The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-20, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and National Implementation. Robert HÖFT, CBD Secretariat Addis Ababa, March 2011. Aichi-Nagoya Outcomes (COP-10 / MOP-5). 47 decisions of COP-10, including: Nagoya Protocol on ABS
The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-20, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
and National Implementation
Robert HÖFT, CBD Secretariat
Addis Ababa, March 2011.
Life in harmony,
into the future
State Biodiversity Targets
GBO-3, afterButchartetal 2010
GBO-3: Action needed this decade Biodiversity Targets
The action taken over the next decade or two will determine whether the relatively stable environmental conditions on which human civilization has depended for the past 10,000 years will continue beyond this century.
If we fail to use this opportunity, many ecosystems on the planet will move into new, unprecedented states in which the capacity to provide for the needs of present and future generations is highly uncertain (“tipping points”).
Greater range of options than previously recognized
Inaction is more expensive in the long run than investing in action now
Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 Biodiversity Targets
Framework for all Conventions and stakeholders.
Vision: Living in harmony with nature. By 2050, biodiversity is valued, conserved, restored and wisely used, maintaining ecosystem services, sustaining a healthy planet and delivering benefits essential for all people.”
Mission Take effective and urgent action to halt the loss of biodiversity in order to ensure that by 2020 ecosystems are resilient and continue to provide essential services, thereby securing the planet’s variety of life, and contributing to human well-being, and poverty eradication
20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Strategic Goals Biodiversity Targets
Strategic goal A. Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss
Target 1: By 2020, People are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Target 2: By 2020, biodiversity values are integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and national accounts …
Target 3: By 2020, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed …….
Target 4: By 2020, Governments, business and stakeholders have plans for sustainable production and consumption and keep the impacts resource use within safe ecological limits.
Strategic goal B. Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
Target 5: By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
Target 6: By 2020 all stocks managed and harvested sustainably, so that overfishing is avoided …….
Target 7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Target 8: By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
Target 9: By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
Target 10: By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
Strategic goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
Target 11: By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas are conserved through systems of protected areas…...
Target 12: By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
Target 13: By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives is maintained,
Strategic goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
Target 14: By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services are restored and safeguarded,
Target 15: By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems,
Target 16: By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefits Sharing is in force and operational
Strategic goal E. Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
Target 17: By 2015 each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated NBSAP.
Target 18: By 2020, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities and their customary use, are respected.
Target 19: By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.
Target 20: By 2020, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources,, should increase substantially .
Target 1: By 2020, … People are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Target 2: By 2020, … biodiversity values are integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and national accounts …
Target 3: By 2020, … incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, .
Target 4: By 2020, … Governments, business and stakeholders have plans for sustainable production and consumption and keep the impacts resource use within safe ecological limits.
National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans biodiversity loss
Next Steps biodiversity loss
Decision X/2 on the Strategic Plan urges Parties with the support of other organizations to:
Capacity building workshops biodiversity loss
www.cbd.int/sp/sp2010p biodiversity loss
X/1. Nagoya Protocol on Access Benefit Sharing
X/2. The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets
X/3. Strategy for Resource Mobilization
X/4. Global Biodiversity Outlook
X/5. Implementation of the Convention
X/6. Biodiversity and poverty eradication and development
X/7. Goals and targets and associated indicators
X/8. UN Decade on Biodiversity 2011-2020
X/9. The multi-year programme of work
X/10. National reporting
X/12. Ways and means to improve the effectiveness of SBSTTA
X/13. New and emerging issues
X/14. Retirement of decisions
X/15. Clearing-house mechanism
X/16. Technology transfer and cooperation
X/17. Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020
X/18. CEPA and IYB
X/19. Gender mainstreaming
X/20. Cooperation with other conventions and initiatives
X/21. Business engagement
X/22. Plan of Action on Cities and Local Authorities
X/23. South-South Cooperation
X/24. Review of guidance to the financial mechanism
X/25. Additional guidance to the financial mechanism
X/26. Assessment of the amount of funds needed for GEF-6
X/27. 4th review of the effectiveness of the financial mechanism
X/28. Inland waters biodiversity
X/29. Marine and coastal biodiversity
X/30. Mountain biological diversity
X/31. Protected areas
X/32. Sustainable use of biodiversity
X/33. Biodiversity and climate change
X/34. Agricultural biodiversity
X/35. Biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands
X/36. Forest biodiversity
X/37. Biofuels and biodiversity
X/38. Invasive alien species
X/39. Global Taxonomy Initiative
X/40. Mechanisms for the effective participation of indigenous and local communities
X/41. Elements of sui generis systems for the protection of traditional knowledge
X/42. The Tkarihwaié:ri code of ethical conduct
X/43. Multi-year programme of work on Article 8(j) and related provisions
X/44. Incentive measures
X/45. Administration and budget 2011-2012
X/46. Date and venue of COP-11
X/47. Tribute to the Government and
people of Japan