Chapter 14
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Chapter 14. Setting the Stage. Between 500 and 1000, the Vikings attacked and looted church monasteries As a result many centers of learning were lost. Problems in the Church.

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Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

Chapter 14


Setting the stage

Setting the Stage

  • Between 500 and 1000, the Vikings attacked and looted church monasteries

  • As a result many centers of learning were lost


Problems in the church

Problems in the Church

  • Lay investiture put kings in control of church bishops. The Church believed that this should be left to the Church alone


Reform

Reform

  • Pope Leo IX, took office in 1049 and enforced laws against simony and the marriage of priests


Church organization

Church Organization

  • In the 1100’s and 1200’s the Church was reorganized

  • It was restructured to resemble a kingdom


Church organization1

Church Organization

  • The Church collected tithes

  • Tithes consumed one-tenth the yearly income from every Christian family


The 1 st crusade

The 1st Crusade

  • In early 1097, European people from all classes gathered outside Constantinople

  • They were poorly prepared for the geography, climate or culture of the holy land


The 2 nd crusades

The 2nd Crusades

  • Crusader states were very vulnerable

  • Eventually the Crusader state of Edessa was taken by the Muslims

  • The 2nd Crusade was organized to recapture Edessa


Effects of the crusades

Effects of the Crusades

  • Thousands of knights lost their lives and fortunes

  • Christian intolerance and prejudice left behind a bitterness that continues today


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