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Chapter Fourteen. Windows XP Professional Fault Tolerance. Objectives. Define IntelliMirror technology and describe its key features Back up data and settings on Windows XP Professional Recover a Windows XP Professional client’s applications and data Use the emergency repair process.

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Chapter fourteen

Chapter Fourteen

Windows XP Professional Fault Tolerance


  • Define IntelliMirror technology and describe its key features

  • Back up data and settings on Windows XP Professional

  • Recover a Windows XP Professional client’s applications and data

  • Use the emergency repair process


  • Perform preventive maintenance

  • Install and use the Recovery Console

  • Describe remote operating system installation and how it can be used with IntelliMirror to recover an entire PC remotely

Microsoft intellimirror
Microsoft IntelliMirror

  • Term used to describe features of Windows XP that help ensure the availability of a user’s data and computer configuration

  • Three key elements of IntelliMirror:

    • User data management

    • User settings management

    • Software installation and maintenance

Microsoft intellimirror1
Microsoft IntelliMirror

  • Greatly reduces the need for and cost of administrative intervention

  • Plays a crucial role in both:

    • Disaster protection

    • Disaster recovery

Data backup
Data Backup

  • IntelliMirror technologies in Windows XP enable users to store and synchronize their data easily in a specified network location

  • Folder redirection

    • Uses group policies to place specified user folders on a share on the network

Data backup1
Data Backup

Figure 14-1: The My Documents Properties dialog box, Target tab

Pc configuration and repair
PC Configuration and Repair

  • Personalized machine settings can be accessed by Windows XP Professional users from whatever machine they use on the network

  • If a user’s machine crashes or is unavailable, its user environments can be easily transferred to a new machine

    • Essentially, this is the same thing as a roaming profile

Application installation and repair
Application Installation and Repair

  • Windows Installer Service (WIS)

    • A Windows XP component that manages the installation and removal of applications by applying a set of centrally defined setup rules during the installation process

    • Can also be used to create a software package for end users

Microsoft backup utility
Microsoft Backup Utility

  • Methods of backing up a PC using external tools

    • Tape drives

    • External hard disks

    • Zip or Jaz drives

    • Recordable CD-ROM drives

    • Logical drives

Microsoft backup utility1
Microsoft Backup Utility

  • There are three main functions Backup

    • Back up programs and files

    • Restore programs and files

    • Create an ASR (Automated System Recovery) data set

Microsoft backup utility2
Microsoft Backup Utility

Figure 14-2: The Welcome tab of the Backup Utility

Microsoft backup utility3
Microsoft Backup Utility

14-3: The Backup tab of Backup Utility

Microsoft backup utility4
Microsoft Backup Utility

  • System State data

    • Collection of system-specific data that can be backed up and restored using the Windows XP Backup utility

  • Backup type

    • Backup configuration that determines how data is backed up and how old and new files are handled

Backup types
Backup Types

  • Copy backup

    • Backs up all selected files without marking them as being backed up

  • Normal (or full) backup

    • Backs up all selected files and marks them as being backed up

  • Daily backup

    • Backs up only the selected files that have been created or modified on the day the backup is being performed

Backup types1
Backup Types

  • Differential backup

    • Backs up selected files that have been created or modified since the last full backup

  • Incremental backup

    • Backs up selected files that have been created or modified since the last normal or incremental backup

Preventative maintenance
Preventative Maintenance

  • Device driver rollback

    • Removes the current driver for a device and re-initializes the previous driver

Figure 14-4: The Driver tab of device’s Properties dialog box

Preventative maintenance1
Preventative Maintenance

  • Windows File Protection (WFP)

    • Ensures that the correct and uncorrupted versions of certain core files are retained on the system at all times

    • Protects its list of sacred files from changes due to application installation, virus infection, and even human error

    • Works in the background, watching for attempted writes to its monitored files

Preventative maintenance2
Preventative Maintenance

  • Automatic Update – Windows Update

    • The first time an update is available on the Windows Update Web site, Windows XP prompts you to configure how these updates are handled: automatic installation, notify or manually

  • Desktop Cleanup Wizard

    • A nag that asks your permission to remove unused icons from the desktop

Preventative maintenance3
Preventative Maintenance

  • Hibernate vs. Standby

    • Hibernation under Windows XP saves the System State to the hard drive and performs a system shutdown

    • Standby is a feature added to a system through support for APM (Advanced Power Management) or ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)

Repairing windows xp professional
Repairing Windows XP Professional

  • Options for repairing or restoring your PC:

    • Safe Mode

    • System Restore

    • Recovery Console

    • Emergency repair process

    • Remote OS installation

System restore
System Restore

  • New mechanism for maintaining a functioning user environment

  • Can be used to return the OS to a previously saved state

  • Controlled and managed through two interfaces:

    • System Restore tab of the System applet

    • System Restore tool

System restore1
System Restore

Figure 14-5: The System Restore tool

Recovery console
Recovery Console

  • Command-line interface that provides administrative tools useful for recovering a system that is not booting correctly

  • You can access the Recovery Console in one of two ways:

    • From a command prompt, change directories to your Windows XP CD

    • Use the Windows XP CD or startup disks to start your computer

Emergency repair process
Emergency Repair Process

  • If your problem is caused by corrupt or missing files, your startup environment, or your partition boot sector, you might want to use the emergency repair process

  • Two options for repairing Windows XP

    • Fast repair

    • Manual repair

Remote os installation
Remote OS Installation

  • Can install Windows XP Professional on remote-boot enabled PCs across a network

  • A component of Remote Installation Server (RIS)

    • RIS is an optional service in Windows Server that works with various other services to enable remote installations

Remote os installation1
Remote OS Installation

  • PXE (Pre-boot Execution)

    • Standard environment in PC98-compliant computers and network computers that can be used for a remote OS installation

  • Remote Installation Preparation (RIPrep)

    • An administrator can take an entire image of one Windows XP Professional machine and install it onto other workstations

Chapter summary
Chapter Summary

  • Be familiar with IntelliMirror’s features functions

  • Windows XP includes built-in backup features

  • You can use the emergency repair process or ASR to repair a system that has failed

Chapter summary1
Chapter Summary

  • You can use the System Restore feature to return the system to a previously saved state

  • You can use the driver rollback to remove a bad driver and return to a previously functioning driver

  • You can rely upon WFP to keep your system files in working order

Chapter summary2
Chapter Summary

  • You can use Automatic Updates to keep your system in line with the latest patches from Microsoft

  • You can install and use the Recovery Console to recover user settings in the event of a system failure

  • You can use the Remote Installation Services (RIS) for a complete remote system restoration