Nationalism. Chapter 24 Section 1 and 2. Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Italian and German Unification. Objectives Students will explore how nationalism stirred in Italy after the Congress of Vienna
Chapter 24 Section 1 and 2
Click the icon to play Listen to History audio.
Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps.
Italian and German Unification
The Congress of Vienna
Mazzini and Young Italy
Cavour and Sardinia
The Path Toward Unity
As Italian nationalism grew, some Italians led unsuccessful rebellions. Then two men rose to lead a successful movement to unify Italy.
Camillo di Cavour
Sardinia and Italy
Cavour is considered the “Brains” of Italian Unification
Garibaldi and the Red Shirts
The “sword” of Italy
The Red Shirts
Control and Elections
Social, Economic Problems
Challenges After Unification
In the years after unification, Italy faced many new challenges. Although politically unified, Italy had to deal with a number of social and economic problems.
A New Foreign Policy
Reforms and Empire
Steps Toward Unification
Germany was not a unified nation in 1848, although the patchwork of independent states did have a common language and culture.
Creating the German Empire
Peace treaty had far-reaching consequences
Bismarck and Wilhelm II
A New Government
Government and the Church
The Empire’s Growth and Change
In the years after 1871, Germany prospered. Under the leadership of Wilhelm I and Bismarck, Germany developed into a strong empire. This period was known as the Second Reich, or empire, because Germans considered the Holy Roman Empire to be the First Reich.
This struggle between the government and the church was known as Kulturkampf, which means “the struggle for culture.”
The purpose of nationalist movements is to create independent nations under their own authority
Unrest in Russia
In the 1800s and early 1900s, Russians rebelled against the absolute power of the czar and demanded social reforms.
Government and Society
The Decembrist Revolt
Reform and Repression
Russians wanted more freedoms. But Russia’s conservative czars were resistant to reform, which led to revolts, unrest, and repression.
Reforms of Alexander II
Reform and Repression
Alexander II made other reforms to modernize Russia
Different Form of Unrest
Industrialization under Nicholas
Unrest Under Alexander II
War and Revolution
The October Manifesto
In response to the rebellions and strikes, Nicholas II issued the October Manifesto, an official promise for reform and a more democratic government.