Session: 3 The four pronged approach to comprehensive prevention of HIV in infants and young children. Dr.Pushpalatha, Assistant Professor, Dept of Pediatrics, Vani Vilas Hospital, Bangalore.
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Session: 3The four pronged approach to comprehensive prevention of HIV in infants and young children
Dept of Pediatrics,
Vani Vilas Hospital,
Although PPTCT Programs often focus on ARV prophylaxis, a comprehensive approach to the prevention of HIV infection in infants and young children consists of
Prevention of primary HIV infection
Prevention of primary HIV infection- strategies
Increasing new HIV infection-from husbands to wives.
Needs behavioural changes and education to safer sex practices.
Factors contributing to women’s vulnerability to HIV are
Poverty,lack of information,abuse,violence.
BCC –aim to change the risky behaviour
PREVENTION OF PRIMARY HIV INFECTION
IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
Prevention of unintended pregnancies among HIV infected women
Prevention of HIV transmission from HIV infected women to their infants
PPTCT core interventions
HIV testing and counseling
Safer delivery practices
Safer infant feeding practices
How these interventions work
Identifies HIV infected women
Reduced maternal viral load during pregnancy
Reduced infant exposure to the virus during labor
Reduced infant exposure to the virus through safer feeding options
Provision of treatment, care and
support to HIV infected women,
their children and their families