Fourth Year Follow-up of Assistive Devices Intervention Study Among the Home-Based Elderly. Shin-yi Lin, MS Machiko R. Tomita, Ph. D. Linda F. Fraas, MA, OTR/L Susan M. Nochajski, Ph. D., OTR/L Department of Rehabilitation Science State University of New York at Buffalo. Introduction.
Shin-yi Lin, MS
Machiko R. Tomita, Ph. D.
Linda F. Fraas, MA, OTR/L
Susan M. Nochajski, Ph. D., OTR/L
Department of Rehabilitation Science
State University of New York at Buffalo
AT-EI are common compensatory approaches used by occupational therapists to assist elderly people to live as independently as possible in their home. Mann, Ottenbacher, Fraas, Tomita, and Granger (1999) conducted a randomized clinical trial study to investigate the effectiveness of assistive technology (AT) and environmental intervention (EI)1.
The results of this study suggest that use of AT-EI alleviates functional and cognitive decline among the frail elderly living at home1. Besides, compared to low users, high users of AT-EI demonstrated higher levels of independence and function whether or not they received intensive intervention2. However, the continued use of devices by the elderly and the long-term relationship of AT use to the maintenance of function were still unknown.
Functional Changes of Participants in the Treatment Group (T) and Control Group (C) from Baseline of Intervention Study to Follow-up Study
Functional Changes of Participants in High Users (H) and Low Users (L) group from the Baseline of Intervention Study to Follow-up Study
Correlation between Functional Decline, Demographic Variables and Number of Illnesses
Table 1 Study Among the Home-Based Elderly