Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues
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Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues. Lawrence Jeff Johnson Chief, Employment Trends International Labour Organisation Geneva Switzerland. Global employment trends. Global Unemployment trends. Unemployment Rates: by region, 2005.

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Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues

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Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland

Global employment trends

Global Unemployment trends

Unemployment Rates: by region, 2005

The share of working poor in total employment, 1995-2005

US$1 working poverty around the world(global estimate 520 million in 2005)

2 dollar pie

Share of US$1 working poor, 1990-2015

Share of US$2 working poor, 1990-2015

430 million new entrants into the global labour force (2005-2015)

Starting Point

  • The promotion of decent and productive work should be the central aim of economic development

  • In today’s world of widening inequality, differences in productivity emerge as an important policy factor towards creating the conditions for decent work and poverty reduction.

Policy Issues

  • How to ensure that we get the right balance between productivity growth and job creation for each country?

  • What are the most important rural development policies for improving productivity, generating decent employment and reducing poverty?

  • How to balance flexibility and security in the labour market to promote economy-wide productivity and growth?

  • How to overcome the “productivity divide” between large and small scale business activities?

Virtuous Spiral

Increased Demand & Well-Being

Increased Technological Change

Sustainable & Expanding Growth

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Demand, Increased Output

Decent Work & Employment Growth

IncreasedReal Earnings & Social Benefits

Technological Improvements

Productivity & Output Growth

Increased Investments & Demand

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Well-Being & Diminished Inequality

Increased Real Wages

Increased Earnings

Increased Productivity



Indicatorsof theLabour


2 0 0 5


  • What types of economic activities are people engaged in?

  • What is the size and composition of the labour force?

  • How many hours do people work and how much do they earn for this work?

  • How many people are without work and looking for work?

  • What types of inequalities exist, for example in terms of earnings and employment situation?

  • Are earnings keeping pace with the cost of living?

  • How are youth and women faring in the labour market?

When developing indicators, one must strike a balance between:



Maximize scope of coverage, i.e., provide the greatest number of data points for the greatest number of countries

  • Harmonize the indicators across countries and time

  • (same type of sources, sampling procedures, methodologies and definitions)

Key Indicators of the Labour Market

  • Labour force participation rate

  • Employment-to-population ratio

  • Status in employment

  • Employment by sector

  • Part-time workers

  • Unemployment by educational attainment

  • Hours of work

  • Time-related underemployment

  • Informal sector employment

  • Inactivity rate

  • Unemployment

  • Educational attainment and illiteracy

  • Youth unemployment

  • Real manufacturing wage indices

  • Long-term unemployment

  • Occupational wages rates & earnings

  • Hourly compensation costs

  • Productivity and unit labour cost

  • Labour market flows

  • Poverty and income distribution

Labour force participation rates and GDP per capita at PPP, 1990

Note: The middle curve is a smooth version of the scatter plot, obtained by cubic splines.

Employment by 1-digit sector level (ISIC 3), latest years

Annual number of hours worked per person

Growth in value added per worker, total economy (1993-latest year)



Global Employment Trends

Special Reports for Youth & Women

Employment Trends Research

Labor Market Information & Employment Trends

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland

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