Eating disorders
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Eating Disorders. Psychology 11 Block D. What Is An Eating Disorder?. Generally, an Eating Disorder any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors. Anorexia Nervosa.

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Eating Disorders

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Eating disorders

Eating Disorders

Psychology 11

Block D


What is an eating disorder

What Is An Eating Disorder?

  • Generally, an Eating Disorder any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal eating habits and behaviors.


Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa

  • Anorexia is the loss of appetite for food as a medical condition. As an emotional disorder, is it characterized by an obsessive want to lose weight by refusing to eat.

  • A very complex eating disorder, Anorexia has 3 key characteristics

    • Refusal to maintain a normal body weight

    • Intense fear of gaining weight

    • Body dismorphia (distorted body image)


Sings and symptoms

Sings and Symptoms

  • Dramatic weight loss.

  • Denial of being underweight.

  • Obsession with calories, fat, grams, carbs, etc.

  • Often making excuses as to why the person is not eating.


Causes

Causes

  • Some research suggests a genetic predisposition to Anorexia.

  • Brain chemistry plays a significant role as well. People with Anorexia tend to have high levels of Cortisol, a hormone related to stress, and lower levels of Serotonin, a hormone related to feelings of well being.


Physical and mental effects

Physical and Mental Effects

Poor Memory

Mood Swings

Dizziness, Headaches and Fainting

Tiredness/Fatigue

Small Black Hairs over Body and Face

Tooth and Gum Decay

Yellowing Skin

Brittle, Breaking Nails


Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa

  • An unsustainable overeating disorder followed by a vicious purging cycle as a medical condition characterized by a compulsion to overeat followed by intense feelings of guilt and depression thus beginning the cycle of forced sickness, over exercising, or fasting.

  • People with Bulimia tend to be of average weight.


Causes1

Causes

  • Genes, hormones and brain chemicals similar to those found in Anorexia sufferers contribute.

  • Like Anorexia, Bulimia stems from an obsession to lose weight.

  • Unlike Anorexia, Bulimics are more focused on self-image than control.


Physical and mental effects1

Physical and Mental Effects

  • Inability to sleep

  • Infertility

  • Internal bleeding

  • Swelling and scarring in the throat and mouth

  • Swelling and scarring on fingers and hands

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Heart Attacks

  • Ultimately, death.


The cycle

The Cycle

Binging over

Eating mass amounts

In a short period of time

Strict Diet and Exercise

Feelings of Depression, Guilt, Disgust and Self Hatred

Purging excessive exercise, forced sickness and fasting.


Obesity

Obesity

  • Obesity is simply the condition of being grossly fat or overweight

  • No, not grossly as in “eww, that’s gross”, grossly as in ‘at a large scale’ or ‘largely overweight’


Causes2

Causes

  • Too much eating

  • Constant eating

  • Lack of exercise

  • Slow metabolic rate

  • Binge Eating Disorder or other medical conditions may also contribute


Effects

Effects

  • Type 2 Diabetes

  • Gallbladder Disease

  • High Cholesterol

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Heart Disease

  • Different Cancers

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Ultimately Death


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