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Forest Certification Introduction and Current Trends Global Forestry Forum April 2005 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Forest Certification Introduction and Current Trends Global Forestry Forum April 2005. What is Forest Certification?. Market-based instrument for differentiating sustainable managed forest products (voluntary green label) Consistent with ISO 14001 but goes further

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Forest Certification Introduction and Current Trends Global Forestry Forum April 2005

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Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

Forest Certification

Introduction and Current Trends

Global Forestry Forum

April 2005


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

What is Forest Certification?

  • Market-based instrument for differentiating sustainable managed forest products (voluntary green label)

  • Consistent with ISO 14001 but goes further

  • Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification was initiated in 1992 after the Rio world environmental summit in lieu of an international forestry convention such as UNFCC (climate change), CBD (biodiversity), etc.

  • Multiple schemes evolved: SFI, PEFC, CSA, ATO, national in Indonesia, Brazil, Malaysia


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

FSC System and Process

  • 9 principles; 32 standards and criteria

  • FM (forest managment) COC (chain of custody) are two types of certificates

  • national standards based on national initiatives through working groups

  • third-party certification and audits

  • accredited certification bodies under FSC - SGS, Smartwood,

  • strong on balance of social, environmental and economic elements (Credibility)


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

Other Schemes

  • USA: Sustainable Forest Initiative (SFI)

  • Canada: Canadian Standards (CSA)

  • Europe: Pan- European Forest Certification (PEFC) (many smallholders and cooperatives)

  • National initiatives and standards (under FSC or independently)


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

Certification: A Changing Standard in the Marketplace

  • A growing world phenomenon

  • Promoted by DIY and others to consumer: supply of 50% of market in USA..

  • Buyers groups in 17 countries; 12 producers groups and expanding

  • 20 Chain of Custody certifications in China

FSC Area Certified Annually and Cumulative


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

How much World Area is Certified?

  • 176 M Hectares of Forest all schemes

    (growth in Canada is most recent trend)

  • 39 M Hectares FSC certified

  • 1 M Hectares community enterprises or CFEs


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

FSC Certification Data


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

A Number of Challenges

  • Plantations competing with NFs

  • Market does not usually pay a premium

  • FSC can become gold standard--how high?

  • Hard to advance in tropical forest countries

  • Complexity: Non-timber and ecosystem services and cultural values

  • Equity: Few communities find certification in their reach

  • What is the role of government--not currently in FSC but is often a big forest land owner


Forest certification introduction and current trends global forestry forum april 2005

Forest Trends Series on Forest Certification

  • Forest Certification and Communities: Looking forward to the Next Decade

  • Forest Certification in Complex Socio-Political Settings: Looking forward to the Next Decade

  • Forest Certification and Governments: The Real and Potential Influence on Regulatory Frameworks and Forest Policies

  • Forest Certification and Small Forest Enterprises: Key Trends and Impacts – Benefits and Barriers

  • Beyond Timber: Certification of Non-Timber Forest Products

  • Forest Certification and Ecosystem Services


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