Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano
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Improvement of the quality of life* at the Austro- Ecuatoriano. IUC with Universidad de Cuenca , Ecuador Leuven, June 2014 * National plan “buen vivir”. Ecuador map. Andean. Ecuador. ( independence 1830) High biodiversity (Coast, Andes , Amazon )

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Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

Improvement of the quality of life* at the Austro-Ecuatoriano

IUCwithUniversidad de Cuenca, Ecuador

Leuven, June 2014

* National plan “buen vivir”


Ecuador map

Ecuador map

Andean

Ecuador

  • (independence 1830)

  • High biodiversity

  • (Coast, Andes, Amazon)

  • Mixed ethnics(Indian, Spanish, African)

  • Emigration

  • (workforce in USA, Spain, Italy)

Coastal

Amazon

Presentation UCuenca


Starting point july 2007 universidad de cuenca teaching university

Starting point (July 2007) Universidad de Cuenca = teaching university

  • Secondoldestuniversity in Ecuador (1867)

  • Teachinginstitution(paidbyhour of teaching; 13000 students)

  • Mainlypart-timeteachers(70% are professionals whoteachpart-time; 700 academicstaffwith 30% ♀)

  • Tradition of service to society, art and culture

  • Limited number of PhD-holdersby research (+/-20)

    Change to teaching based on active research


Polictical situation in ecuador

Polictical situation in Ecuador

  • Democratically elected President Rafael Correa started 15 Jan 2007, re-elected 2009 & 2013

  • “Christian left”, a lot of change byimposed decisions

    • Growth thanks to petrol and migration remittances

    • Continuous changes in ministries and services

    • Increased spending to social & infrastructure projects

  • Very interesting period of changes towards better quality of life and more equality


Challenge for all ecuadorian universities

Challengefor all Ecuadorianuniversities

  • Anew law for education (approved October 2010 )

    • Centralization of university accounts (loss of autonomy+ central bank)

    • Higher quality by more PhD’s ( 60% with PhD in 7 years) => impossible

    • Full time professors (40 hours/week) => end of the part-time professor combining (a) professional job(s)

  • Escalafon(salary/promotion scale)

    • PhD from a SENESCYT recognized university, web-of-science papers

  • 4 new state universities + closing of the worst universities

  • Difficult relation between universities and government


Iuc ucuenca improvement of the quality of life in the austro ecuatoriano

IUC UcuencaImprovement of the quality of life in the Austro-Ecuatoriano

Transversal project (1)

  • Institutional change to strengthen research and education

    Vertical Research projects (6)

  • Food, nutrition and health

  • Human sexuality

  • Integrated water quality management

  • Characterization of medicinal plants

  • City conservation and planning

  • Migration and local development


Transversal program

Transversal program

  • Classical activities with Library, ICT, human resources support, teaching improvement, scientific writing workshops…

  • Vanguardiaprogram aimed at best students

    • Objective: Creating a pool towards future research-professors with PhD

      => 10 year plan to increase # of PhD’s <> 7 year 60% target by government

    • Opportunities: Senescyt scholarships (3000) for training future academics abroad

    • Honours programme with the best students in last and forelast year of every curriculum

      => Motivate the young talent towards academic research career


Vanguardia approach

Vanguardia Approach

1. Top students in a Honours Program of 25 ECTS during the penultimate (8 ECTS) and ultimate (17 ECTS) year of their undergraduate studies

2. Improve English for admission at top universities (level C1) & to be part of the international academic environment

3. Training in the scientific research methodology (14 ECTS)

4. First exposure to research by a a research paper (5 ECTS)

5. Coach them for scholarship application to graduate programs abroad, to obtain Senescyt (and other) funding

6. Reintegration upon graduation into the university by asking faculties to formulate research lines


Implementation of vanguardia

Implementation of Vanguardia

  • University-wide for all faculties at UCuenca

    • Different degree of development of faculties (human sciences more need than biomedical and science and technology)

  • Integration of credits within the curricula

  • Blended learning with video-lectures and local coaches

  • Development of research culture within teaching


Iuc ucuenca improvement of the quality of life in the austro ecuatoriano1

IUC UcuencaImprovement of the quality of life in the Austro-Ecuatoriano

Vertical Research projects (6)

  • Food, nutrition and health

  • Human sexuality

  • Integrated water quality management

  • Characterization of medicinal plants

  • City conservation and planning

  • Migration and local development

    Transversal project (1)

  • Institutional change to strengthen research and education


Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

Cuenca Urban environment

CITY CONSERVATION AND PLANNING

Migration and local

Development

Human sexuality

City preservation


Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

Azuay Rural environment

Food, nutrition and health

Integrated Water

Quality Management

Medicinal plants


Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

DOCUMENTS AND GEOREFERENCING SYSTEM (GIS)

Historical photographies

LAYERS

City preservation

REFERENCE SYSTEM AND

METODOLOGY FOR ESTABLISHING THE DAMAGE LEVELS AND

PLANNING PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION

1.978

Current

photographies

2.008

RESTITUTION

Image

Rectification

Georeferencing

LEVEL OR RISK = Threat x Vulnerability

  • Deck

  • Courtyard

  • Terrace

  • Roof

  • Garden

Personal Geodatabase

Polygon

ANALYSIS

  • Trees

  • Fountain

Point


Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

Worldheritage City PreservationManagement (vlirCPM)

PreventiveConservation and MonitoringSystem

Heritage as a Resource: Methodology

HistoricUrbanlandscape: MethodologyfortheAnalysis

Heritage as a Resource:

ResearchLab.

A Master ProgramisOngoing

Bibliograph, local documentationresearch & workshops.

San Roque 2014:

23 housesmantained.

Lab & equipmentinstalation has beenconcludedon 2014.

Bibliography & local documentationresearch.

I Cohorte:

30 Students

20 Professors.


Improvement of the quality of life at the austro ecuatoriano

Sex education, including prevention of sexual violence- is studied in different contexts. Socio-cultural factors are being analyzed

Sex Education:

Working with local authorities and schools

Violence prevention:

capacity building training for local experts


International migration and local development

International Migration and Local Development

* Surveys designed and implemented in the school population of the communities of Sigsig and Biblian to analyse the psychological wellbeing of children

* Use of GIS for the implementation of census in Sigsig and Biblian as a mechanism for monitoring migration impact

* Studies on the impact of remittances and migration on human capital and entrepreneurship activities of returnees


Nutrion food and health

Infant study

Adolescent study

Nutrion, Food and Health

Baseline study

Interventionstudy (?)

Baseline study

Interventionstudy

Breastfeeding

Complementaryfoods

Anthropometry

Foodsafety (mycotoxins)

Foodconsumption

Physicalactivity

Anthropometry

Bloodanalysis

Qualitativeaspects

1 PhD (Cuenca)

1 PhD (Cuenca)

1 PhD (Ghent)


Water quality e g tarqui basin

  • Water quality in contrasting watersheds

  • (Santa Ana de los cuatro ríos de Cuenca)

  • Paramo “natural” ecosystem

  • Pastures, crops and human activities

Water Quality: E.g. Tarqui basin


Pharmacological characterization of medicinal plants

Pharmacological characterization of medicinal plants

  • EXPLORING USE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR FOR THE TREATMENT OF GASTROINTESTINAL (GI) PROBLEMS

  • Current challenges:

  • Zebra-fish as testing technology

  • characterization of active extracts by HPLC


Management of an iuc

Management of an IUC

  • Complex programme but good support by ICOS (international office) and PSU (local office)

    • Specific for Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia… some familiarity with Latin American culture is useful

    • Our ICOS is better as compared to other Flemish universities

  • Troublesome combined and contradictory burocracy for financial management

    • VLIR regulations, financial offices KU Leuven and Ucuenca

    • Other Flemish universities are better at support during difficult periods


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