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China. Confucius 551-478 BCE 522 BCE begins to teach Zhou Dynasty 1100-256 BCE Mencius 372-289 BCE Golden Rule “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do to you” Harmony and Balance. Government chaotic under this philosophy Analects Philosophical system

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China

China


Confucianism

Confucius 551-478 BCE

522 BCE begins to teach

Zhou Dynasty 1100-256 BCE

Mencius 372-289 BCE

Golden Rule “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do to you”

Harmony and Balance

Government chaotic under this philosophy

Analects

Philosophical system

Five Relationships

Ruler and ruled

Parent and child

Husband and wife

Old and young

Friend and friend

Confucianism


Daoism 500 s bce

Laozi

Harmony in nature

Shunned politics

Rejected formal social structures

Renounce worldly ambitions

Yin and Yang

Helped Chinese accept Buddhist ideas brought by monks and traders from India

Daoism500’s BCE


Legalism

Law is the supreme authority

Strengthen state at all costs

Rejected Confucian idea of learning

Strict laws

Harsh punishments

Qin Dynasty—200’s BCE

Beliefs

Humans by nature evil

Need for strong government

Legalism


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