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PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS. Jim Linville & Erik Hendrickson Air Permits Division. Why. The Texas Clean Air Act Requires any Stationary Source that Emits Air Contaminants to Receive Authorization from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). Statutes and Rules.

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permitting electric generating units

PERMITTING ELECTRIC GENERATING UNITS

Jim Linville & Erik Hendrickson

Air Permits Division

slide2
Why
  • The Texas Clean Air Act Requires any Stationary Source that Emits Air Contaminants to Receive Authorization from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) .
statutes and rules
Statutes and Rules
  • Texas Health and Safety Code Chapter 382 (Texas Clean Air Act)
  • 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Chapter 116
  • 30 Texas Administrative Code (TAC) Chapter 106
types of authorizations
Types of Authorizations
  • De Minimis Facilities (30 TAC § 116.119)
  • Permits by Rule (30 TAC Chapter 106)
  • Standard Permits (30 TAC 116 Subchapter F)
  • New Source Review (NSR) Permits (30 TAC Chapter 116)
de minimis
De Minimis
  • Fuel Cells (Up to 1 MW)
    • No Registration Required
  • No Authorization Required
    • Solar
    • Wind
permits by rule
Permits by Rule
  • PBR 106.511 – Emergency Generators
    • Emergency Only - Not for Peak Shaving
    • No Registration
  • PBR 106.512 – Engines and Turbines
    • Very Limited Use Since Standard Permit for Electric Generating Units Issued in June 2001
    • Registration – 45 Day Review
standard permits
Standard Permits
  • Standard Permit for Electric Generating Units
    • Primarily for Distributed Generation
    • Output Based NOx Standard in lb/MWh
    • East and West Texas Standards
    • Allowance for Combined Heat and Power
    • Relaxed Standard for Landfill Gas, Digester Gas
    • Registration – 45 Day Review
new source review permit
New Source Review Permit
  • Can Not Qualify for Deminimis, PBR, or Standard Permit
  • Permit Required Prior to Construction
  • Detailed Application with In-Depth Analysis
  • Case by Case Review for BACT
  • Public Notice Required
new source review permits cont
New Source Review Permits(Cont)
  • Review Time – 6 to 12 Months (If No Public Hearing)
  • No Zoning Authority
  • Only Review and Permit Air Emissions
  • General application info located at 30 TAC § 116.110-116.143
nonattainment and prevention of significant deterioration psd
Nonattainment and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD)
  • Nonattainment Permits are for Major Sources in Nonattainment Areas
  • PSD Permits are for Major Sources in Attainment Areas
  • Pollutant Specific Permits
  • Review Concurrent with and Permit Issued by TCEQ with NSR Permit
other federal permits
Other Federal Permits
  • Title IV Acid Rain Permit
    • Not Required Prior to Construction
    • Reviewed by and Issued by TCEQ
    • Only for Utilities that Sell Power to Grid
  • Title V Federal Operating Permit
    • Not Required Prior to Construction
    • Reviewed by and Issued by TCEQ
    • All Major Sources
permitting statistics
Permitting Statistics
  • Natural Gas Fired Turbine Permits Between 1996 to 2006
    • 97 Projects Reviewed = 57,199 MW
    • 89 Projects Permitted = 53,317 MW
    • 66 Projects Still Permitted = 35,536 MW
      • 66.6% MW Still Permitted
    • Pending
      • 1 Project = 330 MW
solid fueled units
Solid Fueled Units
  • 2 Permits Issued = 1550 MW (Coal)
  • 13 Permits Under Review = 10,100 MW
    • 600 MW (Lignite and Coal)
    • 1600 MW (Lignite)
    • 1100 MW (Petroleum Coke and Coal)
    • 300 MW (Petroleum Coke)
    • 6400 MW (Coal)
    • 100 MW (Wood Refuse)
permitting difficulties
Permitting Difficulties
  • Public Participation
  • NOx Allowances for HGA
  • Ozone Transport Issues
  • CAIR & CAMR
  • Greenhouse Gas – CO2
conclusion
Conclusion
  • All Power Plants will Require Authorization by the TCEQ
  • Most Will Require a NSR Permit and a PSD Permit
  • Probably Require a Title IV and Title V
web links
Web Links
  • De Minimis http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/permitting/air/newsourcereview/de_minimis.html
  • Permit by Rule http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/permitting/air/nav/air_pbr.html
  • NSR Permits http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/nav/permits/air_permits.html
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