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Eating Disorders. Psychology 11 Block D. What Is An Eating Disorder?. Generally, an Eating Disorder any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors. Anorexia Nervosa.

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eating disorders

Eating Disorders

Psychology 11

Block D

what is an eating disorder
What Is An Eating Disorder?
  • Generally, an Eating Disorder any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors.
anorexia nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anorexia is the loss of appetite for food as a medical condition. As an emotional disorder, is it characterized by an obsessive want to lose weight by refusing to eat.
  • A very complex eating disorder, Anorexia has 3 key characteristics
          • Refusal to maintain a normal body weight
          • Intense fear of gaining weight
          • Body dismorphia (distorted body image)
sings and symptoms
Sings and Symptoms
  • Dramatic weight loss.
  • Denial of being underweight.
  • Obsession with calories, fat, grams, carbs, etc.
  • Often making excuses as to why the person is not eating.
causes
Causes
  • Some research suggests a genetic predisposition to Anorexia.
  • Brain chemistry plays a significant role as well. People with Anorexia tend to have high levels of Cortisol, a hormone related to stress, and lower levels of Serotonin, a hormone related to feelings of well being.
physical and mental effects
Physical and Mental Effects

Poor Memory

Mood Swings

Dizziness, Headaches and Fainting

Tiredness/Fatigue

Small Black Hairs over Body and Face

Tooth and Gum Decay

Yellowing Skin

Brittle, Breaking Nails

bulimia nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
  • An unsustainable overeating disorder followed by a vicious purging cycle as a medical condition characterized by a compulsion to overeat followed by intense feelings of guilt and depression thus beginning the cycle of forced sickness, over exercising, or fasting.
  • People with Bulimia tend to be of average weight.
causes1
Causes
  • Genes, hormones and brain chemicals similar to those found in Anorexia sufferers contribute.
  • Like Anorexia, Bulimia stems from an obsession to lose weight.
  • Unlike Anorexia, Bulimics are more focused on self-image than control.
physical and mental effects1
Physical and Mental Effects
  • Inability to sleep
  • Infertility
  • Internal bleeding
  • Swelling and scarring in the throat and mouth
  • Swelling and scarring on fingers and hands
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Heart Attacks
  • Ultimately, death.
the cycle
The Cycle

Binging over

Eating mass amounts

In a short period of time

Strict Diet and Exercise

Feelings of Depression, Guilt, Disgust and Self Hatred

Purging excessive exercise, forced sickness and fasting.

obesity
Obesity
  • Obesity is simply the condition of being grossly fat or overweight
  • No, not grossly as in “eww, that’s gross”, grossly as in ‘at a large scale’ or ‘largely overweight’
causes2
Causes
  • Too much eating
  • Constant eating
  • Lack of exercise
  • Slow metabolic rate
  • Binge Eating Disorder or other medical conditions may also contribute
effects
Effects
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • High Cholesterol
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Disease
  • Different Cancers
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Ultimately Death
ad