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Lección Preliminar. Repaso de Español 1. Los básicos. Spanish 1 gave you all of the building blocks to be successful for Spanish 2. We are going to review most of the key concepts . . What did we learn in Spanish I?. Greetings/ farewells Telling time Countries / capitals

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Lección Preliminar

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Lección Preliminar

Repaso de Español 1


Los básicos

  • Spanish 1 gaveyouall of thebuilding blocks to be successfulforSpanish 2.

  • We are goingtoreviewmost of thekeyconcepts.


Whatdidwelearn in Spanish I?

  • Greetings/farewells

  • Telling time

  • Countries/capitals

  • Whereyou are from

  • Thealphabet

  • Numbers 1-10

  • Ifyoudon’tremebersome of these, go back and reviewold notes and/or look throughanoldSpanish 1 book. (Wewillnotspend time reviewingthesetopics…)


Whatwewillcover…

  • Articles

  • Subjectpronouns + ser

  • Adjective+ nounagreement

  • Tener

  • Gustar

  • Ir (togo)

  • Ser vs. Estar

  • Present tense

  • Regular vs. Irregular verbs

    • Completely irregular

    • Yo/Goverbs

    • Bootverbs


Let’sGetStarted…


Articles

Definite

(Specific)

Indefinite

(non-specific)

THE

A, AN, SOME


Examples:

Definite

Indefinite

Un libro = a book

Unos chicos = someboys

Una falda = a skirt

Unas chaquetas = somejackets

Una manzana = anapple

  • El libro = thebook

  • Los chicos = theboys

  • La falda = theskirt

  • Las chaquetas = thejackets


SubjectPronouns + Ser

What do they mean in English?

SubjectPronouns

Ser


SubjectPronouns + Ser (In Spanish)

SubjectPronouns

Ser

*Remember: there is not a subject pronoun for “it”


Remember…

  • MostLatinAmericans do not use the “Vosotros” form (ThisformisfromSpain)

  • Iftheywantto use the “youall” form, theyusually use the “ustedes” form (whetheritis familiar or formal)


Examples

  • Nowjust combine themtomakelogicalsentences…

    Yosoy la maestra.

    Ellosson estudiantes.

    Nosotrossomos trabajadores.


Adjective + nounagreement

  • Adjectivesusually come afterthenounit describes

  • Adjectivesmust match theirnouns in both

    • Gender

    • Number


Examples

  • María wearsyellowshoes. =

    • María lleva los zapatos amarillos.

      *Amarillo = amarillos becauseit describes theshoes, not María.

      *(don’tforgetthatthearticlemustagree as well)


Nowyou can combine Names, pronouns, ser and adjectivesto describe people…

  • La chica se llama María. Ellaes de California. Ella es alta y cómicay lleva los zapatos amarillos. También, lleva un vestido rojo.


Note:

  • As youread more advancedSpanish, youwillnoticethattheadjectivesometimes come beforethenoun…

    • Reinforcingadjectives (in literature…la oscura noche)

    • Non-descriptiveadjectives (ie. Muchos, pocos…)

    • Meaning – changing (buen amigo… viejo amigo…)


Tener (Tohave)

  • There are 3 reasonsto use “tener”

    • Totalkaboutwhatyouhave/possess

    • Toexpressage

    • Totalkabout “Whatyouhaveto do…”


Tener (cont.)


Examples

  • Yo tengo dos amigos. (possession)

  • Los chicos tienen diez años. (age)

  • Nosotros tenemos que estudiar. (whatwehaveto do.) Tener + que + infinitive


Gustar (tolike)

  • Youmusttreat gustar differently!!!

  • Youcan’tconjugateitlike normal…

    • Youwill use gustaorgustan (in thepresent tense)

    • Youmust use “gustar” pronouns

    • Youhaveto use the “personal A” withthepersonwhoisdoingthe “liking”


Subjects

Gustar Pronouns


2 Waysto use gustar

WithVerbs

Withnouns

Gusta + singularnouns

Gustan + pluralnouns

Gusta

+

theinfinitive


Examples

  • A mí me gusta bailar.

  • A Carlos le gustanlas uvas.

  • A Sofía y a mí nos gusta cantar.

  • A los chicos les gusta hablar por teléfono.


Ir (togo)

  • 2 waysto use “ir”

    • Totellwhereyou are going (ir + a + place)

    • Totellwhatyou are goingto do (ir + a + infinitive)


Theconjugation


Examples: Ir + a + place

  • Voy a la cafetería.

  • Vamos a la playa.

  • Marco y Basilio van alparque.


Examples: Ir + a + infinitive

  • Vamos a bailar.

  • Voy a cantar.

  • La chica va a pasar un rato con los amigos.


Ser vs. Estar

  • Theyboth mean

    TO BE


Theconjugations…

SER

ESTAR


Thedifference

Ser

(more permanent)

Estar

(lesspermanent)

Emotions

Conditions

Location

Currentactions

  • Profession

  • Whereyou are from

  • To describe peopleor places

  • Time


ThePresent Tense

  • Totalkaboutthings in thepresent!


Theverbendings…

-ar

-er

-ir


SampleVerbs


Examples

  • Yo canto todos los días.

  • Carla baila en el club los sabados.

  • Mario lee sus libros en la biblioteca.

  • Nosotros vivimos en una casa grande.


  • Don’tforgetto use adverbstoenhanceyoursentences.


Adverbs

  • Siempre, rara vez, nunca (beforetheverb)

  • Mucho, poco (aftertheverb)

  • Todos los dias, de vez en cuando, a veces (beforeorafterthesentence/independentclause)


Irregular verbs in thepresent tense

  • 4 types

    Completely irregular

    Yo Verbs

    GoVerbs

    Bootverbs


  • Ser

  • Ir

Completely irregular

Verbsthat are irregular in allforms!!


  • Dar (togive)

  • Estar (to be)

  • Conocer (toknowsomeone)

  • Saber (toknowsomething)

  • Conducir (to drive)

  • Traducir (totranslate)

  • Ver (tosee)

Yo VerbsVerbsthat are irregular in onlythe “yo” form


  • Hacer (to do/make)

  • Salir (toleave)

  • Poner (toput/place)

  • Traer (tobring)

  • Caer (tofall)

GoVerbsare irregular in onlythe “yo” form & end in - go


BootVerbs

  • Wewillcovertheseverbs in thenextlesson!!


Foldable Time

  • We are goingtomake a booklet…


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