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Chapter 14. Setting the Stage. Between 500 and 1000, the Vikings attacked and looted church monasteries As a result many centers of learning were lost. Problems in the Church.

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Presentation Transcript
setting the stage
Setting the Stage
  • Between 500 and 1000, the Vikings attacked and looted church monasteries
  • As a result many centers of learning were lost
problems in the church
Problems in the Church
  • Lay investiture put kings in control of church bishops. The Church believed that this should be left to the Church alone
reform
Reform
  • Pope Leo IX, took office in 1049 and enforced laws against simony and the marriage of priests
church organization
Church Organization
  • In the 1100’s and 1200’s the Church was reorganized
  • It was restructured to resemble a kingdom
church organization1
Church Organization
  • The Church collected tithes
  • Tithes consumed one-tenth the yearly income from every Christian family
the 1 st crusade
The 1st Crusade
  • In early 1097, European people from all classes gathered outside Constantinople
  • They were poorly prepared for the geography, climate or culture of the holy land
the 2 nd crusades
The 2nd Crusades
  • Crusader states were very vulnerable
  • Eventually the Crusader state of Edessa was taken by the Muslims
  • The 2nd Crusade was organized to recapture Edessa
effects of the crusades
Effects of the Crusades
  • Thousands of knights lost their lives and fortunes
  • Christian intolerance and prejudice left behind a bitterness that continues today
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