MASA 2009 Fall Conference: Expanding the Circle of Influence. High Performance Green School Buildings Help the environment and redirect utility costs. High Performance (HP) Green Building. Is one that, during its life-cycle:
Is one that, during its life-cycle:
As defined by the Congressional Research Service High Performance Green Buildings Act of 2007
U.S. Green Building Council Influence
Enhanced Academic Outcomes
Reduce Utility Costs
Building A Learning Lab
Students in well day-lit spaces progressed
20% faster in math & 26% faster in readingLighting and Learning
has been proven to:
Improve Cognitive Learning
Reduce Off Task Behavior
Foster Higher Student Achievement
14 studies found that temperature control showed productivity improvements from 0.5% - 15%Creating (Thermal) Comfort
Teachers emphasized the importance of having
the ability to control the temperature of their
space as a part of their ability to perform
68° - 74° Fahrenheit
40% - 75% Humidity
consonants are lost
in rooms without
surfacesImpacts of Acoustics
Noise Levels Effect:
Application of Learning
Noise Levels Increase:
Feelings of Helplessness
The U.S. General Accounting
Office has found that 15,000
schools suffer from poor Indoor
Air Quality, affecting more than 8 million children or 1 out of 5 children in America’s schools.Indoor Air Quality
A Growing Number of Studies Link Educational
Achievement and Student Performance to the
Quality of the Air in Schools.
17 separate studies all found positive health impacts from improved indoor air-quality, ranging from 13.5% to 87% improvement.Indoor Air Quality
IF poor air quality leads to unhealthy students & teachers.
THEN unhealthy students & teachers cannot
perform as well as healthy ones which
EQUALS higher absenteeism.
RUC InfluenceGeothermal vs. Traditional HVAC
A study by the EPA showed that GeoExchange
RUC InfluenceGeothermal vs. Traditional HVAC
If the nation’s schools converted to GeoExchange,
we could reduce oil imports by
61 million barrels annually.
Geothermal is very
competitive on initial costs
and lower lifecycle costs than
most HVAC systems with savings of 25-50%
on energy consumption
RUC InfluenceLighting - Enhanced Bulbs
Compact Fluorescent Light bulbs use about 75% less energy than standard incandescent bulbs and last up to 10 times longer and produce 75% less heat.
T8 Fluorescent Lamps use 40% less energy than T12 lamps and have a cooler and quieter operation. Replacement costs typically recouped within two years.
Commercial LED lighting products use at least 80-90% less energy, lasts 35 times longer than incandescent lighting and produces virtually no heat.
RUC InfluenceBalancing Light and Daylight
Provides biological stimulation for hormones that regulate body systems and moods
Provides opportunities for natural ventilation
Offsets part of the electric lighting load
Reduces cooling requirements
RUC InfluenceLighting - Controls
Lighting controls can help save energy and extend the
life of lamps and ballasts
Lighting controls will help reduce energy by:
RUC InfluenceLighting Levels
Add Roof Monitors & Windows
Distribute Light Deep into Spaces
Brighten Gyms with Clerestory Windows
Utilize Light Shelves
Consider Fiber Optic Lighting
Add Skylights Throughout
RUC InfluenceWater Conservation
Basic efficiency measures can reduce a school’s water use by at least 30%
Green school’s reduce
water consumption by
using efficient technology
and fixtures both inside
and outside the
RUC InfluenceWater Conservation Fixtures
Dual-action 1.1 / 1.6 gallon flush toilet use 30%
less water compared to conventional 1.6-gallon
Low-flow faucet aerators can reduce water
consumption by as much as 50%, and reduce
your energy cost of heating, transporting and
processing the water.
7-8% of US energy consumption is for moving or treating water.
Energy costs make up 80% of the typical water bill.
High Performance Buildings Magazine, Summer 2008Water Conservation
Achieves direct savings for the building/district
Reduces usage and lowers energy production
causing reductions in GHG and ODP
Reduces embodied energy required
to deliver, transport and treat water
RUC InfluenceReducing Electricity Loads: Computers
If you shut off one computer each night, you’ll save an average of $90 in electricity/computer per year.
The DOE recommends powering off:
Inactive monitors after 20 minutes
Processors after 2 hours
RUC InfluenceReducing Electricity Loads: Vending
If the 4 million vending machines
(and glass front coolers) in the US were
equipped with EnergyMiser would save
15 billion kWf of electricity
The Equivalent of
2 Power Plants!
RUC InfluenceReducing Electricity Loads: Renewables
Wind, Solar & Geothermal
Our ability to reduce our demand on conventional
energy sources helps also our ability to reduce
green house gas and therefore our ability to have a positive effect on the environment.
BLL InfluenceScience Options from Green Features
BLL InfluenceMake Buildings Systems Visible
BLL InfluenceSite Elements Educate on Sustainability
Green features may also be incorporated into school design as teaching tools.
Students often learn better when abstract concepts are demonstrated to them visually.
BLL InfluenceIntegrating Building and Curriculum
HP green school buildings provide a great backdrop
for environmental curriculum.
Science: Energy Principles / Conservation of Energy / Heat Transfer / Water Cycles / Plant Life / Atmosphere / Weather
Math: Conversion of Units / Volume Calculations / Optimization of Temperatures / Calculations of HVAC Efficiencies / Carbon Footprint Calculations
Economics:Impact of Fuel Costs / Green Building Break Even Points / International Commerce / Net Carbon Market Trading
Social Science: Cultural Attitudes Toward Consumption / Environmental Awareness / Energy and Environmental Impacts on Social Systems
Independent Research Projects
STP InfluenceEnvironmental Stewardship
STP InfluenceReduce Green House Gas Emissions
STP InfluenceStormwater: Quality & Quantity
STP InfluenceGreen Policies
Contribute to a better environment thru…
Mission: To bring awareness of the benefits of “green schools”
Aim: Ensure green schools for all children within a generation.
GSAC Helps spread the word about benefits of “green schools” to Boards, Teachers and Parents.
Work at state and federal level to encourage sustainable schools and funding for special initiatives.
Over the life of a building, costs related to operations are more than three times higher than initial construction costs.
Potential % Increase by Level
The potential small increase in construction costs for a green school is paid back multiple times over the life of the building.
The Rebuild Michigan Program
Assists public K-12 schools, colleges, universities, local governments and public housing authorities with improving the energy efficiency of their buildings.
This program offers:
Attractive Financing Information
Eligible public institutions can make improvements with little or no upfront capital