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Islam. The Will of Allah. The Five Pillars. The five acts of Worship. The Five Pillars of Islam. Creed - Shahadah Prayer - Salat Charity to the Poor - Zakat Fasting during Ramadan - Sawm Pilgrimage to Mecca - Hajj. The First Pillar. Creed - Shahadah

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Islam

Islam

The Will of Allah


The five pillars

The Five Pillars

The five acts of Worship


The five pillars of islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

  • Creed - Shahadah

  • Prayer - Salat

  • Charity to the Poor - Zakat

  • Fasting during Ramadan - Sawm

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca - Hajj


The first pillar

The First Pillar

  • Creed - Shahadah

    • There is no God but God and Muhammad is His Prophet

  • The Shahadah in Arabic


The second pillar

The Second Pillar

  • Prayer - Salat - Five daily prayers facing the Holy City of Mecca

    • one prays before dawn, midday, midafternoon, sunset and at night.

    • Ritual cleansing is involved.

    • times for prayer are announced by a muezzin who calls out from the top of a tower called a minaret.

  • Hundreds of Muslims pray in Kolkata (Calcutta), India (AP PHOTO)

http://i.cnn.net/cnn/SPECIALS/2001/trade.center/islam/images/group.prayer.jpg


Prayer

Prayer

  • When there is a prayer group one acts as the leader.

  • Passages from the Qur’an are recited.

  • Friday is the public day of prayer usually in the midafternoon. Men are at the mosque and women are at home.

    • The Friday public prayer usually includes a sermon.

  • Prayer Movements


The third pillar

The Third Pillar

  • Giving of Alms - Zakat - One gives 2.5 percent of one’s total income to the poor usually dispensed by the government.

  • A Muslim is also expected to perform acts of charity as part of one’s everyday life.

http://www.emelmagazine.com/images/final_hand_i25.gif


The fourth pillar

The Fourth Pillar

  • Fasting during Ramadan

    • One abstains from eating during the daylight hours for a whole month.

    • One also avoids liquid, tobacco and sex from dawn until dusk.

  • It is the holiest month in Islam

http://arxxiduc.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/ramadan.jpg


Ramadan

Ramadan

  • Purpose

    • discipline

    • develop sympathy for the poor

    • give to others what one would have eaten

  • It is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar (lunar) cycle

  • It is the time during which Muhammad received his revelations.

  • You Can Buy Hundreds Of Meals For The Needy At These Outlets.

http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.hilaliya.com/ramadan_crowds_tn.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.hilaliya.com/2007/09/ramadan-nights-the-umrah.html&h=375&w=500&sz=70&hl=en&start=49&tbnid=XcJUxnYkC691jM:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dramadan%26start%3D36%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN


The fifth pillar

The Fifth Pillar

  • Pilgrimage to the Holy City of Mecca - Hajj

  • It is a religious journey by a believer.

  • All Muslims, unless not able due to sickness and poverty, are expected to make the journey.

  • Only Muslims may visit the city.

http://www.hajjandumrahusa.com/Images/hajj.jpg


The grand mosque

The Grand Mosque


The pilgrimage

The Pilgrimage

  • The greater pilgrimage is made during a special month dhu’l-Hijjah

  • The lesser pilgrimage is made during other times of the year.

  • There is ritual and purification involved.

    • Uniformed clothing, special prayers, and refraining from sex and violence.


The ka ba

The Ka’ba

  • It is located in the center of the Great Mosque of Mecca.

  • It is approximately 50’ high and 40’ wide and covered with a black cloth.

  • The inside is empty and is ritually purified.

  • The Black Stone which is believed to be a meteorite is embedded in one of the walls.

  • The interior of the Ka’ba

http://www.sacred-destinations.com/saudi-arabia/images/mecca/resized/kaba-interior-wp-pd.jpg


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