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Roman Villas and Apartments. Latin I House Unit. Hadrian’s Villa. Built between 118 and 134 AD. What was Hadrian’s Villa?. Imperial palace covering 300 acres Included theatres, bathhouses, libraries, houses for guests, gardens, statues, pools

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Roman Villas and Apartments

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Roman Villas and Apartments

Latin I House Unit


Hadrian’s Villa

  • Built between 118 and 134 AD


What was Hadrian’s Villa?

  • Imperial palace covering 300 acres

  • Included theatres, bathhouses, libraries, houses for guests, gardens, statues, pools

  • Theatre: http://www.italyguides.it/us/roma/hadrian_s_villa/maritime_theater.htm


Bathhouse


Egyptian influence

  • Hadrian had Egyptian statues brought in and modeled much of his architecture after Alexandria


Egyptian statues


Canal (130 yds long!)


Decorations

  • Besides statues and ponds, the villa was also elaborately decorated with frescoes

  • Do you remember what a fresco is???


Fresco


Underground Tunnels

  • Hadrian also recreated a tunnel system of Hades, which connected various parts of the villa

  • See why it took so long to build?


Architecture


What’s left of Hadrian’s Villa?

  • Everything you see in the pictures and more!

  • However, it was plundered for the marble and other valuable materials throughout the 6th-8th centuries

  • Archeologists still believe there are more artifacts they have not yet uncovered!


Roman Apartments

  • Very common during Hadrian’s reign

  • Known as “Insulae” which means….

  • Usually for the lower classes

  • Entire families would share one room

  • Very unsafe!

    • Made of wood

    • Serious risk of fire or collapse


What were the conditions like?

  • Usually did not have running water, toilets, or heat, especially in upper floors

    • Many threw waste out the windows (no glass) onto the streets below

  • Cooking was discouraged in apartments due to the risk of fire

    • Many cooked anyway, at the risk of fire


Were apartments popular?

  • By the end of the 4th century, apartments outnumbered houses 25 to 1

  • Because of the large population, restrictions were put on apartments

    • Height restrictions

    • Fire restrictions


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