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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CANADA A SHORT REVIEW AND STATUS. Conference on Sustainable Development - Measurement and Policies, Oslo Bill Jarvis Environment Canada June, 2005. Canada is committed to advancing SD domestically and internationally. POLICIES

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CANADAA SHORT REVIEW AND STATUS

Conference on Sustainable Development - Measurement and Policies, Oslo

Bill Jarvis

Environment Canada

June, 2005


Canada is committed to advancing SD domestically and internationally...

POLICIES

  • Canada takes a national long-term approach to achieving SD OUTCOMES, by

    • making environmental sustainability a key part of competitiveness

    • taking balanced approach to policy making that is based on:

      • an explicit policy framework; and

      • integrated information

  • Canada recognizes that SD is ultimately a global issue as as a national issue

    • Integrating international aspects into environmental policy

      MEASUREMENT

  • Canada is Committed to accountability

    • completed a 4year process to develop a set of national SD indicators

      THE STATE OF CANADA’S ENVIRONMENT

    • continues to be excellent.


In Canada, SD is not an end point, but an approach to decision making

SD is about

  • how to meet the needs of Canadians today, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

  • It recognizes that

    • social, economic, and environmental issues are interconnected, and

    • that decisions must incorporate each of these aspects if they are to be good decisions in the longer term.

      An approach

  • that will help Canadians achieve a healthy environment, a prosperous economy, a high standard of living, and a vibrant and just society for current and future generations.


Advancing SD requires a balanced approach to policy-making...

  • Based on an Explicit Policy Framework that:

    • integrates the environment and the economy;

    • protects the health of Canadians;

    • protects ecosystems; and

    • help meet international obligations.

  • And Based on Integrated Information

    • gaps in our knowledge prevent us from making integrated policy decisions.

    • Due to a lack of policy relevant information, the environment is not sufficiently represented in policy decisions.

      In Canada, advancing SD is about strengthening the weakest of the three pillars – the Environment


But, the environment is a shared jurisdiction...

  • like many federations, environment is not explicit in the constitution

  • yet unlike other federations, natural resources are, constitutionally, owned by the provinces

  • the dividing lines between respective jurisdictions –federal/provincial/territorial- are not always clear

  • as well, the structure of the Canadian federal government (The Westminster style) makes policy integration across different departments particularly challenging

    And, that is why Canada needs a framework …


A Competitiveness And Environmental Sustainability Framework(CESF)

  • Vision:

    Strengthening Canada’s long-term competitiveness, its natural environment and the well-being of Canadians

  • Mission:

    to attain the highest level of environmental quality as a means to enhance the health and well being of Canadians, preserve our natural environment, and advance out long term competitiveness – improving Canadians’ quality of life


Is a national policy framework for integration, to be developed

in collaboration with:

  • provinces and territories,

  • industry,

  • NGOs,

  • Aboriginal groups, and

  • other key stakeholders

    and, based on shared goals achieved through:

  • A long-term focus based on business realities

  • Rewarding results

  • Decisions informed by science

  • Predictability and transparency

  • A smart regulation, “single window” approach


Supported by five pillars:

  • Decision-making

  • Information

  • Science and technology

  • Performance promotion and enforcement

  • Education and engagement


that is comprehensive …

  • takes an integrated approach to the full range of sustainability challenges:

    • Climate change

    • Clean air

    • Clean water

    • Land use

    • Biodiversity

  • applies to three key areas:

    • Industrial base

    • Cities

    • Citizens

  • forges a national partnership among F/P/T governments

    • Based on shared goals


building on existing institutions...

  • Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Environment and SD

  • Ad-hoc Cabinet Committee on Environment and SD

  • Deputy Minister’s Committee on Environment and Sustainability

  • Commissioner for Environment and SD

  • P.M. Advisory National Round Table on Environment and Economy (NRTEE)

  • Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment

  • Civil Society -- ENGOs, IISD,...


and working with industry on real, long-term outcomes …

Value-chain sector sustainability tables

  • Mining, forestry, energy and chemicals industries.

  • Set long-term goals, as well as recommending more immediate action and results.

  • The goal will be to increasingly integrate environmental and economic signals

  • In the short term, Tables will focus on shared priorities

  • Over time the Tables will focus on longer-term environment and health outcomes.

  • Long-term targets will be world-leading, ambitious, transformative, and sustainable, and based on next generation technologies.


integrating international aspects and commitments...

Canada’s international priorities

  • agenda 21

  • MDGs

  • WSSD

    Integrating actions

  • Hosting CoP11/MoP1 in Montreal

  • Ambassador of the Environment

  • Ambassador of Climate Change

  • International Policy Statement

    And, Canada is committed to accountability...


GoC completed a 4 year process to develop a set of national SD indicators

  • to provide early signals of environmental deterioration

  • to ensure accountability to citizens

  • “In the years ahead, these environmental indicators could well have a greater impact on public policy than any other single measure we might introduce.”

    -Paul Martin


The National Round Table on Environment & Sustainable Development Initiative

  • Based on a natural capital framework for SD reporting

  • Recommendations to the Government:

  • Report 6 easy to interpret indicators

    in every federal budget:

    • Natural CapitalAir Quality Freshwater Quality GHG Emissions Forest Cover Extent of Wetlands

    • Human Capital Educational

      Attainment

  • Expand the System of National Accountsto include natural, human and social capital

  • Improve Canadian Information System for the Environment (national environmental information system)


Environment Canada Reporting:

  • Report in two parts:

    • Short “Headline Indicators” and

    • longer technical document

  • Indicators of:

    • climate change

    • air quality

    • water quality

    • biodiversity

    • toxic substances

    • water use

    • wastewater treatment

    • acid rain

    • stratospheric ozone layer

    • wildlife and wilderness

    • toxic substances

    • waste & recycling

Environmental Signals,

2003


Central Agency Reporting: Treasury Board of Canada Reports to Parliament

  • Health

    • life expectancy

    • self-rated health status

    • infant mortality

    • healthy lifestyles

  • Strength and Safety of Communities

    • volunteerism

    • attitudes toward diversity

    • cultural participation

    • political participation

    • safety and security

  • Economy and Innovation

    • GDP per capita

    • disposable income per capita

    • innovation

    • employment

    • literacy

    • educational attainment

    • performance information

  • Environment

    • climate change

    • air quality

    • water quality

    • biodiversity

    • toxic substances


The state of Canada’s environment continues to be excellent...

  • consistently ranks highly on international SD comparisons

  • 2004 OECD Review of Canada’s Environmental Performance: Good Progress -- towards achieving environmental objectives and international commitments since 1995.

  • Large territory with sparse population results in excellent state of environment

  • But, measures of pressures show Canada with high impact per person


ESI

2002

Keeping Score

EWI

2001

EPI

2002

EF

2004

net

4

2

6

3

3

18

10

14

14

29

27

9

18

12

26

17

14

8

21

11

19

19

7

10

24

12

25

22

22

22

25

11

18

16

10

4

22

1

2

3

3

7

28

6

29

20

10

3

1

1

1

5

23

5

7

6

Canada’s Environment: Ranks highly in 6 of 8 international comparisons

ESI

2005

EF

2004

gross

UVic

2001

Canada

6

25

28

18

USA

29

29

UK

21

18

13

France

15

21

23

Germany

13

13

6

Japan

12

8

21

Italy

23

7

18

13

Australia

28

27

2

Norway

22

17

27

Mexico

2

2

Sweden

3

27

10

14

Russia

9

na


Canadians’ intensive use of the environment creates high stress per capita.

Canada’s Rank

Among 12 peer countries

Among 146 countries

Elements of Sustainability

Environmental Systems

1

4

USA

Reducing Environmental Stresses

104

66

France

31

Reducing Human Vulnerability

2

Japan

69

Australia

Social and Institutional Capacity

14

Mexico

95

Global Stewardship

133

Russia

33

Rank on Environmental Sustainability Among 146 Countries (ESI, 2005)

Canada

6

45

UK

4

36

Germany

30

1

Italy

13

Norway

6

2

Sweden

4

12


In Summary

  • Canada remains committed to

    • advancing SD domestically and internationally; and

    • to accountability and reporting

  • Canada’s environmental outcomes continues to be excellent...

    • ranks highly in most international comparisons

    • OECD Review of Canada’s Environmental Performance: Good Progress o achieving environmental goals

  • Policies

    • CESF -- A national long-term approach to achieving SD OUTCOMES,

    • Integrating international aspects and commitments

  • Measurement

    • completed a 4 year process to develop a set of national SD indicators


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