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A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings: Gender oppression results from their subordinate status, a result of patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman) Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)

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slide1

A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings:

    • Gender oppression results from their subordinate status, a result of patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman)
    • Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)
    • Gender integration: considering roles and targeting programs (Hunt & Posa)
    • Individual values of self expression vs. collective or religious control (Inglehart & Norris)
slide2

http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=12509http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=PRB&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=12509

  • Source for PP:
  • Ashford, L.S. (2005). Population Bulletin
  • http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=Population_Bulletin1&template=PopulationBulletin.cfm&BeginYear=2001. accessed 11 Jan 2006
  • also see. Ashford, L.S. (2001). Population Bulletin, vol. 57,1: 21-29 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3761/is_200103/ai_n8939693
  • accessed 11 Jan 2006
  • United Nations, The World\'s Women 2000
women of our world 2005

Source: Ashford, L.S. (2005). Population Bulletin

  • http://www.prb.org/Template.cfm?Section=Population_Bulletin1&template=PopulationBulletin.cfm&BeginYear=2001. accessed 11 Jan 2006

Women of Our World 2005

Indicators of Women’s Status and Progress Around the World

the data and estimates provide information on
The Data and Estimates Provide Information On:
  • Basic demographics
  • Reproductive health, including family planning, maternal health, and HIV/AIDS
  • Education, work, and political participation, and trends over time in each of these areas
proportions of younger and older women selected world regions
Proportions of Younger and Older Women, Selected World Regions

Percent of female population

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005

births per woman total fertility rate trends in selected regions
Births per Woman (Total Fertility Rate), Trends in Selected Regions

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005

adolescent childbearing
Adolescent Childbearing

Percent of women ages 15-19 giving birth in one year

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005

maternal deaths and lifetime risk of dying from maternal causes
Maternal Deaths and Lifetime Risk of Dying from Maternal Causes

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; WHO/UNICEF/UNFPA

trends in births attended by skilled personnel
Trends in Births Attended by Skilled Personnel*

Percent

* Defined to include a doctor, nurse, or midwife. **Surveys dates are 1999 and 2003.

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; Demographic and Health Surveys

percent of hiv infected adults who are women
Percent of HIV-infected Adults Who are Women

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; UNAIDS

girls and boys secondary school enrollments latest year
Girls and Boys’ Secondary School Enrollments, Latest Year

Enrollments as a percent of the applicable age group

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; UNESCO

girls enrollments in secondary school as percentage of boys enrollments
Girls’ Enrollments in Secondary School as Percentage of Boys’ Enrollments

Girls per 100 boys

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; UNESCO

trends in women s share of non farm wage earners selected regions
Trends in Women’s Share of Non-farm Wage Earners, Selected Regions

Percent of paid, non-farm workforce

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; International Labour Organization

women s share of seats in national parliaments
Women’s Share of Seats in National Parliaments

Percent of seats in single or lower chamber

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; Inter-Parliamentary Union

increases in women s share of parliamentary seats selected regions
Increases in Women’s Share of Parliamentary Seats, Selected Regions

Percent of seats in single or lower chamber

Source: PRB, Women of Our World 2005; Inter-Parliamentary Union

slide16

A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings:

    • Gender oppression is related to patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman)
    • Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)
    • Gender integration: considering roles and targeting programs (Hunt & Posa)
    • Individual values of self expression vs. collective or religious control (Inglehart & Norris)
slide21

A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings:

    • Gender oppression is related to patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman)
    • Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)
    • Gender integration: considering roles and targeting programs (Hunt & Posa)
    • Individual values of self expression vs. collective or religious control (Inglehart & Norris)
slide22

Women’s labour force participation (1997):

    • DCs: 44%
    • South Asia 33%
  • Wages as % of men’s wages:
    • Mexico 71%
    • Bangladesh 50 %
    • Source: see Ashford, L.S. (2001). Population Bulletin, vol. 57,1: 21-29.
  • Legislators (women %): (2003)
    • Sweden 43%
    • India 9%
    • Mexico 23%
    • Source: WB (WID)
slide23

Mexico primary school female enrollment%

Source: World development Indicators Data base, July 2000.

slide24

India: primary school female enrollment %

Source: World development Indicators Data base, July 2000

slide25

Labor force, female (% of total labor)

Source: World development Indicators Data base, July 2002.

slide26

Mexico: Labor force, female (% of total)

Source: World development Indicators Data base, July 2002.

slide27

India: Labor force, female (% of total)

Source: World development Indicators Data base, July 2002.

slide28

India: poorest 20% of women

    • average # of children 4
    • prenatal care 25%
    • delivery with medics 12%
  • Mexico: % of all women
    • no education 11%
    • average # of children 4
    • teens childbearing 18%
  • All women - physical assault
  • India 40%
    • Canada 29%
    • See data in Ashford
slide29

A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings:

    • Gender oppression is related to patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman)
    • Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)
    • Gender integration: considering roles and targeting programs (Hunt & Posa)
    • Individual values of self expression vs. collective or religious control (Inglehart & Norris)
slide30

Gender integration: considering roles

  • and targeting programs
  • Development projects:
  • aid programs do not targetwomen: why?
  • women’s role not taken into account in projects
  • women are ignored in designing project needs
  • women are neglected in decision-making on
  • environment
slide31

Gender inequalities, poverty, & violence

    • Mortality rates
    • Socio-economic status
    • Literacy & education
    • Jobs & wages
    • Decision-making
    • Abuse
slide32

Higher mortality rate: why?

    • Sex selective abortions
    • Less food
    • Less health care
  • Hardships of low status:
    • Genital mutilation
    • Child marriage
    • Pressured to bear more children
    • No protection against HIV
    • Little education
    • Joint family pressures
slide33

Inequalities in labour force participation,

  • education, literacy, and health – a vicious cycle
    • MNCs: low wage underclass
    • Livelihood vs. literacy
    • Endangered health
slide34

A Framework on Women in DW: Concepts from readings:

    • Gender oppression is related to patriarchy and religious orthodoxy (Coleman)
    • Women’s education advances economic progress (Coleman)
    • Gender integration: considering roles and targeting programs (Hunt & Posa)
    • Individual values of self expression vs. collective or religious control (Inglehart & Norris)
slide35

Approval of Political and Social Values in Western and Muslim Societies

Western Muslim

Democratic Performance 68% 68% Democratic Ideals 86% 87% Strong Leaders 61% 61%

Religious Leaders 62% 39%

Gender Equity 82% 55%

Divorce 60% 35%

Abortion 48% 25%

Homosexuality 53% 12%

Source: World Values Survey, pooled Sample 1995-2001 Note: Table made from bar graph

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