Implement policies on sodium reduction
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Implement Policies on Sodium Reduction. What is Sodium?. NaCl (table salt) Maintain balance of fluids Helps to transmit nerve impulses Aids in contraction and relaxation of muscles. Dietary Recommendations. Recommended levels of sodium intake : Less than 2,300 mg/day

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Implement Policies on Sodium Reduction

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Implement policies on sodium reduction

Implement Policies on Sodium Reduction


What is sodium

What is Sodium?

  • NaCl (table salt)

  • Maintain balance of fluids

  • Helps to transmit nerve impulses

  • Aids in contraction and relaxation of muscles


Dietary recommendations

Dietary Recommendations

  • Recommended levels of sodium intake :

    Less than 2,300 mg/day

  • Majority of adults’ actual sodium intake:

    More than 3,400 mg/day


Where s the salt

Where’s the salt?

77 percent of a person’s salt intake comes from restaurant or processed food.


High sodium foods

High Sodium Foods


High sodium intake s effect on health

High Sodium Intake’s Effect on Health

  • Cardiovascular diseases

    • High blood pressure / hypertension

      • about 68 million U.S. adults (1 in 3) have hypertension

    • Heart Disease

    • Stroke

  • Only 46% of adults with hypertension had adequately controlled blood pressure


Did you know

Did you know?

High blood pressure is known as the silent killer since usually it does not have warning signs or symptoms.


Sodium reduction benefits on health

Sodium Reduction Benefits on Health

  • Evidence supports a strong, direct relationship between blood pressure and vascular (blood vessels) mortality

  • Average blood pressure was in patients with resistant hypertension (high blood pressure) when switched from a high to low sodium diet

  • In most individuals blood pressure is reduced within days reducing sodium intake


What should we do

What should we do?

  • WHO states that population-wide reductions in dietary sodium consumption are highly cost effective. There is a need to give priority to implement national strategies and policies aiming at the reduction of dietary salt consumption.


Law and policy

Law and Policy

  • Food and Drug Administration

    • Nutrition labeling

      • Improve effectiveness of the Nutrition Facts Panel through labeling

    • Menu labeling/Sodium Claims

      • Expand regulations under the Nutrition Labeling Education Act of 1990 (NLEA) to cover sodium content claims on menu items

    • Daily Value

      • Lower sodium intake to 2,300mg or less


Program examples

Program Examples

  • USDA School Breakfast Program

    • National School Breakfast Program guidelines

      • 3 step reduction plan

      • 25%-27% reduction in breakfast meals (2004-2005)

      • 430-500 mg of sodium per meal


Culinary training camp

Culinary Training Camp

29 GreenvilleCounty Schools in South Carolina

  • At the training camp, cafeteria workers learn scratch cooking techniques such as roasting, use of herbs and seasonings in place of salt, and knife skills, so they can prepare foods fresh in the cafeteria rather than use highly processed foods.

  • These schools are committed to adopting healthier menus.


State and local level

State and Local Level

  • Menu Labeling

  • Warning Labels

  • Procurement Policies

  • Licensing/Taxing


Labeling

Labeling

  • Menu Labeling

    • Disclosure of sodium content on menus

    • FDA Waiver

  • Warning Labeling

    • Under NLEA, state and local authorities can mandate warnings related to safety of food


To reduce dietary salt intake

To reduce dietary salt intake

Pan American Health Organization & World Health Organization Regional Expert Group suggests:

  • Make salt substitutes (spices and herbs) readily available at affordable prices, such as using basil, garlic and ginger.

  • Institute reformulation schedules for a gradual and sustained reduction in the salt content of all existing salt-containing food products at restaurants and ready-made meals


Who can i contact for more information

Who can I contact for more information?

Adrian Bauman

BodenInstitute of Obesity, Nutrition and Exercise and Prevention Research Collaboration

University of Sydney

Sydney, Australia

Email: [email protected]


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