Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues
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Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues. Lawrence Jeff Johnson Chief, Employment Trends International Labour Organisation Geneva Switzerland. Global employment trends. Global Unemployment trends. Unemployment Rates: by region, 2005.

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Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Global and Regional Labour Market Information & Employment Trends and Issues

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland


Global employment trends

Global employment trends


Global unemployment trends

Global Unemployment trends


Unemployment rates by region 2005

Unemployment Rates: by region, 2005


The share of working poor in total employment 1995 2005

The share of working poor in total employment, 1995-2005


Us 1 working poverty around the world global estimate 520 million in 2005

US$1 working poverty around the world(global estimate 520 million in 2005)


2 dollar pie

2 dollar pie


Share of us 1 working poor 1990 2015

Share of US$1 working poor, 1990-2015


Share of us 2 working poor 1990 2015

Share of US$2 working poor, 1990-2015


430 million new ent rants into the global labour force 2005 2015

430 million new entrants into the global labour force (2005-2015)


Starting point

Starting Point

  • The promotion of decent and productive work should be the central aim of economic development

  • In today’s world of widening inequality, differences in productivity emerge as an important policy factor towards creating the conditions for decent work and poverty reduction.


Policy issues

Policy Issues

  • How to ensure that we get the right balance between productivity growth and job creation for each country?

  • What are the most important rural development policies for improving productivity, generating decent employment and reducing poverty?

  • How to balance flexibility and security in the labour market to promote economy-wide productivity and growth?

  • How to overcome the “productivity divide” between large and small scale business activities?


Virtuous spiral

Virtuous Spiral

Increased Demand & Well-Being

Increased Technological Change

Sustainable & Expanding Growth

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Demand, Increased Output

Decent Work & Employment Growth

IncreasedReal Earnings & Social Benefits

Technological Improvements

Productivity & Output Growth

Increased Investments & Demand

Poverty Alleviation

Increased Well-Being & Diminished Inequality

Increased Real Wages

Increased Earnings

Increased Productivity


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

K I L M

Key

Indicatorsof theLabour

Market

2 0 0 5


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Questions:

  • What types of economic activities are people engaged in?

  • What is the size and composition of the labour force?

  • How many hours do people work and how much do they earn for this work?

  • How many people are without work and looking for work?

  • What types of inequalities exist, for example in terms of earnings and employment situation?

  • Are earnings keeping pace with the cost of living?

  • How are youth and women faring in the labour market?


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

When developing indicators, one must strike a balance between:

Coverage

Comparability

Maximize scope of coverage, i.e., provide the greatest number of data points for the greatest number of countries

  • Harmonize the indicators across countries and time

  • (same type of sources, sampling procedures, methodologies and definitions)


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Key Indicators of the Labour Market

  • Labour force participation rate

  • Employment-to-population ratio

  • Status in employment

  • Employment by sector

  • Part-time workers

  • Unemployment by educational attainment

  • Hours of work

  • Time-related underemployment

  • Informal sector employment

  • Inactivity rate

  • Unemployment

  • Educational attainment and illiteracy

  • Youth unemployment

  • Real manufacturing wage indices

  • Long-term unemployment

  • Occupational wages rates & earnings

  • Hourly compensation costs

  • Productivity and unit labour cost

  • Labour market flows

  • Poverty and income distribution


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Labour force participation rates and GDP per capita at PPP, 1990

Note: The middle curve is a smooth version of the scatter plot, obtained by cubic splines.


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Employment by 1-digit sector level (ISIC 3), latest years


Global and regional labour market information employment trends and issues

Annual number of hours worked per person


Growth in value added per worker total economy 1993 latest year

Growth in value added per worker, total economy (1993-latest year)


Employment trends research

WER

KILM

Global Employment Trends

Special Reports for Youth & Women

Employment Trends Research


Labor market information employment trends

Labor Market Information & Employment Trends

Lawrence Jeff Johnson

Chief, Employment TrendsInternational Labour Organisation

Geneva Switzerland


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