Bloodborne pathogens universal precautions and wound care
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 25

Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care. Because of the close physical contact that occurs through athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger. What are bloodborne pathogens?.

Download Presentation

Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Bloodborne Pathogens, Universal Precautions, and Wound Care

  • Because of the close physical contact that occurs through athletic participation, the potential of for spread of infectious disease is a potential danger.

What are bloodborne pathogens?

  • Bloodborne pathogens – are pathogenic microorganisms that can potentially cause disease.

  • Mode of transmission:

    • Human blood

    • Semen

    • Vaginal secretions

    • Cerebrospinal fluid

    • Synovial fluid

  • Two most significant pathogens

    • HBV

    • HIV

  • Other potential pathogens:

    • HCV

    • HDV

    • Syphilis

      HIV has been more widely addressed but HBV has a higher possibility for spreading.

  • HBV is stronger and more durable than HIV.

  • HBV can be spread more easily when compared to HIV also.

Hepatitis B Virus

  • Viral infection that results in swelling, soreness, and loss of normal function of the liver.

Signs of HBV

  • Flulike symptoms

  • Jaundice

  • Individual may exhibit no signs of infection.

Prevention of HBV

  • Good personal hygiene and avoiding high-risk activities.

  • HBV can survive for at least a seek in dried blood or on contaminated surfaces.

  • Avoiding contact with any infected surface or fluid.

  • Vaccine

    • Requires a series of three inoculations spread over a 6-month period.

  • 1991 OSHA mandated that vaccination against HBV must be made available by and employer at no cost to any individual who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids.


  • Staphylococcus aureus, often called "staph" is a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin or in the nose of healthy people.

  • MRSA which stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus is staph that is resistant to commonly used antibiotics such as penicillins.

What types of infections does MRSA cause?

  • In the community, most MRSA infections are minor skin infections that may appear as sores or boils that often are red, swollen, painful, or have pus or other drainage.

  • These skin infections commonly occur either at sites of breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions,

  • areas of the body covered by hair (for example, the back of the neck, groin, buttock, armpit, or beard area of men).

How is MRSA Spread?

  • Like other causes of skin infections in athletes, MRSA is usually spread from person to person through:

  • Direct skin contact or contact with shared items or surfaces (e.g., towels, used bandages, weight-training equipment surfaces) that have touched a person's infection.

  • MRSA might spread more easily among athletes because they:

    • have repeated skin-to-skin contact

    • get breaks in the skin such as cuts and abrasions that if left uncovered allow staph and MRSA to enter and cause infection

    • share items and surfaces that come into direct skin contact

    • have difficulty staying clean

Dealing With Bloodborne Pathogens in Athletics

  • In general the chances of transmitting HIV among athletes is low.

  • There is minimal risk of on-field transmission of HIV from one player to another.

  • There have been no validated reports of HIV transmission in sports.

Universal Precautions In An Athletic Environment

  • The guidelines developed by OSHA were developed to protect the health care provider and the patient.

  • It is essential that every sports program develop and carry out a bloodborne pathogen exposure plan.

    • Counseling

    • Education

    • Volunteer testing

    • Management of bodily fluids

Preparing the Athlete

  • All open skin wounds and lesions must be covered with a dressing that is fixed in place.

    • Lessens chance of cross contamination.

    • Reduces the chances of the wound reopening.

When Bleeding Occurs

  • Aggressive treatment.

    • Removed from participation.

    • Return when it is deemed safe by the medical staff.

    • Uniforms.

Personal Precautions

  • Use of disposable non-latex gloves.

  • Disposable mouthpieces for resuscitation devices..


  • Removal of gloves.

Are Sutures Necessary?

  • Deeper lacerations, incisions, occasionally puncture wounds.

  • Should be put in as soon a possible, but certainly within a max of 12 hours following injury..

  • Steri-strips, butterfly bandages, derma-bond.

Signs Of Wound Infection

  • Classic signs:

    • Inflammation

    • Pain

    • Heat

    • Redness

    • Swelling

    • Disordered function

    • Pus

    • Fever


  • Bacterial infection that causes fever and convulsions.

    • Occurs most often with puncture wounds.

  • Login