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Greek Theater. Background. History. Classical drama arose in Athens, Greece Part of religious celebrations to honor Dionysus (god of wine & fertility) Drama evolved from classic drama around 6 th century BC. The Theater. Attended by thousands Outdoor style with seats built into hillside

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greek theater

Greek Theater

Background

history
History
  • Classical drama arose in Athens, Greece
  • Part of religious celebrations to honor Dionysus (god of wine & fertility)
  • Drama evolved from classic drama around 6th century BC
the theater
The Theater
  • Attended by thousands
  • Outdoor style with seats built into hillside
  • Stage (raised platform) at bottom of hill
  • Skene – backdrop & dressing room
  • Orchestra – circular floor between skene and audience
actors
Actors
  • All men
    • Wore elegant robes
    • Huge masks
    • Elevated shoes
  • Sophocles (wrote Antigone) used 3 actors for the play
  • Changed masks & robes to change characters
chorus
Chorus
  • A group of 15
  • Commented on action of play
  • Choragus (leader) participates in dialogue with characters
  • Between scenes sang songs that gave insight into the message of the play
tragedy
Tragedy
  • A drama that recounts the downfall of a dignified, superior character who is involved in historically or socially significant events
tragic hero
Tragic Hero
  • Protagonist
  • In conflict with an opposing force, the antagonist
tragic flaw
Tragic Flaw
  • Possessed by the tragic hero
  • Brings about or contributes to his/her downfall
tragic flaw cont
Tragic Flaw, cont…
  • Flaw may be
    • Poor judgment
    • Pride
    • Weakness
    • Excess of admirable quality
  • Tragic hero recognizes his/her flaw and its consequences but only after it is too late to change the course of events
action of the tragedy
Action of the Tragedy
  • Builds from one event to the next
  • Finally a catastrophe that leads to the final disastrous conclusion
  • Twists of fate play a key role in the hero’s destruction
three unities
THREE UNITIES
  • Unity of action – tightly linked cause and effect.
  • Unity of time – occurs in a twenty-four hour period.
  • Unity of place – occurs in one place.
slide13
FOIL – character who provides contrast to another…Ismene and Antigone
  • MOTIF- repeated idea or event…Creon’s accusations of conspiracy.
  • PARADOX – statement that seems contradictory but actually presents a truth. Creon’s statement…”A fortune won is often misfortune.” The blind Teresias sees all.
  • ALLUSION- reference to a well-known work, person, event. The chorus mentions suffering of individuals from Greek myths.
what do you know
What do you know???
  • The plots in Greek drama were based on _______, so the audience knew the story beforehand. Knowing what happens before the characters do is called _________ _________.
slide15
Greek drama was a _____ ceremony. It was partially funded by the state. The rituals from which drama is thought to originate were performed in honor of the god _____.
slide16
No ____ acted.
  • No ____ was shown on stage; instead, it was reported by messengers.
  • Performances occurred in _____light in open air theaters carved into _____.
  • The ____advised the characters, gave background information, and interpreted events.
slide17
______ is a type of drama in which the ______ undergoes a morally significant struggle which ends disastrously.
  • The tragic hero has a ___ which contributes to his downfall.
  • The hero is not evil.
  • He is a person of ____ who undergoes a reversal of ____.
  • He accepts _____ for his actions.
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