Dr sara de freitas university of oxford 23rd march 2007
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the challenges of social collaboration on the internet. dr sara de freitas university of oxford: 23rd march 2007. background. based at the london knowledge lab lsrc fellowship l4all research project manager

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Dr sara de freitas university of oxford 23rd march 2007

the challenges of social collaboration on the internet

dr sara de freitas

university of oxford: 23rd march 2007


Background
background

  • based at the london knowledge lab

    • lsrc fellowship

    • l4all research project

    • manager

  • consultant to the jisc innovation strand (technology enhanced learning environments)

  • serious games research

  • innovatech llp


Summary
summary

  • self-organised criticality

  • social networks

  • web 2.0

  • implications for education

  • what are the challenges for social collaboration on the internet?

  • conclusions


1 self organised criticality
1: self-organised criticality

  • per bak (1987)

  • what is soc?

  • ‘established solely because of dynamical interactions among individual elements of the system’ (per bak, 1996:1-2)

  • soc is so ‘far the only known general mechanism to generate complexity’ (per bak, 1996:1-2)

  • tendency of large complex systems to be susceptible to ‘avalanches’/events of all sizes – no external factors


High school dating: Data drawn from Peter S. Bearman, James Moody, and Katherine Stovel, Chains of affection: The structure of adolescent romantic and sexual networks, American Journal of Sociology110, 44-91 (2004).

Yeast proteins: Sergei Maslov and Kim Sneppen, Specificity and stability in topology of protein networks, Science296, 910-913 (2002).

Source: University of Michigan, 2004


bill cheswick, lumeta corp (2004) Moody, and Katherine Stovel,


2 growth of social networks
2: growth of social networks Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

  • rapid growth of online social networks – for social and business needs (e.g. friendster, friends reunited, linkedin)

  • wider opportunities for social collaboration (e.g. collaborative book/article writing)

  • larger and more distributed social groups emerging (e.g. myspace/live chat)


Self organised communications and tools
self-organised communications and tools Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

  • blogs

  • wikis (wikipedia)

  • tagging and social book marking (del.icio.us)

  • multimedia sharing (youtube, flickr, bit torrent)

  • audio blogging and podcasting (odeo)

  • rss and syndication

  • mmorpgs (fanzine communities)


Significant change agents
significant change agents Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

  • globalisation

    • global vs local

    • control strategies vs open access

  • the internet

    • fast access to information

    • increasing amounts of data (161 billion gigabytes in 2006)

    • mass user generated content - quarter of all data is original - IDC estimates that 70% of content by 2010 will be user generated

    • user participation (1 billion in 2006)

  • social interactions

    • distributed social networks


3 what is web 2 0
3: what is web 2.0? Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

link to:http://youtube.com/watch?v=NLlGopyXT_g


4 what now for learning
4: what now for learning? Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

what implications…

  • for learning, assessment, accreditation?

  • for the universities?

    need for better alignment between:

  • policy development

  • institutional processes

  • empowering the learner?

    new learning/new learner?

  • exploratory learning

  • game-based learning

  • social interactive learning


Future learning
future learning Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

  • visions of future learning:

    • towards what end?

    • towards what skills?

  • personalised learning environments?

  • immersive learning environments?


personalised learning environments Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

(wilson et al., 2006)


Immersive learning environments
immersive learning environments Moody, and Katherine Stovel,

  • exploratory learning

    • interactivity

    • immersion

  • game-based learning

    • alternate reality gaming

    • mobile gaming

  • simulations

    • ‘gamesims’


5 what are the challenges for social collaboration on the internet
5: what are the challenges for social collaboration on the internet?

  • plagiarism debate

    • ‘cut and paste’ generation

    • description over analysis

    • different forms of assessment

  • self-organised criticality

    • highly complex systems (e.g. social networks) are vulnerable to small ‘events’

  • changing skills

    • multimodality

  • different relationship to one another and to information


6 conclusions
6: conclusions internet?

  • considerable challenges of social collaboration

    • for education

    • for society

  • need for a new vision for learning

    • immersive learning environments

  • need for greater alignment

    • policy, institutional practice and the learner

  • new opportunities for learning

    • user generated content


Links
links internet?

  • learning in immersive worlds report:

    http://www.jisc.ac.uk/eli_outcomes.html.

  • lsrc report out soon

    any feedback/comments to sara de freitas: [email protected]


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