elevated heart rate

    • During warm ups and cool downs

    • Best place to begin workouts!

    • Good for those just starting an exercise program

  • Fat burning zone (60-70%):

    • Burn more fat at this level because your body isn’t burning as many calories – it has the time to burn the fat that it doesn’t have the time to do at higher intensities!

    • 85% of calories burned are from fat


Training zones2

Training Zones

  • Aerobic zone (70-80%):

    • Moderate to vigorous pace

    • Works on cardiovascular and muscular endurance

    • More calories burned; 50% burned come from fat

    • Preferred zone for endurance events

  • Anaerobic zone (80-90%):

    • Used for quick bouts of speed exercise

    • Sprinters work in this zone often

    • In this zone, fatigue sets in quickly after activity

    • More calories burned—15% from fat

    • Improved cardiorespiratory system


Training zones3

Training Zones

  • The Redline/maximum Effort zone (90-100%):

    • Not typically a safe zone to work in – a person should have clearance from a doctor to work in this zone and should be in incredibly great shape.

    • Can only stay in this zone for short periods of time

  • Summary of training zones:

    • Most people should aim to stay within the fat burning and aerobic zones as this is where they will gain the most benefit!


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

lifelong fitness

The ability to stay healthy and fit as you age.

FITT formula

A fitness plan that depends on four factors of exercise: frequency, intensity, time, and type.

target heart rate

The heart rate at which your cardiovascular system receives the most benefits from exercise without working too hard.

cross-training

Participating in a wide variety of activities.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

It is important to know your current level of fitness before planning a fitness program.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance1

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your flexibility.

  • Tape a yardstick to the floor. Place the tape across the 18-inch mark.

  • Sit on the floor so that the 18-inch mark of the yardstick lines up with the bottom of your feet. Your legs should be straight in front of you. Your feet should be about 8 to 12 inches apart.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance2

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your flexibility.

  • Clasp your thumbs. With your palms down and your knees straight, slowly stretch forward and rest your fingertips on the yardstick.

  • Repeat four times. On the fourth try, hold the stretch while your partner counts the inches above or below the 18-inch mark.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance3

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your flexibility.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance4

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your abdominal muscular strength and endurance.

  • Lie on your back with your knees flexed and feet about 12 inches from your bottom. Cross your arms. Your hands should be on your shoulders and your elbows against your chest. Your partner should hold your feet.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance5

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your abdominal muscular strength and endurance.

  • Curl up until your elbows touch your thighs. Then lower down until your shoulder blades touch the floor.

  • Your partner should count how many curl-ups you complete in one minute.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance6

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your upper body muscular strength and endurance.

  • Lie face down. Your hands should be flat on the ground under your shoulders. Your legs should be straight back and slightly apart, with toes tucked.

  • Push up with your hands until your arms are straight. Keep your legs and back straight.


Assessing flexibility muscular strength and endurance7

Assessing Flexibility, Muscular Strength,and Endurance

Assess your upper body muscular strength and endurance

  • Lower your body until your elbows are at a 90-degree angle and your upper arms are parallel to the floor. An entire push- up should take 3 seconds.

  • Repeat until you cannot do a push-up every 3 seconds.


Fitness testing

Fitness Testing…..


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