Sustainable development in canada a short review and status
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CANADA A SHORT REVIEW AND STATUS. Conference on Sustainable Development - Measurement and Policies, Oslo Bill Jarvis Environment Canada June, 2005. Canada is committed to advancing SD domestically and internationally. POLICIES

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Sustainable development in canada a short review and status

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CANADAA SHORT REVIEW AND STATUS

Conference on Sustainable Development - Measurement and Policies, Oslo

Bill Jarvis

Environment Canada

June, 2005


Canada is committed to advancing sd domestically and internationally

Canada is committed to advancing SD domestically and internationally...

POLICIES

  • Canada takes a national long-term approach to achieving SD OUTCOMES, by

    • making environmental sustainability a key part of competitiveness

    • taking balanced approach to policy making that is based on:

      • an explicit policy framework; and

      • integrated information

  • Canada recognizes that SD is ultimately a global issue as as a national issue

    • Integrating international aspects into environmental policy

      MEASUREMENT

  • Canada is Committed to accountability

    • completed a 4year process to develop a set of national SD indicators

      THE STATE OF CANADA’S ENVIRONMENT

    • continues to be excellent.


In canada sd is not an end point but an approach to decision making

In Canada, SD is not an end point, but an approach to decision making

SD is about

  • how to meet the needs of Canadians today, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

  • It recognizes that

    • social, economic, and environmental issues are interconnected, and

    • that decisions must incorporate each of these aspects if they are to be good decisions in the longer term.

      An approach

  • that will help Canadians achieve a healthy environment, a prosperous economy, a high standard of living, and a vibrant and just society for current and future generations.


Advancing sd requires a balanced approach to policy making

Advancing SD requires a balanced approach to policy-making...

  • Based on an Explicit Policy Framework that:

    • integrates the environment and the economy;

    • protects the health of Canadians;

    • protects ecosystems; and

    • help meet international obligations.

  • And Based on Integrated Information

    • gaps in our knowledge prevent us from making integrated policy decisions.

    • Due to a lack of policy relevant information, the environment is not sufficiently represented in policy decisions.

      In Canada, advancing SD is about strengthening the weakest of the three pillars – the Environment


But the environment is a shared jurisdiction

But, the environment is a shared jurisdiction...

  • like many federations, environment is not explicit in the constitution

  • yet unlike other federations, natural resources are, constitutionally, owned by the provinces

  • the dividing lines between respective jurisdictions –federal/provincial/territorial- are not always clear

  • as well, the structure of the Canadian federal government (The Westminster style) makes policy integration across different departments particularly challenging

    And, that is why Canada needs a framework …


A competitiveness and environmental sustainability framework cesf

A Competitiveness And Environmental Sustainability Framework(CESF)

  • Vision:

    Strengthening Canada’s long-term competitiveness, its natural environment and the well-being of Canadians

  • Mission:

    to attain the highest level of environmental quality as a means to enhance the health and well being of Canadians, preserve our natural environment, and advance out long term competitiveness – improving Canadians’ quality of life


Is a national policy framework for integration to be developed

Is a national policy framework for integration, to be developed

in collaboration with:

  • provinces and territories,

  • industry,

  • NGOs,

  • Aboriginal groups, and

  • other key stakeholders

    and, based on shared goals achieved through:

  • A long-term focus based on business realities

  • Rewarding results

  • Decisions informed by science

  • Predictability and transparency

  • A smart regulation, “single window” approach


Supported by five pillars

Supported by five pillars:

  • Decision-making

  • Information

  • Science and technology

  • Performance promotion and enforcement

  • Education and engagement


That is comprehensive

that is comprehensive …

  • takes an integrated approach to the full range of sustainability challenges:

    • Climate change

    • Clean air

    • Clean water

    • Land use

    • Biodiversity

  • applies to three key areas:

    • Industrial base

    • Cities

    • Citizens

  • forges a national partnership among F/P/T governments

    • Based on shared goals


Building on existing institutions

building on existing institutions...

  • Parliamentary Standing Committee on the Environment and SD

  • Ad-hoc Cabinet Committee on Environment and SD

  • Deputy Minister’s Committee on Environment and Sustainability

  • Commissioner for Environment and SD

  • P.M. Advisory National Round Table on Environment and Economy (NRTEE)

  • Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment

  • Civil Society -- ENGOs, IISD,...


And working with industry on real long term outcomes

and working with industry on real, long-term outcomes …

Value-chain sector sustainability tables

  • Mining, forestry, energy and chemicals industries.

  • Set long-term goals, as well as recommending more immediate action and results.

  • The goal will be to increasingly integrate environmental and economic signals

  • In the short term, Tables will focus on shared priorities

  • Over time the Tables will focus on longer-term environment and health outcomes.

  • Long-term targets will be world-leading, ambitious, transformative, and sustainable, and based on next generation technologies.


Integrating international aspects and commitments

integrating international aspects and commitments...

Canada’s international priorities

  • agenda 21

  • MDGs

  • WSSD

    Integrating actions

  • Hosting CoP11/MoP1 in Montreal

  • Ambassador of the Environment

  • Ambassador of Climate Change

  • International Policy Statement

    And, Canada is committed to accountability...


Goc completed a 4 year process to develop a set of national sd indicators

GoC completed a 4 year process to develop a set of national SD indicators

  • to provide early signals of environmental deterioration

  • to ensure accountability to citizens

  • “In the years ahead, these environmental indicators could well have a greater impact on public policy than any other single measure we might introduce.”

    -Paul Martin


The national round table on environment sustainable development initiative

The National Round Table on Environment & Sustainable Development Initiative

  • Based on a natural capital framework for SD reporting

  • Recommendations to the Government:

  • Report 6 easy to interpret indicators

    in every federal budget:

    • Natural CapitalAir Quality Freshwater Quality GHG Emissions Forest Cover Extent of Wetlands

    • Human Capital Educational

      Attainment

  • Expand the System of National Accountsto include natural, human and social capital

  • Improve Canadian Information System for the Environment (national environmental information system)


Environment canada reporting

Environment Canada Reporting:

  • Report in two parts:

    • Short “Headline Indicators” and

    • longer technical document

  • Indicators of:

    • climate change

    • air quality

    • water quality

    • biodiversity

    • toxic substances

    • water use

    • wastewater treatment

    • acid rain

    • stratospheric ozone layer

    • wildlife and wilderness

    • toxic substances

    • waste & recycling

Environmental Signals,

2003


Central agency reporting treasury board of canada reports to parliament

Central Agency Reporting: Treasury Board of Canada Reports to Parliament

  • Health

    • life expectancy

    • self-rated health status

    • infant mortality

    • healthy lifestyles

  • Strength and Safety of Communities

    • volunteerism

    • attitudes toward diversity

    • cultural participation

    • political participation

    • safety and security

  • Economy and Innovation

    • GDP per capita

    • disposable income per capita

    • innovation

    • employment

    • literacy

    • educational attainment

    • performance information

  • Environment

    • climate change

    • air quality

    • water quality

    • biodiversity

    • toxic substances


The state of canada s environment continues to be excellent

The state of Canada’s environment continues to be excellent...

  • consistently ranks highly on international SD comparisons

  • 2004 OECD Review of Canada’s Environmental Performance: Good Progress -- towards achieving environmental objectives and international commitments since 1995.

  • Large territory with sparse population results in excellent state of environment

  • But, measures of pressures show Canada with high impact per person


Canada s environment ranks highly in 6 of 8 international comparisons

ESI

2002

Keeping Score

EWI

2001

EPI

2002

EF

2004

net

4

2

6

3

3

18

10

14

14

29

27

9

18

12

26

17

14

8

21

11

19

19

7

10

24

12

25

22

22

22

25

11

18

16

10

4

22

1

2

3

3

7

28

6

29

20

10

3

1

1

1

5

23

5

7

6

Canada’s Environment: Ranks highly in 6 of 8 international comparisons

ESI

2005

EF

2004

gross

UVic

2001

Canada

6

25

28

18

USA

29

29

UK

21

18

13

France

15

21

23

Germany

13

13

6

Japan

12

8

21

Italy

23

7

18

13

Australia

28

27

2

Norway

22

17

27

Mexico

2

2

Sweden

3

27

10

14

Russia

9

na


Sustainable development in canada a short review and status

Canadians’ intensive use of the environment creates high stress per capita.

Canada’s Rank

Among 12 peer countries

Among 146 countries

Elements of Sustainability

Environmental Systems

1

4

USA

Reducing Environmental Stresses

104

66

France

31

Reducing Human Vulnerability

2

Japan

69

Australia

Social and Institutional Capacity

14

Mexico

95

Global Stewardship

133

Russia

33

Rank on Environmental Sustainability Among 146 Countries (ESI, 2005)

Canada

6

45

UK

4

36

Germany

30

1

Italy

13

Norway

6

2

Sweden

4

12


In summary

In Summary

  • Canada remains committed to

    • advancing SD domestically and internationally; and

    • to accountability and reporting

  • Canada’s environmental outcomes continues to be excellent...

    • ranks highly in most international comparisons

    • OECD Review of Canada’s Environmental Performance: Good Progress o achieving environmental goals

  • Policies

    • CESF -- A national long-term approach to achieving SD OUTCOMES,

    • Integrating international aspects and commitments

  • Measurement

    • completed a 4 year process to develop a set of national SD indicators


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