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Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues. Lawrence Jeff Johnson Chief, Employment Trends International Labour Organisation Geneva Switzerland. Global employment trends. Global Unemployment trends. Unemployment Rates: by region, 2005.

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global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland

starting point
Starting Point
  • The promotion of decent and productive work should be the central aim of economic development
  • In today’s world of widening inequality, differences in productivity emerge as an important policy factor towards creating the conditions for decent work and poverty reduction.
policy issues
Policy Issues
  • How to ensure that we get the right balance between productivity growth and job creation for each country?
  • What are the most important rural development policies for improving productivity, generating decent employment and reducing poverty?
  • How to balance flexibility and security in the labour market to promote economy-wide productivity and growth?
  • How to overcome the “productivity divide” between large and small scale business activities?
virtuous spiral
Virtuous Spiral

Increased Demand & Well-Being

Increased Technological Change

Sustainable & Expanding Growth

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Demand, Increased Output

Decent Work & Employment Growth

IncreasedReal Earnings & Social Benefits

Technological Improvements

Productivity & Output Growth

Increased Investments & Demand

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Well-Being & Diminished Inequality

Increased Real Wages

Increased Earnings

Increased Productivity

slide15

K I L M

Key

Indicatorsof theLabour

Market

2 0 0 5

slide16

Questions:

  • What types of economic activities are people engaged in?
  • What is the size and composition of the labour force?
  • How many hours do people work and how much do they earn for this work?
  • How many people are without work and looking for work?
  • What types of inequalities exist, for example in terms of earnings and employment situation?
  • Are earnings keeping pace with the cost of living?
  • How are youth and women faring in the labour market?
slide17

When developing indicators, one must strike a balance between:

Coverage

Comparability

Maximize scope of coverage, i.e., provide the greatest number of data points for the greatest number of countries

  • Harmonize the indicators across countries and time
  • (same type of sources, sampling procedures, methodologies and definitions)
slide18

Key Indicators of the Labour Market

  • Labour force participation rate
  • Employment-to-population ratio
  • Status in employment
  • Employment by sector
  • Part-time workers
  • Unemployment by educational attainment
  • Hours of work
  • Time-related underemployment
  • Informal sector employment
  • Inactivity rate
  • Unemployment
  • Educational attainment and illiteracy
  • Youth unemployment
  • Real manufacturing wage indices
  • Long-term unemployment
  • Occupational wages rates & earnings
  • Hourly compensation costs
  • Productivity and unit labour cost
  • Labour market flows
  • Poverty and income distribution
slide19

Labour force participation rates and GDP per capita at PPP, 1990

Note: The middle curve is a smooth version of the scatter plot, obtained by cubic splines.

employment trends research

WER

KILM

Global Employment Trends

Special Reports for Youth & Women

Employment Trends Research
labor market information employment trends

Labor Market Information & Employment Trends

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland

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