Contracted Braille. Amanda Bowdoin. Braille Literacy Movement. Occurred during the 1930’s. Raised-printed letters. When were raised-printed letters used? This really sort of begs information on Louis Braille and his role, doesn’t it? Very difficult to produce
** This occurred while the US was recovering from an economic depression in the 1930’s
Using this method made good braille readers. How do we know this? Is there research?
During the last 20 + years since being mainstreamed, many of the students who are now adults have great Braille Literacy Skills which have allowed independent interactions in our society. Hmmm.. I would think that most DON’T. What do you base this theory on?
They need to keep up with the changing of technology. Have they NOT kept up? Again, how do you know? Is there research that suggests this?
They support teachers and consumers who have quietly made changes in the Braille Literacy code and its uses. Such as…?
A growing number of educators are wanting to eliminate 4 groups of contractions in addition to the others that were recommended by Committee II
These are not easily read by many students
2. Double-letter lower contractions groups of contractions in addition to the others that were recommended by Committee II
3. Two-Cell Contractions that begin with Dots 5 and 6.
** there are confusion between letters proceeded by the letter signs
4. Two-cell contractions that begin with dot 6 groups of contractions in addition to the others that were recommended by Committee II
These are often interpreted as capital letters rather than contractions.
These were made by the committee
There has also been a decline in Braille Literacy
This was a poem written by Dr. Phil Hatlen for Sally Mangold who died on Jan. 29 ,2005.
Below are my words about Sally when she received the Migel Award from the American Foundation for the Blind.
FOR MY FRIEND, SALLY MANGOLD
From Phil Hatlen
(To the tune of Daisy, Daisy)
Sally, Sally, give me your answer, doI'm half crazy, is it Grade 1 or 2?It won't be a simple answerBut I know what you say will be trueBraille will prevailIt will not failAnd it's all because of you... This is WONDERFUL! A perfect way to end your presentation.