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Enlightenment: Theories of Childhood. Locke, Rousseau, and Dwight. I. Enlightenment Overview. Interest in Natural World God as “divine watchmaker” Reason/Rationality (“Age of Reason”) Order (in universe, natural laws, human nature) Secularization of politics/education/science.

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Enlightenment: Theories of Childhood

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Enlightenment: Theories of Childhood

Locke, Rousseau, and Dwight


I. Enlightenment Overview

  • Interest in Natural World

  • God as “divine watchmaker”

  • Reason/Rationality (“Age of Reason”)

  • Order (in universe, natural laws, human nature)

  • Secularization of politics/education/science.


II) John Locke, 1632-1704


Locke

  • Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)

  • Secular Puritan

  • Children born neither good nor bad


III) Jean Jacque Rousseau, 1712-1778


Rousseau

  • Emile, or On Education

  • Nature (“God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil.”)

  • Children Naturally Good

  • Will Provides Motivation

  • “Feral Children”

    Victor the “Wolf Boy”—France, 1798


IV) Timothy Dwight, 1752-1817


Dwight

  • Second Great Awakening

  • Grace as Motivator

  • Unitarians

  • Romantic Movement

  • Bronson Alcott


Victor, the “wolf boy,” ca. 1786-1828


Other “feral children”


Camp Meeting


Second Great Awakening hysteria


Bronson Alcott


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