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The Piano. Theresa Horton. Brief History. Clavichord—c1400 Harpsichord—1425 Piano—c1700. Upright Piano. First one built in 1780 by Johann Schmidt 50-60 inches in height 58 inches in width. Grand Piano. 4 ½ feet to 9 feet in length Petite Grand is the smallest

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The Piano

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The piano l.jpg

The Piano

Theresa Horton


Brief history l.jpg

Brief History

  • Clavichord—c1400

  • Harpsichord—1425

  • Piano—c1700


Upright piano l.jpg

Upright Piano

  • First one built in 1780 by Johann Schmidt

  • 50-60 inches in height

  • 58 inches in width


Grand piano l.jpg

Grand Piano

  • 4 ½ feet to 9 feet in length

  • Petite Grand is the smallest

  • Concert Grand is the largest


Components l.jpg

Components

  • Case made from Maple

  • Rim made from Maple

  • Ribs made from Pine

  • Frame or Harp made from Iron

  • Soundboard made from Spruce

  • Hammer made from Birch and Felt

  • Strings made from Steel and Copper

  • Keys made from Spruce and Plastic


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Mechanics

  • A key is pressed

  • Levers are activated

  • A hammer strikes a string

  • The string vibrates

  • The vibrations are transmitted to the soundboard

  • The soundboard reproduces the vibrations

  • Air around the soundboard vibrates


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Sources

  • Chapin, Miles. 88 Keys, The Making of a

    Steinway Piano. New Jersey. Amadeus Press,

    2006. Print.

  • Dolge, Alfred. Pianos and Their Makers.

    California. Covina Publishing Company, 1911. Print.

  • Good, Edwin. Giraffes, Black Dragons, and Other

    Pianos. California. Stanford University Press,

    2001. Print.

  • Hollis, Helen Rice. The Piano. New York.

    Hippocrene Books, 1975. Print.

  • http://musiced.about.com/


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