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Erasmus Mundus MSc MEDFOR Palencia , 29 January 2013 Specialization offered by the Portuguese Catholic University (Porto): PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Erasmus Mundus MSc MEDFOR Palencia , 29 January 2013 Specialization offered by the Portuguese Catholic University (Porto): Sustainable management of Mediterranean forests : an Institutional Economics approach Américo M. S. Carvalho Mendes & the UCP (Porto) team.

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Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

ErasmusMundusMSc MEDFOR

Palencia, 29 January 2013

Specializationofferedbythe

PortugueseCatholicUniversity (Porto):

SustainablemanagementofMediterraneanforests: anInstitutionalEconomicsapproach

Américo M. S. Carvalho Mendes

& the UCP (Porto) team


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Whythisspecialization?

  • Keytopicsofthecoursecontents

    • Keyconcepts

    • Keyissues

  • Suggestions for dissertationtopics

Outline


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • The fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement

    • To manageforestsIS NOT, firstofall,to managetrees, forest stands, orforestlandscapes.

Whythisspecializa-tion?


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • The fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement

    • To manageforestsIS, firstofall,to managepeoplewhoown, valueandusethosetrees, forest stands, orforestlandscapes to sustaintheirlivelihoods.

Whythisspecializa-tion?


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Thisiswhyitisimportant to takeintoaccount:

    • theinstitutions (formal and informal social norms), communitiesandtheorganisations (families, firms, forestowners’ organisations, publicorganisations, etc.)

    • withinwhichandthroughwhich

    • humanbeings

    • behave

    • Inorder to appropriate, to valueand to useforestresources for theirlivelihoods.

Whythisspecializa-tion?


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • KEY CONCEPTS for anInstitutionalEconomicsapproach

  • THEIR RELEVANCE for major issuesspecific to Mediterraneanforestmanagement

Keytopicsinthecoursecontents


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • TypesofTHINGSpeoplevalue(GOODSandSERVICES):

    • The 5 dimensionsof a precise definitionofgoodsandservices

    • Typologyintermsofthemodeofappropriation (degreeofexclusionanddegreeofrivalry)

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • TypesofVALUESpeoplegive to things:

    • Notonly Use and Exchange Value

    • Butalso

    • Symbolicexchangevalue

    • Identityvalue

    • Cognitivevalue

    • Eudemonicvalue

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • VALUES peoplegive to actions, intentionsandpersonalitytraits (MORAL VALUES) as theinternalregulatorsofhumanBEHAVIOURS

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • SOCIAL NORMS (or INSTITUTIONS) as theexternalregulatorsofhumanbehaviours:

    • Similaritiesanddifferenceswithrespect to moral values

    • Genesisof social norms: cooperation, coordinationandconflictresolutionproblems

    • Rights (humanrights, propertyrights, etc.)

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • VALUE TRANSFORMATION PROCESSES:

    • Market processes andnonmarket processes

    • The “expansionaynature” ofthemarket processes andthetendency to economicglobalisation

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • ORGANIZATIONS:

    • General conceptoforganizations

    • Typesoforganizationsandtheirspecificities:

      • Families

      • Firms

      • Social economyorganizations

      • Stateorganizations

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • COMMUNITIES:

    • Conceptofhumancommunities

    • Economicrelevanceandeconomicpropertiesofhumancommunities

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • SUSTAINABILITY AND RESILIENCE:

    • Conceptsofsustainabilityandresilience

    • Sustainabilityandresilienceofhumanorganizations

    • Sustainabilityandresilienceofhumancommunities

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • SOCIETY and GOVERNANCE:

    • Conceptofhumansociety

    • Conceptsofgovernance (Weak vs. Goodgovernance)

    • Agencytheoryapproach to policyformulationandimplementation (resouceavailability, individual andgrouprationalityand incentive compatibility)

Keyconcepts


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Whyforestlandexpandordecreaseinthelongrun?

    • Longruntrendsinforestandotherland uses dependverymuchonthevaluespeoplegive to forestsandonthedynamicsofhumansocieties

    • Do public policies (nationalforest policies, EU polices, etc.) play a major role inthesetrends?

  • Forestland uses andmarketdynamics

    • Some forest use valuesalsohaveanexchangevalue, butothersdon’t (carbonsequestration, biodiversity, landscapequality, etc.)

    • InMediterraneanforestnonmarket use valuesare veryimportant

    • How to find a “monetaryvaluation” andaninstitutionalsetting for “internalisation” ofthosenonmarket use values?

  • Conflictingor “multifunctional” uses offorestresources?

    • Agro-pastoral uses vs. “productiveforest” uses

    • “Productiveforest” uses vs. “urban” or “conservation” uses

    • Whatinstitutions for conflictresolution?

Keyissues


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Forestpropertyrights

    • Verywidediversityofforestpropertyrights regimes inMediterraneanforests

    • Are these regimes changing? Inwhatdirection?

    • Forestlandownershipfragmentation: Isitpossible to copewithsmallscaleforestownershipinorder to improveforestmanagement? What role offorestowners’ and local developmentorganisations?

  • Forestrisks

    • ThehighrisksofforestfiresinMediterraneanforests

    • Do theseriskshavemainly a “natural” originornot?

    • Institutionalandorganisationalarrangements for forestfirepreventionandextinction

  • Public policies

    • Forestpolicyfailuresandthe fundamental mistakeofforestmanagement

    • Agencybasedapproach to forestpolicyformulationandimplementation (resouceavailability, individual andgrouprationalityand incentive compatibility)

Keyissues


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Foundationsof Social Economics

  • EconomicsandManagementof Social EconomyOrganisations

  • SustainableDevelopment

  • GovernanceofMediterraneanForests

  • ResearchMethods (quantitative, qualitative)

Courses


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Longruntrendsinforestandnonforestland uses accrosstheMediterraneancountries

    • Descriptionwithcomparable data

    • Analysis: maininfluentialfactors

    • Roles ofpublic policies

  • Nonmarket use valuesofMediterraneanforests

    • Monetaryvaluation

    • Successful cases ofinternalisation

  • Conflictingor “multifunctional” uses ofofforestresources?

    • Successfulandnonsuccessful cases of “multifunctional” uses

    • Institutionalarrangements for successful “multifunctionality”

Suggestions for dissertationtopics


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

  • Forestpropertyrights

    • Description: varietyofforestpropertyrights regimes accrossMediterraneancountries

    • Analysis: Are these regimes changing? Where, howandwhy?

  • Modesofcollectiveorganisationofforestownersandusers

    • Description: privateforestowners’ organisations, communalforests, hunters, etc.

    • Analysis: Do theseformsofcollectiveactionhaveanimpactonforestmanagement?

  • Forestfires

    • Role ofhumanand social factorsinforestfiresintheMediterraneancountries

    • Institutionalarrangements for forestfirespreventionandextinction: Are therebestpractices? Are theytransferable?

  • Public policies

    • Implementationanalysisof a forestprogrammmebasedontheagencytheoryframework (identificationofimplementationsuccessesorfailures; explanationoftheseimplementationgaps)

Suggestions for dissertationtopics


Erasmus mundus msc medfor palencia 29 january 2013 specialization offered by the portuguese catholic university porto

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

FOR YOUR ATTENTION

[email protected]


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